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Country's Decision or any other Communication
Record information and status
Record ID
112278
Status
Published
Date of creation
2017-07-17 06:57 UTC (german_bch@bvl.bund.de)
Date of publication
2017-07-25 13:32 UTC (ursula.monnerjahn@bmel.bund.de)

This document is also available in the following languages:
General information
Country submitting the decision or communication
  • Germany
Competent National Authority(ies) responsible for the decision or communication
Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety
Mauerstrasse 39-42
Berlin
Germany, 10117
Phone:+49-(0)3018-445-6500
Fax:+49-(0)3018-445-6099
Email:german_bch@bvl.bund.de
Url:http://www.biosafety-bch.de (english language),BVL Homepage (English)
Title / Reference number of the decision or communication
Placing on the market of unauthorised genetically modified garden petunia varieties (Petunia x hybrida) in spring 2017
Is the decision taken prior to entry into force of the Protocol?
No
Jurisdiction
  • European Union
Is this an amendment to a previous decision / communication?
No
Decision or communication details
Subject(s) of the decision
  • Notification of a transboundary movement of an LMO carried out in contravention of domestic measures to implement the Protocol (Article 25.3)
LMO identification
Petunia modified for altered flower colour
Changes in quality and/or metabolite content - Pigmentation / Coloration Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin
Show detection method(s)
Petunia modified for altered flower colour
Changes in quality and/or metabolite content - Pigmentation / Coloration Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin
Show detection method(s)
Additional Information
Additional Information
In April 2017 the Finnish Food Safety Authority EVIRA detected non-authorized GM-petunia on the market. Since those petunias had been delivered from Germany and the Netherlands German supervisory authorities took petunia samples at different points of the production chain in Germany for analysis. Confirmed interim results tested various petunia varieties positive for genetic modifications. Genetic elements that were detected by official analyses are P-35S-CaMV, P-nos-RHIRD, T-35S-CaMV, CS-nptII-ECOLX, T-ocs-RHIRD, T-nos-RHIRD and the junctions between the elements P-nos-RHIRD to CS-nptII-ECOLX and from P-35S-CaMV to CS-dfr-MAIZE and from P-35S-CaMV to CS-F35H-PETHY and on to T-nos-RHIRD.

Petunia belong to the genus Solanaceae and originate from South America (temperate to subtropical climate zone). In Central-Europe petunia is a popular ornamental plant. Dissemination and establishment is not recorded in natural ecosystems in Europe. Contrarily to other Solanaceen species in Europe (n=12) petunia carries a chromosome set of n=7 and is not compatible for crossing, therefore. Pollen transfer does not result in crossbreeding to endemic species.
As a result of a preliminary risk assessment of the Central Committee on Biological Safety (ZKBS) it can be said that the here described identified genetically modified petunia pose a neglible risk to humans, animals and the environment.