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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2019-05-29 16:48 UTC (cjg072@mail.usask.ca)
Date of publication
2019-07-04 20:12 UTC (austein.mcloughlin@cbd.int)

General Information
Canadian regulatory perspectives on genome engineered crops
Stuart J. Smyth, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Author’s contact information
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
New breeding techniques in plant agriculture exploded upon the scene about two years ago, in 2014. While these innovative plant breeding techniques, soon to be led by CRISPR/Cas9, initially appear to hold tremendous promise for plant breeding, if not a revolution for the industry, the question of how the products of these technologies will be regulated is rapidly becoming a key aspect of the technology's future potential. Regulation of innovative technologies and products has always lagged that of the science, but in the past decade, regulatory systems in many jurisdictions have become gridlocked as they try to regulate genetically modified (GM) crops. This regulatory incapability to efficiently assess and approve innovative new agricultural products is particularly important for new plant breeding techniques as if these techniques are classified as genetically modified breeding techniques, then their acceptance and future will diminish considerably as they will be rejected by the European Union. Conversely, if the techniques are accepted as conventional plant breeding, then the future is blindingly bright. This article examines the international debate about the regulation of new plant breeding techniques and then assesses how the Canadian regulatory system has approached the regulation of these technologies through two more public product approvals, GM apples and GM potatoes, then discusses other crop variety approval and those in the regulatory pipeline.
Thematic areas
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
ISSN: 2164-5698 print / 2164-5701; online DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2016.1257468
Publisher and its location
Published with license by Taylor & Francis©
© 2017 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis© Stuart J. Smyth
10 pages
GM Crops & Food, 8:35-43, 2017
Keywords and any other relevant information
biotechnology, gene editing, GM apples, GM potatoes, innovation, regulation, risk