This document provides guidelines for the Environmental Risk
Assessment (ERA) of Genetically Modified (GM) plants in Malaysia.
It covers ERA of applications for the cultivation of GM plants, as
well as for the import of food and feed containing or consisting of
GM plants, or produced from GM plants. It also includes a chapter
on ERA of plant-associated GM microorganisms.
These guidelines do not consider issues related to traceability,
labelling or co-existence. Neither do they cover socio-economic and
ethical issues, focusing primarily on potential environmental risks
arising from GM plants.
The guidelines cover ERA of deliberate releases into the
environment of GM plants for experimental purposes. While a formal
ERA may not be necessary in applications for the contained use of
GM plants, the guidelines nevertheless provide a framework which
helps in the decision-making as to whether such an application
should be approved or rejected.
Applications for the release, testing or importation should be made
using the appropriate forms, NBB/A/ER/10/FORM A or NBB/A/ER/10/FORM
C, which are included as Appendices 1 and 2, respectively. These
can be downloaded from the website of the Malaysian Biosafety
Clearing House of the Department of Biosafety, under the Ministry
of Natural Resources and Environment (http://www.biosafety.nre.gov.my