Blue gum is one of the most extensively planted eucalypts. Its
rapid growth and adaptability to a range of conditions is
responsible for its popularity. It is especially well-suited to
countries with a Mediterranean-type climate, but also grows well in
high altitudes in the tropics.
It comprises 65% of all plantation hardwood in Australia with
approximately 4,500 km² planted. The tree is widely cultivated
elsewhere in the world. It is primarily planted as a pulpwood, and
also as an important fuel wood in many countries.
Blue gums have historically been used as street trees but are now
regarded as unsuitable by many municipalities due to their rapid
growth and mature size.
Eucalyptus globulus was introduced to California in the mid-19th
century, partly in response to the Southern Pacific Railroad's need
for timber to make railroad ties, and is prominent in many parks in
San Francisco and throughout the state. Naturalists, ecologists,
and the United States National Park Service consider it an invasive
species due to its ability to quickly spread and displace native
plant communities, while local authorities, especially many fire
departments across California consider them to be a major fire
hazard, although the United States Department of Agriculture does
not list it among its Invasive and Noxious plants list in
California. Due to such reasons, programs across the state of
California have been taken to remove all eucalyptus growth and
restore native biomes in some park areas.