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Law, Regulation or Guideline
Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2019-02-28 12:22 UTC (sujata@nic.in)
Date of publication
2019-02-28 12:22 UTC (sujata@nic.in)

General Information
  • India
Title of document
Environment Protection Act
Legislative details
Type of document
  • National Law
Subject areas
  • Contained use
  • Handling, transport, packaging and identification
  • Human and/or Animal Health
  • Illegal transboundary movements
  • Intentional introduction into the environment (AIA)
  • Liability and redress
  • LMOs for direct use as feed
  • LMOs for direct use as food
  • LMOs for processing
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Risk assessment and management
Types of LMOs addressed
  • All types of organisms
Brief description of the document including objective and scope:
This is an Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected therewith.

- (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government, shall have the power to take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and preventing controlling and abating environmental pollution.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of subsection (1), such measures may include measures with respect to all or any of the following matters, namely:-

(i) co-ordination of actions by the State Governments, officers and other authorities-
(a) under this Act, or the rules made thereunder, or
(b) under any other law for the time being in force which is relatable to the objects of this Act;
(ii) planning and execution of a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution;
(iii) laying down standards for the quality of environment in its various aspects;
(iv) laying down standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources whatsoever: Provided that different standards for emission or discharge may be laid down under this clause from different sources having regard to the quality or composition of the emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from such sources;
(v) restriction of areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards;
(vi) laying down procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents which may cause environmental pollution and remedial measures for such accidents;
(vii) laying down procedures and safeguards for the handling of hazardous substances;
(viii) examination of such manufacturing processes, materials and substances as are likely to cause environmental pollution;
(ix) carrying out and sponsoring investigations and research relating to problems of environmental pollution;
(x) inspection of any premises, plant, equipment, machinery, manufacturing or other processes, materials or substances and giving, by order, of such directions to such authorities, officers or persons as it may consider
necessary to take steps for the prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution;
(xi) establishment or recognition of environmental laboratories and institutes to carry out the functions entrusted to such environmental laboratories and institutes under this Act;
(xii) collection and dissemination of information in respect of matters relating to environmental pollution;
(xiii) preparation of manuals, codes or guides relating to the prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution;
(xiv) such other matters as the Central Government deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of securing the effective implementation of the provisions of this Act.
Regulatory contact information
Contact person
Dr Sujata Arora
2nd Floor, Vayu Block, Indira Paryavaran Bhawan, Jorbagh
New Delhi, Delhi
India, 110003
Additional Information
Other relevant website address or attached documents