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Organism
Record information and status
Record ID
102151
Status
Published
Date of creation
2011-08-11 02:50 UTC (bch@env.go.jp)
Date of last update
2013-09-16 19:01 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2013-09-16 19:01 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

Organism information
Scientific name
Eucalyptus globulus
Taxonomic Classification
KingdomViridiplantae
PhylumStreptophyta
ClassMagnoliophyta
OrderMyrtales
FamilyMyrtaceae
GenusEucalyptus
Speciesglobulus
Common name(s)
Eucalyptus
Tasmanian Blue Gum
Southern Blue Gum
Blue gum
Additional Classification
Type of organism
Organism domestication
  • Wild
Characteristics related to biosafety
Centre(s) of origin
The Tasmanian Blue Gum, Southern Blue Gum or Blue Gum, (Eucalyptus globulus) is an evergreen tree, one of the most widely cultivated trees native to Australia. They typically grow from 30 to 55 m (98 to 180 ft) tall.
Habitat range
Blue gum is one of the most extensively planted eucalypts. Its rapid growth and adaptability to a range of conditions is responsible for its popularity. It is especially well-suited to countries with a Mediterranean-type climate, but also grows well in high altitudes in the tropics.
It comprises 65% of all plantation hardwood in Australia with approximately 4,500 km² planted. The tree is widely cultivated elsewhere in the world. It is primarily planted as a pulpwood, and also as an important fuel wood in many countries.
Blue gums have historically been used as street trees but are now regarded as unsuitable by many municipalities due to their rapid growth and mature size.

Eucalyptus globulus was introduced to California in the mid-19th century, partly in response to the Southern Pacific Railroad's need for timber to make railroad ties, and is prominent in many parks in San Francisco and throughout the state. Naturalists, ecologists, and the United States National Park Service consider it an invasive species due to its ability to quickly spread and displace native plant communities, while local authorities, especially many fire departments across California consider them to be a major fire hazard, although the United States Department of Agriculture does not list it among its Invasive and Noxious plants list in California. Due to such reasons, programs across the state of California have been taken to remove all eucalyptus growth and restore native biomes in some park areas.
Geographical distribution
The natural distribution of the species includes Tasmania and southern Victoria (particularly the Otway Ranges and southern Gippsland). There are also isolated occurrences on King Island and Flinders Island in Bass Strait and on the summit of the You Yangs near Geelong. There are naturalized non-native occurrences in southern Europe (Galicia and Portugal), southern Africa, New Zealand, western United States (California), Hawaii and Macaronesia.
Common use(s)
  • Ornamental
  • Timber
Additional Information
Other relevant website address or attached documents

Records referencing this document (2)
IDDescription
2record(s) found
Modified Organism2 records