In April 2017 the Finnish Food Safety Authority EVIRA detected
non-authorized GM-petunia on the market. Since those petunias had
been delivered from Germany and the Netherlands German supervisory
authorities took petunia samples at different points of the
production chain in Germany for analysis. Confirmed interim results
tested various petunia varieties positive for genetic
modifications. Genetic elements that were detected by official
analyses are P-35S-CaMV, P-nos-RHIRD, T-35S-CaMV, CS-nptII-ECOLX,
T-ocs-RHIRD, T-nos-RHIRD and the junctions between the elements
P-nos-RHIRD to CS-nptII-ECOLX and from P-35S-CaMV to CS-dfr-MAIZE
and from P-35S-CaMV to CS-F35H-PETHY and on to T-nos-RHIRD.
Petunia belong to the genus Solanaceae and originate from South
America (temperate to subtropical climate zone). In Central-Europe
petunia is a popular ornamental plant. Dissemination and
establishment is not recorded in natural ecosystems in Europe.
Contrarily to other Solanaceen species in Europe (n=12) petunia
carries a chromosome set of n=7 and is not compatible for crossing,
therefore. Pollen transfer does not result in crossbreeding to
As a result of a preliminary risk assessment of the Central
Committee on Biological Safety (ZKBS) it can be said that the here
described identified genetically modified petunia pose a neglible
risk to humans, animals and the environment.