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Third National Report on the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
Record information and status
Record ID
109198
Status
Published
Date of creation
2015-11-06 10:48 UTC (abdoulies@gmail.com)
Date of publication
2015-11-06 10:48 UTC (abdoulies@gmail.com)

Origin of report
1. Country
  • Gambia (the)
Contact officer for report
Coordinates
MR ABDOULIE SAWO
SENIOR WILDLIFE CONSERVATION OFFICER AND BCH FOCAL POINT
DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT (DPWM)
DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, C/O MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHAGE, WATER, FORESTRY & ENVIRONMENT, GIEPA HOUSE KAIRABA AVENUE
BANJUL, KANIFING MUNICIPAL COUNCIL
Gambia (the)
Phone:(+220) 4376972/3, 2308020, 7841678
Email:abdoulies@gmail.com
Consulted stakeholders
9. Organizations/stakeholders who were consulted or participated in the preparation of this report
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Environment, Climate Change Water, Forestry & Wildlife
Ministry of Justice
Department of Parks and Wildlife Management (Focal Institution)
Farmers' Plattform
Department of Forestry
Department of Fisheries
Plant Protection Services
Medical Research Council (MRC)
Gambia Revenue Authorities (Customs)
Ministry of Health & Social Welfare
Department of Livestock Services
Jagha Consultncy]
Submission
10. Date of submission
2015-11-06
11. Time period covered by this report
Start date
2015-08-14
11. Time period covered by this report
End date
2015-10-29
Party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
Is your country a Party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB)?
  • Yes
Article 2 – General provisions
14. Has your country introduced the necessary legal, administrative and other measures for the implementation of the Protocol?
This question is relevant to indicators 1.1.1, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, and 3.1.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Only a draft framework exists
15. If you indicated that a national biosafety framework exists in the above question, when did it become operational?
This question is relevant to the indicator 1.1.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • 2005
16. Which specific instruments are in place for the implementation of your national biosafety framework?
  • Other laws, regulations or guidelines that indirectly apply to biosafety
17. Has your country established a mechanism for the budgetary allocations of funds for the operation of its national biosafety framework?
  • No
18. Does your country have permanent staff to administer functions directly related to the national biosafety framework?
  • No
20. Has your country’s biosafety framework / laws / regulations / guidelines been submitted to the Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH)?
  • Yes
21. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 2 in your country
Plant importation and regulation act, Volume 9, Cap. 58:01, 1963, Section 3 & 4: The establishment of The Board and functions
National Agricultural Research Institute, Volume 9, Cap. 59:04, 1993, Section 3 & 4: The establishment of The Board and functions
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Volume 9, Cap. 60:01, 2004 in Section 3. Control & management mechanism (Board
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9, Cap. 62:01, 2003. The act is main legal instruments which have a definitive impact on biological diversity. Both the act and policy and legislation provide for the protection, conservation and sustainable use of wildlife and encourage the maintenance of minimum stock of vulnerable species through protection. It further stipulates that optimum returns of ecological, cultural, aesthetic, scientific and economic gains are fundamental aspects to proper biodiversity management. Part XII, Section 89. (1)There is hereby established an inter-sectoral Committee on Biodiversity and Wildlife (in this part referred to as the Biodiversity and wildlife Committee) as an appendage of the Agriculture and Natural Resources Working Group, which shall consist of at least twelve members]
Fisheries Act, and Subsidiary legislation., Volume 9, Cap. 63:01, 2008, Section 4 - 6: Establishment and functions of the committee
National Environment Management Act, Volume 12 Cap. 72:01-02, 2008 in sections 6 through to section 19 establishing the Council, the Agency, the various committees and working groups. The following environmental policy objectives of the Gambia Environmental Action Plan (GEAP) provide the government's medium term operational guidelines for the protection, management, exploitation and utilization of environmental resources. The policy objectives include the following: (i) to conserve and promote the rational use of natural resources for the benefit of the present and future generations; (ii) to protect and improve the health and quality of life of all Gambians through sound environmental management; (iii) to preserve and restore the equilibrium of ecological processes; (iv) to strengthen the institutional framework for environmental coordination and management at national, regional and global levels; (v) to increase environmental awareness and understanding of the public and bring about effective public participation and community involvement in its management; and, (vi)to ensure the effective integration of environmental considerations in all development strategies and related activities.
National Disaster Management Act, 2008, Chapter II deals with the establishment of the national coordination and Chapters III and IV regulates the decentralized coordination
Food Safety Act, Cap. 40:07, 2005, in section 4 dealing with the establishment of the Agency and section 11 refers to the function
Article 5 - Pharmaceuticals
22. Does your country regulate the transboundary movement, handling and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) which are pharmaceuticals?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
The introduction of medicinal plants that are not modified in the country but from country of origin.
23. If you answered Yes to question 22, has this information been submitted to the BCH?
  • No
24. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 5 in your country:
The plants introduced were normally in so small quantities or through exemption of custom declaration see Customs Act, Volume 14, Cap. 86:01, 1992, section 18 (2) (d) & (e) and 33 on drawbacks.
Medicinal Act, 1984: makes provision for the manufacture, import, storage, distribution and use of registered medical products. The Health and Medical Services Sector imports and distribute large quantities of GMOs in form of vaccines but there is no regulatory body responsible for monitoring the safety of these products.
Article 6 – Transit and Contained use
25. Does your country regulate the transit of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.8.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
Only few people understand LMO products, but custom facilitate the movement
26. Does your country regulate the contained use of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicators 1.1.2 and 1.8.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
27. If you answered Yes to questions 25 or 26, has this information been submitted to the BCH?
  • No
28. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 6 in your country:
Customs Act and Regulation and subsidiary legislation, Volume 14 Cap. 86:01, 1992, section 64 & 65 compulsory certification;
Quarantine Act, Cap. 40:03, 1964 and Subsidiary legislation, section; Plant importation and regulation Act, Cap. 58:01, 2009;
Adulteration of produce Act, Subsidiary legislation, Cap. 59:01, Cap. 59:02, Section 11. Prohibition of export;
National Environment Management Act, Volume 9 Cap. 72:01-02, 2008, Procedure for taking samples for analysis; Section 43.  (1)  An  inspector  shall,  before  taking  sample of any  substance  for  analysis  in accordance with section 42 inform the occupier that the samples will be taken for analysis. (3) Where the substance (a) is parked in small containers or packages. Conservation of biological diversity;  Section 32. The Agency shall, in consultation with the lead departments; (g)  prohibitor  restrict  any  trade  or  traffic  in  any  component  of  biological diversity.
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Cap. 60:01, 1994, Section 13: Import, Manufacture and use, valid for 3yrsSection, 17: Containers (import, export, storage, distribution, sell and handling) and Section 18: Labels
Forest Act, Volume 9 Cap. 61:01, 2003; Power to make regulations and prescribe penalties for contravention thereof; (u)  regulating the export and the import of forest produce or of any specified kind of forest produce.
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9 Cap. 62:01, 2003; PART VI-CONTROL OF HUNTING AND HARVESTING, Protected biological resources; Section 46. (1) Except as provided under this Act, a scheduled biological resources found in the Gambia, whether or not originating in the Gambia, is hereby protected as a biological resources. PART IX -IMPORT AND EXPORT OF SCHEDULED BIOLOGICAL RESOURECS, Import permit; Section 70. A person shall not import or attempt to import into The Gambia a scheduled biological resources, biological meat or trophy of a scheduled biological resources except under a valid impact permit issued by the Director or other officer authorized in writing by the Director and in accordance with the conditions of the import permit, Power to issue export permit; Section 73. (1) The Director may, on a written application and payment of the prescribed fees, issue an export permit if he or she satisfied that- (a) the export is not detrimental to the survival of that specie,  (b)    the schedules biological resources, meat or trophy of the schedule biological resources was lawfully obtained, © a schedule biological resources will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment, and (d) an import permit has been granted by the importing country for the scheduled biological resources, meat, or trophy. (2) Any permit issued under this section is valid for such time as is stated in it and shall be subject to such conditions and the payment of such fee as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act. Penalty for illegal import and export; Section 76. A person who import or export, or attempts to import or export, a schedule biological resources, in contravention of the provisions of this part commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand dalasis or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both the fine and imprisonment.


Articles 7 to 10 – Advance Informed Agreement (AIA) and intentional introduction of LMOs into the environment
29. Has your country adopted law(s) / regulations / administrative measures for the operation of the AIA procedure of the Protocol OR a domestic regulatory framework consistent with the Protocol regarding the transboundary movement of LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment?
This question is relevant to indicators 1.1.2 and 3.1.4 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
30. Has your country established a mechanism for taking decisions regarding first intentional transboundary movements of LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
National laws and draft biosafety bills
31. If you answered Yes to question 30, does the mechanism also apply to cases of intentional introduction of LMOs into the environment that were not subject to transboundary movement?
  • Yes
32. Has your country established legal requirements for exporters under its jurisdiction to notify in writing the competent national authority of the Party of import prior to the intentional transboundary movement of an LMO that falls within the scope of the AIA procedure?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
considering the national laws
33. Has your country established legal requirements for the accuracy of information contained in the notification?
  • Yes
34. Has your country ever received an application / notification regarding intentional transboundary movements of LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.1.4 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
35. Has your country ever taken a decision on an application / notification regarding intentional transboundary movements of LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.1.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
38. In the current reporting period, how many applications/notifications has your country received regarding intentional transboundary movements of LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment?
  • None
39. In the current reporting period, how many decisions has your country taken regarding intentional transboundary movements of LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment?
  • None
46. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Articles 7-10 in your country, including measures in case of lack of scientific certainty on potential adverse effects of LMOs for intentional introduction to the environment
Plant importation Act and regulation, Volume 9, Cap. 58:01, 2009, 1. The Act; Section 4(3)  in power to make regulations deals with Specified countries for import. 2. The regulation; Section 3. Channel of importation, Section 4. Prohibition, Section 5. Examination of plants by customs, Section 6. Permits required, Section 7 to 9. Information required in application for permits, Section 10. Penalty and Section 11. advise to intended importers
Adulteration of produce Act, Volume 9, Cap. 59:01, 1963, 3. Section 11. Prohibition of export
National Agricultural Research Institute, Volume 9 Cap. 59:04, 1993
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Vlume 9 Cap. 60:01, 1994, Section 8: Registration; 8. (3) (a) content, (b) decision, (e) International notification schemes - "Prior Informed Consent" and Section 10: Mandatory registration, Section 12:Decisions making; (1) procedures for decision-making, (2) provisional decision, (4) Requirements for decisions
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Subsidiary legislation, Volume 9, Cap. 60:01, 2004, Subs. Regu. Organic pollutants, 2004; Section 2: Stockholm Convention applicable and Rotterdam Convention,
Prevention of damage by pests Act, Cap. 60:02, 1965 and Subsidiary legislation
Forest Act, Cap. 61:01, 2003
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9 Cap. 62:01, 2003; PART VI-CONTROL OF HUNTING AND HARVESTING; Protected biological resources; Section 46. (1) Except as provided under this Act, a scheduled biological resources found in the Gambia, whether or not originating in the Gambia, is hereby protected as a biological resources, and  Part IX dealing Import and Export with Sections 70 and 73: Import and export permit: PART IX -IMPORT AND EXPORT OF SCHEDULED BIOLOGICAL RESOURECS, Import permit; Section 70. A person shall not import or attempt to import into The Gambia a scheduled biological resources, biological meat or trophy of a scheduled biological resources except under a valid impact permit issued by the Director or other officer authorized in writing by the Director and in accordance with the conditions of the import permit; Power to issue export permit; Section 73. (1) The Director may, on a written application and payment of the prescribed fees, issue an export permit if he or she satisfied that-  (a) the export is not detrimental to the survival of that specie;  (b) the schedules biological resources, meat or trophy of the schedule biological resources was lawfully obtained; © a schedule biological resources will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and (d)   an import permit has been granted by the importing country for the scheduled biological resources, meat, or trophy. (2) Any permit issued under this section is valid for such time as is stated in it and shall be subject to such conditions and the payment of such fee as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act.
National Environment Act, Volume 9 Cap. 72:01-02, 2008; Section 32 - 34: Conservation of biological diversity including introduction of species and Section 35: Access to genetic resources including movement of germplasm
Customs Act, Volume 14 Cap. 86:01, 1992; Part XI refering to Prevention of smuggling through Sections 149 to 168, Section 171: False declaration, Section 172: Evading. Regulation and subsidiary legislation calls for in Section 64 & 65: Certificates and Section 120: Importation/exportation requirements
Quarantine Act, Cap. 40:03, 1964 and Subsidiary legislation
Food Act, Cap. 40:07, 2005]
Article 11 – Procedure for living modified organisms intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing (LMOs-FFP)
47. Has your country adopted specific law(s) or regulation(s) for decision-making regarding domestic use, including placing on the market, of LMOs-FFP?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.1.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
48. Has your country established legal requirements for the accuracy of information to be provided by the applicant?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
food nutrition Act
49. Has your country established a mechanism to ensure that decisions regarding LMOs-FFP that may be subject to transboundary movement will be communicated to the Parties through the BCH?
This question is relevant to indicator 3.1.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
50. Has your country established a mechanism for taking decisions on the import of LMOs-FFP?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.1.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
51. Has your country indicated its needs for financial and technical assistance and capacity-building in respect of LMOs-FFP?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
52. Has your country ever taken a decision on LMOs-FFP (either on import or domestic use)?
  • No
58. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 11 in your country, including measures in case of lack of scientific certainty on potential adverse effects of LMOs-FFP
The Gambia has a framework; the Council and the technical arms (ANR-WG), laws, lesgislations and procedures in place, such as Health certificate procedures, NEMA assessment guidelines, Customs certicification. However, the capacity is limited in terms of technical and scientific decisions. The concerned sectors mainly rely on normal budgetary allocations which is always inadequate.
Importation of vegetable seeds Regulations, Volume 9 Cap. 58:01, 1975; Sections 4 & 6: Condition for permits, Section 7: Examinations by custom officer
Prevention of damage by Pests,Volume 9 Cap. 60:02, 1965; Section 3: Notice of occurrence, Section 4: preventing or mitigating infestation, Section 5: Appeals, 21 days for structural works, 7 days for destruction
Fisheries Act, and Subsidiary legislation. 2008, Volume 9 Cap. 63:01 Section 56 and 68 prohibitive actives including harmfull ones to the ecosystem. ANR Policy 10.8 Fisheries, c) Other Strategies calls to prepare, implement and monitor strategies for the protection of the aquatic environment;
National Environment Management Act, Volume 12 Cap. 72:01-02, 2008 dealing with the conservation of biological diversity both in-situ and ex-situ in sections 32 - 34, and as well section 35 referencing access to genetic rsources. The Agency shall promote the conservation of biological diversity in - situ. (2) The Agency shall establish guidelines. Conservation of biological diversity ex - situ: Section 34. (1) The Agency shall promote the conservation ex-situ of those components of biological diversity which are threatened with extinction. (2)  The Agency shall make guidelines for the environmentally sound establishment and management. (3) Species conserved ex- situ may be re- introduced into their native habitats and ecosystems provided that the Agency is satisfied. 35. (1) The genetic resources of The Gambia shall constitute an essential part of the natural wealth of resources of the people of The Gambia. (2)  The Council may make regulations and prescribed guidelines regarding access to the genetic resources of The Gambia.
Customs Act, Cap. Vlume 14 86:01, 1992, the Regulation and subsidiary legislation introduces obligatory certifications in Section 64 & 65
Food Act, Volume 6 Cap. 40:07, 2005 in Section 43: Regulations; (2) (a), (b) considered food labeling, packaging and guality. ANR Policy 10.16.4 Biotechnology and Bio-security. There is increasing recognition of Biotechnology approaches in enhancing the achievements of key ANR sector objectives of increased productivity, and competitivity
Article 12 – Review of decision
59. Has your country established a mechanism for the review and change of a decision regarding an intentional transboundary movement of LMOs?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
relevant institutions
60. Has your country ever received a request for a review of a decision?
  • No
61. Has your country ever reviewed / changed a decision regarding an intentional transboundary movement of LMOs?
  • No
62. In the current reporting period, how many decisions were reviewed and/or changed regarding an intentional transboundary movement of an LMO?
  • None
66. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 12 in your country
The umbrella decision making body as concerns agriculture and natural resources is the Agriculture and Natural Resources Working Group (ANR-WG). In addition, there is also sectoral boards and as required, tasksforces are frequently formed to deal with specific issues. In case of high sensitive issues, the Environmental Council chaired by The President might be requested to guide the decisions.
Plant importation and regulation Act, Volume 9 Cap. 58:01, 1963; Regulattions Section 4. Prohibition, Section 5. Examination of plants by customs, Section 6. Permits required, Section 7 to 9. Information required in application for permits, Section 10. Penalty, Section 11. advise to intended importers
Importation of vegetable seeds regulations, Volume 9 Cap. 58:01, 1975; Sections 4 & 6: Condition for permits, Section 7: Examinations by custom officer
Adulteration of produce Act, Volume 9 Cap. 59:01, 1963; Section 11. Prohibition of export
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Volume 9 Cap. 60:01, 1994; Section 8: Registration; 8. (3) (a) content, (b) decision, , (e) International notification schemes - "Prior Informed Consent", Section 10: Mandatory registration, Section 12: Decisions; (1) procedures for decision-making, (2) provisional decision, (4) Requirements for decisions, Section 13: Import, Manufacture and use, valid for 3yrs, Section 14: Duration of registration, 5ys, (3) Rejection to give reasons, Section 15: Restrictions and banning, Section 16: Cancellation, Section 17: Containers (import, export, storage, distribution, sell and handling), 10. Section 18: Labels
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9 Cap. 62:01, 2003; 5. Part IX; Import and Export in Section 69 and 71: Import and export permit
Fisheries Act, and Subsidiary legislation. 2008, Volume 9 Cap. 63:01; Section 56: prohibitions
National Environment Management Act, Cap. 72:01-02, 2008
Customs Act, Volume 14 Cap. 86:01, 1992, Regulation and subsidiary legislation; Section 64 & 65: Certificates
Food Act, Cap. 40:07, 2005
Article 13 – Simplified procedure
67. Has your country established a system for the application of the simplified procedure regarding an intentional transboundary movement of LMOs?
  • No
68. Has your country ever applied the simplified procedure?
  • No
70. In the current reporting period, how many LMOs has your country applied the simplified procedure to?
  • None
71. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 13 in your country
Excemption is commonly applied to materials for reseach or trial purposes. Customs Tariff Act, Cap. 86:02, Section 18: (2) (d) & (e) drawbacks and Section 33: Drawbacks
Article 14 – Bilateral, regional and multilateral agreements and arrangements
72. Has your country entered into any bilateral, regional or multilateral agreements or arrangements?
  • Yes
73. If you answered Yes to question 72, how many LMO-related collaborative bilateral/multilateral arrangements has your country established with other Parties/non-Parties?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.8 of the Strategic Plan
  • One or more
74. If you answered Yes to question 72, has your country informed the Parties through the BCH of the agreements or arrangements?
This question is relevant to indicator 3.1.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
75. If you answered Yes to question 72, please provide a brief description of the scope and objective of the agreements or arrangements entered into
The Gambia is a signatory and a Party to various regional and international treaties and agreements which are related to or affect biodiversity. The international conventions include; the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance specially as Water Fowl Habitat (RAMSAR), Convention Covering the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNCCC), Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, London Amendments to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon tests in the Atmosphere in Outer Space and under Water.
The Gambia is part of the AU agreement...
The regional agreements to which The Gambia is a Party include; the Convention on the African Migratory Locust; Convention for Cooperation in tile Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region (WACAF); Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Marine Pollution in cases of Emergency in West and Central African Region (WACAF); Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa

76. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 14 in your country
All the agreements and arrangments are manned by a focal point and overseen by a committee. All the agreements require periodical reporting, which details the implementation and future programmes.
Articles 15 & 16 – Risk Assessment and Risk Management
77. Has your country established a national framework for conducting risk assessments prior to taking decisions regarding LMOs?
  • No
79. How many people in your country have been trained in risk assessment, monitoring, management and control of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.3 of the Strategic Plan
a) Risk assessment:
  • None
b) Management / Control:
  • None
c) Monitoring:
  • None
80. Is your country using training material and/or technical guidance for training in risk assessment and risk management of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
81. Is your country using the "Manual on Risk Assessment of LMOs" (developed by CBD Secretariat) for training in risk assessment?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
82. Is your country using the "Guidance on Risk Assessment of LMOs" (developed by the Online Forum and the AHTEG on Risk Assessment and Risk Management) for training in risk assessment?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
83. Are the currently available training materials or technical guidance on risk assessment and/or risk management of LMOs sufficient?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.6 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
84. Does your country have the capacity to detect, identify, assess and/or monitor living modified organisms or specific traits that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking into account risks to human health?
This question is relevant to indicators 1.4.2 and 1.6.3 of the Strategic Plan
a) Detect:
  • No
b) Identify:
  • No
c) Assess:
  • No
d) Monitor:
  • No
85. Has your country adopted or used any guidance documents for the purpose of conducting risk assessment or risk management, or for evaluating risk assessment reports submitted by notifiers?
This question is relevant to indicators 1.3.1 of the Strategic Plan
a) Risk assessment:
  • No
b) Risk management:
  • No
86. Is your country using the "Guidance on Risk Assessment of LMOs" (developed by the Online Forum and the AHTEG on Risk Assessment and Risk Management) for conducting risk assessment or risk management, or for evaluating risk assessment reports submitted by notifiers?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
87. Has your country adopted any common approaches to risk assessment with other countries?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.3.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
88. Has your country cooperated with other Parties with a view to identifying LMOs or specific traits that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.4.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
89. Has your country ever conducted a risk assessment of an LMO including any type of risk assessment of LMOs, e.g. for contained use, field trials, commercial purposes, direct use as food, feed, or for processing?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.3.3 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
94. Has your country taken measures to ensure that any LMO, whether imported or locally developed, undergoes an appropriate period of observation that is commensurate with its life-cycle or generation time before it is put to its intended use?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
Apart from short cycled agricultural or horticultural products, others like tree species are not monitored to life-cycle
95. Has your country established a mechanism for monitoring potential effects of LMOs that are released into the environment?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
The monitoring is in most cases conducted by concerned institutions such as NEA with EIA, but reports are submitted to the ANR-WG
96. Does your country have the infrastructure (e.g. laboratory facilities) for monitoring or managing LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.2.4 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
97. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Articles 15 and 16 in your country
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, volume 9 Cap. 60:01, 1994; Section 32: Analytical laboratories
National Environment Management Act, Volume 9 Cap. 72:01-02, 2008, PART V  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT, AUDITS AND MONITORING Submission of project briefs for assessment , Section 22.  1.   A developer of a project provided for under Part A of the Schedule shall be required to submit a project brief to the Agency.  PART IV, ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS Establishment of criteria and standards; Section 28. (1) The Agency shall establish criteria and measurement of environmental quality in generalOffences relating to environmental impact assessment; Section 53. (1) A person commits an offence if he; (a) fails to submit a project brief contrary to section 22; (b) fails to prepare an environmental impact statement contrary to section 23; or (c) Fraudulently makes a false statement in an environmental impact statement contrary to section 23. (2)  A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on conviction, (a)  in the case of a natural person, to a fine of not more than one hundred and sixty thousand dalasis or to a term of imprisonment of not more than five years; and  (b)  in the case of a body corporate, to a fine of not more than fifty thousand dalasis.
Article 17 – Unintentional transboundary movements and emergency measures
98. Has your country established and maintained appropriate measures to prevent unintentional transboundary movements of LMOs?
  • Yes
99. Has your country established a mechanism for addressing emergency measures in case of unintentional transboundary movements of LMOs that are likely to have significant adverse effect on biological diversity?
  • No
100. Does your country have the capacity to take appropriate measures in the event that an LMO is unintentionally released?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.8.3 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
101. In the current reporting period, how many times has your country received information concerning occurrences that led, or may have led, to unintentional transboundary movement(s) of one or more LMOs to or from territories under its jurisdiction?
  • Never
105. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 17 in your country
The country has undertaken  training programme, which include biosafety issues, control of LMOs. Though The Gambian border is very porous, however border posts and patrols by the security controlled transboudary movement of plants and animals that may include LMOs. The various stiff legislations and other measures saves the country from rampant unintentional transboundary movement of LMOs.
Article 18 – Handling, transport, packaging and identification
106. Has your country taken measures to require that LMOs that are subject to transboundary movement are handled, packaged and transported under conditions of safety, taking into account relevant international rules and standards?
  • Yes
107. Has your country taken measures to require that documentation accompanying LMOs-FFP clearly identifies that, in cases where the identity of the LMOs is not known through means such as identity preservation systems, they may contain living modified organisms and are not intended for intentional introduction into the environment, as well as a contact point for further information?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.6.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
108. Has your country taken measures to require that documentation accompanying LMOs-FFP clearly identifies that, in cases where the identity of the LMOs is known through means such as identity preservation systems, they contain living modified organisms and are not intended for intentional introduction into the environment, as well as a contact point for further information?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.6.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
109. If you answered Yes or Yes, to some extent to question(s) 107 and/or 108, what type of documentation does your country require for the identification of LMOs-FFP?
  • Existing types of documentation
110. Has your country taken measures to require that documentation accompanying LMOs that are destined for contained use clearly identifies them as living modified organisms and specifies any requirements for the safe handling, storage, transport and use, the contact point for further information, including the name and address of the individual and institution to whom the LMO are consigned?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.6.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
111. If you answered Yes or Yes, to some extent to question 110, what type of documentation does your country require for the identification of LMOs that are destined for contained?
  • Existing types of documentation
112. Has your country taken measures to require that documentation accompanying LMOs that are intended for intentional introduction into the environment of the Party of import, clearly identifies them as living modified organisms; specifies the identity and relevant traits and/or characteristics, any requirements for the safe handling, storage, transport and use, the contact point for further information and, as appropriate, the name and address of the importer and exporter; and contains a declaration that the movement is in conformity with the requirements of this Protocol applicable to the exporter?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.6.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
113. If you answered Yes or Yes, to some extent to question 112, what type of documentation does your country require for the identification of LMOs that are intended for intentional introduction into the environment?
  • Existing types of documentation
114. Does your country have available any guidance for the purpose of ensuring the safe handling, transport, and packaging of living modified organisms?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.6.4 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
115. Does your country have the capacity to enforce the requirements of identification and documentation of LMOs?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
Based on the notificatin required information, the experts can take decisions. However, certain requirements such as the use of a laboratory is not adequately used, due to none availability of infrastructure, finance and human resources.
116. How many customs officers in your country have received training in the identification of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.3.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • 10 or more
117. Has your country established procedures for the sampling and detection of LMOs?
  • No
118. How many laboratory personnel in your country have received training in detection of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.3.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • None
119. Does your country have reliable access to laboratory facilities for the detection of LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.3.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
120. How many laboratories in your country are certified for LMO detection?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.3.3 of the Strategic Plan
  • None
122. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 18 in your country:
Plant importation and regulation Act, Volume 9 Cap. 58:01, 1963; The Act. Section 4 (1) to (3) power to make regulations on Prohibitions, Storage, Specified countries and Penalties, and The Subsidiary Regulattions Section 4. Prohibition, Section 5. Examination of plants by customs, Section 6. Permits required, Section 7 to 9. Information required in application for permits, Section 10. Penalty, Section 11. advise to intended importers
Importation of vegetable seeds regulations, Volume 9 Cap. 58:01, 1975; Sections 4 & 6: Condition for permits, Section 7: Examinations by custom officer
Adulteration of produce Act, Volume 9 Cap. 59:01, 1963; Section 11. Prohibition of export
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Volume 9 Cap. 60:01, 1994; Section 8: Registration; 8. (3) (a) content, (b) decision, , (e) International notification schemes - "Prior Informed Consent", Section 10: Mandatory registration, Section 12: Decisions; (1) procedures for decision-making, (2) provisional decision, (4) Requirements for decisions, Section 13: Import, Manufacture and use, valid for 3yrs, Section 14: Duration of registration, 5ys, (3) Rejection to give reasons, Section 15: Restrictions and banning, Section 16: Cancellation, Section 17: Containers (import, export, storage, distribution, sell and handling), Section 18: Labels
Prevention of damage by Pests, Volume 9 Cap. 60:02, 1965; Section 4: preventing or mitigating infestation, Section 5: Appeals, 21 days for structural works, 7 days for destruction
Fisheries Act, and Subsidiary legislation. 2008, Volume 9 Cap. 63:01; Section 56: prohibitions, Part XIII, 72: Hot pursuit, 73: Power of seizure, Part XIV, 78: Fisheries observers
National Environment Management Act, Volume 12 Cap. 72:01-02, 2008; Part IX, Section 41 & 42: Inspectors & duties, Section 44: Analytical laboratories, Section 46: Certification, Section 47: Record keeping and Part X, Section 48: Access to information
Customs Act, Volume 14 Cap. 86:01, 1992, Regulation and subsidiary legislation; Section 64 & 65: Certificates
Article 19 – Competent National Authorities and National Focal Points
123. In case your country has designated more than one competent national authority, has your country established a mechanism for the coordination of their actions prior to taking decisions regarding LMOs?
  • Yes
124. Has your country established adequate institutional capacity to enable the competent national authority(ies) to perform the administrative functions required by the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
The Gambia proposed a single national authority which still needs to be adopted. The country still relies on the individual institutional setups
125. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 19 in your country
Plant importation and regulation act, Volume 9, Cap. 58:01, 1963, Section 3 & 4: The establishment of The Board and functions
National Agricultural Research Institute, Volume 9, Cap. 59:04, 1993, Section 3 & 4: The establishment of The Board and functions
Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides Control and Management Act, Volume 9, Cap. 60:01, 2004 in Section 3. Control & management mechanism (Board
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9, Cap. 62:01, 2003
Fisheries Act, and Subsidiary legislation., Volume 9, Cap. 63:01, 2008, Section 4 - 6: Establishment and functions of the committee
National Environment Act, Cap. 72:01-02, 2008 in sections 6 through to section 19 establishing the Council, the Agency, the various committees and working groups.
National Disaster Management Act, 2008, Chapter II deals with the establishment of the national coordination and Chapters III and IV regulates the decentralized coordination
Food Act, Cap. 40:07, 2005, in section 4 dealing with the establishment of the Agency and section 11 refers to the function
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9, Cap. 62:01, 2003, PART XII-BIODIVERSITY AND WILDLIFE COORDINATION MECHANISM; Establishment of the Inter-sectoral Committee on Biodiversity and Wildlife, Section 89. (1)There is hereby established an inter-sectoral Committee on Biodiversity and Wildlife (in this part referred to as the Biodiversity and wildlife Committee) as an appendage of the Agriculture and Natural Resources Working Group, which shall consist of at least twelve members
Article 20 – Information Sharing and the Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH)
126. Please provide an overview of the status of the mandatory information provided by your country to the BCH by specifying for each category of information whether it is available and whether it has been submitted to the BCH.
This question is relevant to indicator 3.1.5 of the Strategic Plan
a) Existing national legislation, regulations and guidelines for implementing the Protocol, as well as information required by Parties for the advance informed agreement procedure (Article 20, paragraph 3 (a))
  • Information available but only partially available in the BCH
b) National laws, regulations and guidelines applicable to the import of LMOs intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing (Article 11, paragraph 5)
  • Information available but only partially available in the BCH
c) Bilateral, multilateral and regional agreements and arrangements (Articles 14, paragraph 2 and 20, paragraph 3 (b))
  • Information available but only partially available in the BCH
d) Contact details for competent national authorities (Article 19, paragraphs 2 and 3), national focal points (Article 19, paragraphs 1 and 3), and emergency contacts (Article 17, paragraph 3 (e))
  • Information available and in the BCH
e) Reports submitted by the Parties on the operation of the Protocol (Article 20, paragraph 3 (e))
  • Information available and in the BCH
f) Decisions by a Party on regulating the transit of specific living modified organisms (LMOs) (Article 6, paragraph 1)
  • Information not available
g) Occurrence of unintentional transboundary movements that are likely to have significant adverse effects on biological diversity (Article 17, paragraph 1)
  • Information not available
h) Illegal transboundary movements of LMOs (Article 25, paragraph 3)
  • Information not available
i) Final decisions regarding the importation or release of LMOs (i.e. approval or prohibition, any conditions, requests for further information, extensions granted, reasons for decision) (Articles 10, paragraph 3 and 20, paragraph 3(d))
  • Information not available
j) Information on the application of domestic regulations to specific imports of LMOs (Article 14, paragraph 4)
  • Information not available
k) Final decisions regarding the domestic use of LMOs that may be subject to transboundary movement for direct use as food or feed, or for processing (Article 11, paragraph 1)
  • Information not available
l) Final decisions regarding the import of LMOs intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing that are taken under domestic regulatory frameworks (Article 11, paragraph 4) or in accordance with annex III (Article 11, paragraph 6) (requirement of Article 20, paragraph 3(d))
  • Information not available
m) Declarations regarding the framework to be used for LMOs intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing (Article 11, paragraph 6)
  • Information not available
n) Review and change of decisions regarding intentional transboundary movements of LMOs (Article 12, paragraph 1)
  • Information not available
o) LMOs granted exemption status by each Party (Article 13, paragraph 1)
  • Information not available
p) Cases where intentional transboundary movement may take place at the same time as the movement is notified to the Party of import (Article 13, paragraph 1)
  • Information not available
q) Summaries of risk assessments or environmental reviews of LMOs generated by regulatory processes and relevant information regarding products thereof (Article 20, paragraph 3 (c))
  • Information not available
127. Has your country established a mechanism for strengthening the capacity of the BCH National Focal Point to perform its administrative functions?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
Most functions of the BCH National Focal Point directly depends on the national budgetary allocations of the host Department.
128. Has your country established a mechanism for the coordination among the BCH National Focal Point, the Cartagena Protocol focal point, and the competent national authority(ies) for making information available to the BCH?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
BCH portal accounts were created, but requires updating for CNAs
129. Does your country use the information available in the BCH in its decision making processes on LMOs?
  • Yes, always
130. Has your country experienced difficulties accessing or using the BCH?
This question is relevant to indicator 4.1.8 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
131. Is the information submitted by your country to the BCH complete and up-to date?
  • No
132. Please indicate the number of regional, national and international events organized in relation to biosafety (e.g. seminars, workshops, press conferences, educational events, etc.,) in the last 2 years:
This question is relevant to indicator 4.3.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • One or more
133. Please indicate the number of biosafety related publications that has been made available in your country in the last year:
This question is relevant to indicator 4.3.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • None
135. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 20 in your country
Informattion on biosafety specific on LMOs
National Environment Management Act, Volume 12 Cap.  72:01, 2008; PART X: INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS; Freedom of environmental information: Section 48.  (1)  Every  person  shall  have  freedom  of  access  to  any  information  relating  to  the implementation  of  the  provisions  of  this  Act  or  any   other  law  relating  to  the management of the environment submitted to the Agency. (2)  A  person  desiring  information  provided  for  in  sub- section  (1)  shall  make  an application to the Agency and may be granted access on such terms and conditions as the Agency deems fit,  (3)  Without prejudice to the provisions of sub- sections (1) and (2) the Agency may refuse access or limit the access of any person to proprietary information submitted to it or to any other Government department or agency. Gathering analysis and management of information: Section 49. (1) The Agency shall gather, analyse, manage and disseminate environmental information.  (2)  The Agency shall have access, subject to any other law, to all existing environmental information of a public nature and shall coordinate the management of environmental information. (3) The Agency shall determine deficiencies in existing environmental information and exchange information with other persons, including international organizations, non - governmental organizations and governmental agencies of other states. (4) The Agency shall, at such intervals as it deems fit, publish a state of the environment report which shall highlight the achievements of the Agency in the protection of the environment and the future challenges, problems, prospects and the strategies for addressing them. (5) The Agency may make other publications and adopt other measures and strategies for promoting public awareness of environmental issues and the need for conservation of natural resources.
Article 21 – Confidential information
136. Has your country established procedures to protect confidential information received under the Protocol?
  • Yes
137. Does your country allow the notifier to identify information that is to be treated as confidential?
  • Yes, always
138. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 21 in your country
Hazardous Chemicals & Pesticides Control & Management Act, Volume 9 Cap. 60:01, 1994; Section 45: Coverage of regulations e.g. secrecy
Article 22 – Capacity-building
139. Does your country have predictable and reliable funding for building capacity for the effective implementation of the Protocol?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.6 and 3.1.8 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
140. Has your country received external support or benefited from collaborative activities with other Parties in the development and/or strengthening of human resources and institutional capacities in biosafety?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
Funding has been made for the training of institutional conatct persons such as customs, security officers, environmet sectors and agriculture extension staff. In the same vein, NANA is constantly building capacity on nutrition related biosafety.
141. If you answered Yes to question 140, how were these resources made available?
  • Multilateral channels
142. Has your country provided support to other Parties in the development and/or strengthening of human resources and institutional capacities in biosafety?
  • No
144. Has your country ever initiated a process to access GEF funds for building capacity in biosafety?
  • No
146. Has your country ever received funding from the GEF for building capacity in biosafety?
  • Development of national biosafety frameworks
147. During the current reporting period, has your country undertaken activities for the development and/or strengthening of human resources and institutional capacities in biosafety?
  • No
149. During the current reporting period, has your country carried out a capacity-building needs assessment?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
151. Does your country still have capacity-building needs?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.7 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
152. If you answered Yes to question 151, indicate which of the following areas still need capacity-building.
  • Institutional capacity
  • Human resources capacity development and training
  • Risk assessment and other scientific and technical expertise
  • Risk management
  • Public awareness, participation and education in biosafety
  • Information exchange and data management including participation in the Biosafety Clearing-House
  • Scientific, technical and institutional collaboration at subregional, regional and international levels
  • Technology transfer
  • Identification of LMOs, including their detection
  • Socio-economic considerations
  • Implementation of the documentation requirements under Article 18.2 of the Protocol
  • Handling of confidential information
  • Measures to address unintentional and/or illegal transboundary movements of LMOs
  • Scientific biosafety research relating to LMOs
153. Has your country developed a capacity-building strategy or action plan?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
154. Does your country have in place a functional national mechanism for coordinating biosafety capacity-building initiatives?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.4 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
155. How many biosafety short-term training programmes and/or academic courses are offered annually in your country?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.3 of the Strategic Plan
  • None
156. Has your country submitted the details of national biosafety experts to the Roster of Experts in the BCH?
  • No
157. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 22 in your country, including further details about your experience in accessing GEF funds
The Gambia has elaborated NCSA for the three Rio Conventions in 2005 in collaboration with UNEP. This was only partly implemented due to inadequate funds. As a country classified among the least developed countries, it thus require steady and predictable resources for capacity building. The Gambia sought and obtained project assistance under the UNEP/GEF Project on the Development of National Biosafety Frameworks. The sub project: Development of National Biosafety Framework for The Gambia, number GFL-2328-2716-4384 started on 20th March, 2002 for an approved duration of 18 months, ending 20th September 2003
Article 23 – Public awareness and participation
158. Has your country established a strategy or put in place legislation for promoting and facilitating public awareness, education and participation concerning the safe transfer, handling and use of LMOs?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
It is mandatory that information should always be made available either through one of the channels such as gazettement, agriculture bulletin, TV & Radio, etc. as necessary.
159. Has your country designed and/or implemented an outreach/communication strategy on biosafety?
This question is relevant to indicator 5.3.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
160. Does your country have any awareness and outreach programmes on biosafety?
This question is relevant to indicator 5.3.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
162. Has your country established a biosafety website searchable archives, national resource centres or sections in existing national libraries dedicated to biosafety educational materials?
This question is relevant to indicators 2.5.3 and 5.3.3 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
163. How many collaborative initiatives (including joint activities) on the Cartagena Protocol and other Conventions and processes has your government established in the last 4 years?
This question is relevant to indicator 5.2.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • One or more
164. Has your country established a mechanism to ensure public access to information on living modified organisms that may be imported?
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
The information on LMOs available can be access by all but mainly from the concerned institutions directly . Despite, the required information is mostly not adequate and as well require good displacement to reach.
165. Has your country established a mechanism to consult the public in the decision-making process regarding LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.5.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
In making decisions, the concerned citizens or communities are consulted either through gazette, newspapers or phiscal presence to the community
166. Has your country established a mechanism to make available to the public the results of decisions taken on LMOs?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.5.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
The decisions are usually made available through the public domain  such through gazette, newspapers or physical presence to the community
167. Has your country informed the public about existing modalities for public participation in the decision-making process regarding living modified organisms?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.5.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes, to some extent
Here you may provide further details
A good number of Gambian population are not literate in the western education system, which is the offical system and the official documents are written in English language
168. If you answered Yes to question 167, please indicate the modalities used to inform the public:
This question is relevant to indicator 2.5.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Newspaper
  • Forums
  • Public hearings
  • TV, RADIO, GAZETTEMENT
169. If you indicated more than one modality for public participation in question 168, which one was most used?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.5.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Public hearings
170. Has your country taken any initiative to inform its public about the means of public access to the Biosafety Clearing-House?
  • Yes
171. How many academic institutions in your country are offering biosafety education and training courses and programmes?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.7.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • None
172. Please indicate the number of educational materials and/or online modules on biosafety that are available and accessible to the public in your country:
This question is relevant to indicators 2.7.2 and 5.3.4 of the Strategic Plan
  • One or more
173. In the current reporting period, has your country promoted and facilitated public awareness, education and participation concerning the safe transfer, handling and use of LMOs?
  • No
175. In the current reporting period, how many times has your country consulted the public in the decision-making process regarding LMOs and made the results of such decisions available to the public?
  • Never
176. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 23 in your country
Public participation is limited mainly due to language barrier. A good number of Gambian population are not literate in the western education system, which is the official system and the official documents are written in English language.
Article 24 – Non-Parties
177. Has your country entered into any bilateral, regional, or multilateral agreement with non-Parties regarding transboundary movements of LMOs?
  • No
178. Has your country ever imported LMOs from a non-Party?
  • No
179. Has your country ever exported LMOs to a non-Party?
  • No
Article 25 – Illegal transboundary movements
184. Has your country adopted domestic measures aimed at preventing and/or penalizing transboundary movements of LMOs carried out in contravention of its domestic measures to implement this Protocol?
  • Yes
185. Has your country established a strategy for detecting illegal transboundary movements of LMOs?
  • Yes
186. In the current reporting period, how many times has your country received information concerning cases of illegal transboundary movements of an LMO to or from territories under its jurisdiction?
If you replied Never to question 186 please go to question 191
  • Never
191. Here you may provide further details on the implementation of Article 25 in your country
Plant importation and regulation act, Subsidiary regulations, Volume 9 Cap. 58:01, 1963; The Regulation Section 6. Permits required, Section 7 to 9. Information required in application for permits, Section 10. Penalty and Section 11. advise to intended importers.
Hazardous Chemicals & Pesticides Control & Management Act, Volume 9 Cap. 60:01, 1994; Section 38: Offences
Biodiversity and Wildlife Act, Volume 9 Cap. 62:01, 2003; Penalty for illegal import and export, Section 76. A person who import or export, or attempts to import or export, a schedule biological resources, in contravention of the provisions of this part commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand dalasis or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both the fine and imprisonment.Part XI; Penalties in Section 82. General penalties
Fisheries Act, Volume 9 Cap. 63:01, 2008; Section 56: prohibitions and Part XII, Prohibitions. Section 68: IllegalityPart XIII, 72: Hot pursuit, 73: Power of seizure
Power to make regulations and prescribe penalties for contravention thereof. Section 88.  The Secretary of State may make regulations for all or any of the following and may specify the area or areas to which all or any regulations shall apply - (u)  regulating the export and the import of forest produce or of any specified kind of forest produce
Article 26 – Socio-economic considerations
192. Does your country have any specific approaches or requirements that facilitate how socio-economic considerations should be taken into account in LMO decision making?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.7.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • Yes
193. If your country has taken a decision on import, has it ever taken into account socio-economic considerations arising from the impact of the LMO on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity?
  • Not applicable
194. How many peer-reviewed published materials has your country used for the purpose of elaborating or determining national actions with regard to socio-economic considerations?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.7.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • One or more
195. What is your country's experience, if any, in taking socio-economic considerations into account in LMO decision making? Please give details:
This question is relevant to indicator 1.7.3 of the Strategic Plan
Socio-economic considerations are always an integral part of all the national action programmes/plans such as Vission 2020, Programme for Accelerated Growth (PAGE), National Biodiversity Action Plan (NBSAP), National Action Programme to Combert Land Degradation (NAP), Gambia National Agricultural Investigation programme (GNAIP), National Adaptation plan of Action (NAP)
196. Has your country cooperated with other Parties on research and information exchange on any socio-economic impacts of LMOs?
  • No
Article 27 – Liability and Redress
198. Has your country ratified or acceded to the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress?
  • No
199. If you answered No to question 198, is there any national process in place towards becoming a Party?
  • No
200. Has your country received any financial and/or technical assistance for capacity-building in the area of liability and redress relating to living modified organisms?
This question is relevant to indicator 2.4.1 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
201. Does your country have administrative or legal instrument that provide for response measures for damage to biodiversity resulting from living modified organisms?
This question is relevant to indicators 1.5.2 and 2.4.2 of the Strategic Plan
  • No
Article 28 – Financial Mechanism and Resources
203. How much additional funding (in the equivalent of US dollars) has your country mobilized in the last four years to support implementation of the Biosafety Protocol, beyond the regular national budgetary allocation?
This question is relevant to indicator 1.2.5 of the Strategic Plan
  • Not applicable
Article 33 – Monitoring and reporting
204. Does your country have in place a monitoring and/or an enforcement system for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol?
This question is relevant to indicator 3.1.6 of the Strategic Plan
a) Monitoring system:
  • Yes
b) Enforcement system:
  • Yes
205. Has your country submitted all the previous due National Reports?
  • No
Other information
184. Please use this field to provide any other information on issues related to national implementation of the Protocol, including any obstacles or impediments encountered.
Time frame for reporting was in adequate to enable thorough capacity building and popularization.
The 2005 boisafety framework has not been enacted and implemented due to lack of financial and technical support. It is importantant the review and enactment of the biosafety framework including the bill. In the same vein, the implementation of the protocol is generally impeded due to total lack of support. Funding is a concern in the case of the implementation of the protocol in The Gambia, as being one of the LDC. Capacity building encompassing both human resources and institutional capacity is urgently required in almost all the relevant areas as included under 148.
It would be an added added to undertake regional and international exchange visists to experience laboratory aspects
Comments on reporting format
185. Please use this field to provide any other information on difficulties that you have encountered in filling in this report
The format is very helpful to reporting parties and easy to administer. However sufficient areas could be created for more detail reports. It would be an added advantage should the administration of the form result from thematic studies. That should inculcate wider popularization and thus inculcate more commitment