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Modified Organism
Petunia modified for altered flower colour
Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2017-07-13 14:45 UTC (german_bch@bvl.bund.de)
Date of publication
2017-07-17 14:59 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

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Living Modified Organism identity
The image below identifies the LMO through its unique identifier, trade name and a link to this page of the BCH. Click on it to download a larger image on your computer. For help on how to use it go to the LMO quick-links page.

LMO name
Petunia modified for altered flower colour
Transformation event
Unauthorized petunias that have been modified for altered flower color were found and tested for the presence of introduced genetic elements.

The petunias tested positive for the presence of several genetic elements: CS-dfr-MAIZE, P-35S-CaMV, P-nos-RHIRD, T-35S-CaMV, CS-nptII-ECOLX and T-ocs-RHIRD.

They also tested positive for the junctions between the elements P-nos-RHIRD to CS-nptII-ECOLX and P-35S-CaMV to CS-dfr-MAIZE.
Recipient Organism or Parental Organisms
The term Recipient organism refers to an organism (either already modified or non-modified) that was subjected to genetic modification, whereas Parental organisms refers to those that were involved in cross breeding or cell fusion.
Petunia hybrida - Petunia, PETHY
Related LMOs
Petunia with a modified flower colour
MPIPZ Changes in quality and/or metabolite content - Pigmentation / Coloration Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin
Characteristics of the transformation process
Introduced or modified genetic elements
Some of these genetic elements may be present as fragments or truncated forms. Please see notes below, where applicable.
CaMV 35S promoter - Cauliflower mosaic virus - CaMV
CaMV 35S terminator - Cauliflower mosaic virus - CaMV
Neomycin Phosphotransferase II - Escherichia coli - ECOLX
Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin
Dihydroflavonol-4-reductase - Zea mays - Maize, Corn, MAIZE
Changes in quality and/or metabolite content - Pigmentation / Coloration
Octopine Synthase Gene Terminator - Agrobacterium tumefaciens - Agrobacterium
Nopaline Synthase Gene Promoter - Agrobacterium tumefaciens - Agrobacterium
Notes regarding the genetic elements introduced or modified in this LMO
In addition to CS-dfr-MAIZE the petunias have been tested positive for several of the listed genetic elements. The order of the genetic elements in these gm petunia varieties is not known. Moreover, it is possible that further genetic elements are present in one or more of the gm petunia varieties.

The insert of the petunia varieties Bonnie Orange/African Sunset were fully characterised by Bashandy et. al. In these varieties the elements are arranged in the following order: P-35S-CaMV; CS-dfr-MAIZE; T-35S-CaMV; P-nos-RHIRD; CS-nptII-ECOLX; T-ocs-RHIRD.
LMO characteristics
Modified traits
Common use(s)
  • Ornamental
Detection method(s)
Additional information
There are no event specific methods available. However, element specific and construct-specific methods are available in the EUginius database.
Additional Information
Additional Information
The precise identity and origin of the LM petunia is unknown and, as such, no developer is listed for this LMO.

A list of all currently known genetically modified petunia varieties identified in Germany or in the Netherlands is provided below.

Bashandy et. al sequenced the petunia variety Bonnie Orange/African Sunset insert; the sequencing results are available at GenBank (KY964325.1).

Records referencing this document (3)
3record(s) found
Country's Decision or any other Communication3 records