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Capacity Building Needs and Priorities
Record information and status
Record ID
111636
Status
Published
Date of creation
2017-02-15 12:52 UTC (annahtakombwa@gmail.com)
Date of publication
2017-02-15 13:45 UTC (jmufandaedza@gmail.com)

General Information
Country
  • Zimbabwe
Contact person
Dr. Jonathan Mufandaedza
Chief Executive Officer and Registrar
National Biotechnology Authority of Zimbabwe (NBA)
21 Princess Drive
Newlands
Harare, Harare Metropolitan Province
Zimbabwe, +263
Phone:+263 776 90 1997
Fax:+263 4 782856/9
Email:jmufandaedza@gmail.com
Url:National Biotechnology Authority
Areas of capacity building
Broad areas in which capacity is needed
  • Institutional capacity
  • Human resources capacity development and training
  • Risk assessment and other scientific and technical expertise
  • Risk management
  • Public awareness, participation and education in biosafety
  • Information exchange and data management including participation in the Biosafety Clearing-House
  • Scientific, technical and institutional collaboration at subregional, regional and international levels
  • Technology transfer
  • Identification of LMOs, including their detection
  • Socio-economic considerations
  • Implementation of the documentation requirements under Article 18.2 of the Protocol
  • Handling of confidential information
  • Measures to address unintentional and/or illegal transboundary movements of LMOs
  • Scientific biosafety research relating to LMOs
  • Taking into account risks to human health
  • Liability and redress
Needs and priorities
Specific needs and priorities
  • Development of a national biosafety policy
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • General public
  • Development of national biosafety laws and regulations
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • General public
  • Guidance on mainstreaming of biosafety into other sectors
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Development of a national liability and redress regime
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Not addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Support for implementation of the national biosafety framework
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Streamlining of regulatory systems related to biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Tools for enforcement of biosafety laws and regulations
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Development of administrative systems for handling applications for import and/or release of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Mechanisms for inter-institutional communication
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Mechanism for coordination among national regulatory authorities and processes
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Customs officials
  • System for magement of records related to LMO import applications and decisions
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Infrastructure support
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • System for decision-making on LMOs (procedures and guidelines)
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Access to information communication technologies (ICTs)
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Infrastructure support
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Biosafety research facilities (e.g. greenhouses)
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technicians (e.g. in the laboratories)
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Internet connectivity
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Infrastructure support
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
  • Office facilities, equipment and supplies for biosafety work
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Telecommunication facilities (e.g. telephone, fax, e-mail)
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
  • Access to information on available funding sources
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technicians (e.g. in the laboratories)
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Budgeting and financial management skills
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Resource mobilisation skills (including project proposal writing)
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • System for resource-recovery (e.g. system for collecting fees on applications)
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Infrastructure support
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Customs officials
  • System for tracking and dealing with unintentional or illegal transboundary movements
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Customs officials
  • Mechanism for inspections and enforcement of biosafety laws
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • System for post-release monitoring of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Not addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Access to information on existing academic training programmes in biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Membership with professional bodies / networks
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Access to biosafety training materials
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Access to information on staff exchange/on-the-job-training opportunities
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in biosafety legislation and policy development and practice
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Training in scientific and technical fields relevant to biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Scholarships / fellowships
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Graduate and undergraduate students
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in legal, social and economic fields relevant to biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Scholarships / fellowships
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Other professionals (e.g. lawyers, economists, etc.)
  • Training in basics of biosafety and modern biotechnology
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Training in risk assessment
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Graduate and undergraduate students
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in risk management
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in biosafety regulatory issues
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Clearing agents, importers, exporters and local producers
  • Training in biosafety communication
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Training in LMO sampling and detection
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technicians (e.g. in the laboratories)
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in post-release monitoring of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Not addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Biosafety research
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Scholarships / fellowships
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Graduate and undergraduate students
  • Training in administrative practices for handling LMO import and release applications
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
    • Customs officials
  • Training in preparation and presentation of LMO export or release applications/dossiers
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Training in socio-economic considerations relating to LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Training in cost/benefit analysis as part of the risk management strategy
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Other professionals (e.g. lawyers, economists, etc.)
  • Training in documentation and identification requirements for LMO shipments
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Training in compliance requirements under the Protocol
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in liability and redress issues under the Protocol
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Guidance on other international agreements relevant to biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Access to basic ecological data to support risk assessments
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Guidance documents on specific aspects of risk assessment
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Guidance on how to perform risk assessment
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Graduate and undergraduate students
  • National risk management system/strategy
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • System to detect and appropriately respond to unintentional LMO releases
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Guidance on different risk management measures
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Mechanisms for cooperation in risk management
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • National framework/system for post-release monitoring of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Tools and methodologies for environmental monitoring of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technicians (e.g. in the laboratories)
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Biosafety awareness materials
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Biosafety awareness and education programmes
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • General public
  • Biosafety documentation units or reference libraries
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Academia
  • Facilities for public access to biosafety information and means of access to the Biosafety Clearing-House
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • General public
  • National biosafety website
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Biosafety outreach strategy/ communication plan
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Training in risk-communication
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Systems for public participation in biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Mass media / extension workers
    • General public
  • National system (policy, procedures and mechanisms) for biosafety information management
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
  • Equipment (hardware and software) to facilitate national participation in the BCH
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
  • Establishment of national biosafety databases
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Interoperability with the BCH central portal
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Non-Internet access to the BCH
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Systems for data and information security and back-up
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Systems for data validation and quality control
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Mechanism for biosafety information gathering and reporting
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in the use and management of the BCH central portal
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Conferences and other fora
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Mechanisms for regional cooperation
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in collaboration techniques and approaches
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Training in negotiation skills
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Access to information on available technologies relevant for biosafety
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Conferences and other fora
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
    • Mass media / extension workers
  • Enabling policy/regulatory framework for technology transfer
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Membership with professional bodies / networks
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Establishment of technology information platforms
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • National framework and action plan for technology transfer
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Public–private partnerships for technology development
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
    • Other professionals (e.g. lawyers, economists, etc.)
  • Laboratory for LMO detection and analysis
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Equipment
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technicians (e.g. in the laboratories)
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Guidance on unique identification systems
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Simple/quick LMO test kits
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technicians (e.g. in the laboratories)
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • National system for taking into account socio-economic considerations in decision-making regarding LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Interest groups (consumer groups, farmers, NGOs, etc.)
  • Guidance on taking into account socio-economic considerations in decision-making concerning LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Guidance / training materials
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Mechanisms for cooperation on research on socio-economic impacts of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Development of LMO traceability systems
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • Establishment of identity preservation systems
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Minimally addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • National system for inspection and verification of documentation accompanying LMO shipments
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Funding support
    • Exchange programmes, internships, study tours, etc.
    • Scholarships / fellowships
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Enforcement officials (e.g. field inspectors)
  • National system for managing and protecting confidential information
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Training in biosafety record keeping and information security
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Partially addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • IT, BCH and data / information managers
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
  • Guidance on assessment risks of LMOs to human health
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists
    • Graduate and undergraduate students
  • Regulatory framework for addressing human health impacts of LMOs
    Extent of implementationPreferred meansMajor target groups
    • Adequately addressed
    • Education and training
    • Funding support
    • Technical assistance and advice
    • Decision / policy-makers (e.g. Ministers)
    • Government regulators / administrators
    • Technical personnel / Scientists