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Information Resource
Record information and status
Record ID
103707
Status
Published
Date of creation
2012-08-02 14:26 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-08-02 14:26 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Title
Transgenic Perennial Biofuels Feedstocks and Strategies for Bioconfinement
Author
Albert P Kausch, Joel Hague, Melvin Oliver, Yi Li, Henry Daniell, Peter Mascia, Lidia S Watrud & C Neal Stewart Jr
Author’s contact information
Albert P Kausch

University of Rhode Island,
530 Liberty Lane,
West Kingston, RI 02892,
USA

E-mail: akausch@etal.uri.edu
Language(s)
  • English
Publication date
2010
Subject
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Abstract:

The use of transgenic tools for the improvement of plant feedstocks will be required to realize the full  economic and environmental benefits of cellulosic and other biofuels, particularly from perennial plants.  Traits that are targets for improvement of biofuels crops include herbicide resistance, pest, drought, cold  and salt tolerance, nutrient use efficiency, altered cell wall composition and improved processing and enduse characteristics. However, controlling gene flow is a major issue and there is no regulatory experience  with perennial plants as dedicated biofuels feedstocks. Bioconfinement of transgenes is thus an obvious regulatory and biosafety objective to the release and commercialization of transgenic bioenergy feedstocks. In this article, we review bioconfinement strategies that target pollen or seeds that can be applied to perennial plants used as biofuels. These include male sterility, integration of transgenes into plastid genomes, removal of transgenes in pollen and seeds, transgene expression in vegetative organs for harvest before appearance of reproductive structures or gene use restriction technologies.
Thematic areas
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Yes
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Report / Review / Fact sheet / Notes
Identifier
ISSN 1759-7269
Publisher and its location
Future Science Group
Rights
© 2010 Future Science Ltd
Format
14 page PDF
Source
Biofuels (2010) 1(1), 163-176
Keywords and any other relevant information
Keywords: Biofuel feedstocks, Gene flow, Biotechnology