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Modified Organism
SYN-BTØ11-1 × MON-89Ø34-3 - Herbicide tolerant, insect resistant maize
Record information and status
Record ID
115596
Status
Published
Date of creation
2020-06-04 13:57 UTC (austein.mcloughlin@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2020-06-04 13:57 UTC (austein.mcloughlin@cbd.int)

Living Modified Organism identity
The image below identifies the LMO through its unique identifier, trade name and a link to this page of the BCH. Click on it to download a larger image on your computer. For help on how to use it go to the LMO quick-links page.

LMO name
Herbicide tolerant, insect resistant maize
Transformation event
Bt11 × MON89034
Unique identifier
SYN-BTØ11-1 × MON-89Ø34-3
Developer(s)
Syngenta Seeds GmbH
Syngenta Seeds GmbH
Zum Knipkenbach 20
Bad Salzuflen
Germany, 32107
Phone:+49 52 22 5308-0
Fax:+49 52 22 5308-12
Email:info.seeds@syngenta.com
Url:Syngenta Seeds Germany
Description
The modified maize event was a result of cross-breeding modified parental lines and demonstrates herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. For Lepidoptera resistance, the maize expresses Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab, Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2. In addition to the insecticidal proteins, the maize also expresses Streptomyces viridochromogenes phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase for glufosinate tolerance.
Recipient Organism or Parental Organisms
The term Recipient organism refers to an organism (either already modified or non-modified) that was subjected to genetic modification, whereas Parental organisms refers to those that were involved in cross breeding or cell fusion.
Zea mays - Maize, Corn, MAIZE
SYN-BTØ11-1 - YieldGard™ maize
Resistance to diseases and pests - Insects - Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) Resistance to herbicides - Glufosinate
Show detection method(s)
MON-89Ø34-3 - YieldGard™ VT Pro™
Resistance to diseases and pests - Insects - Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)
Show detection method(s)
Characteristics of the transformation process
Vector
pZO1502; PV-ZMIR245
Techniques used for the modification
  • Cross breeding
Genetic elements construct
 
CaMV 35S promoter
0.51 Kb
 
 
Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1, intron 6
0.47 Kb
 
 
Cry1Ab
1.85 Kb
 
 
Nopaline Synthase Gene Terminator
0.25 Kb
 
 
CaMV 35S promoter
0.42 Kb
 
 
Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1, intron 2
0.18 Kb
 
 
Phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase gene
0.55 Kb
 
 
Nopaline Synthase Gene Terminator
0.25 Kb
 
 
Ti plasmid left border repeat
0.24 Kb
 
 
CaMV Enhanced 35S promoter
0.30 Kb
 
 
5' untranslated leader from chlorophyll a/b-binding protein
0.06 Kb
 
 
Rice actin 1, intron
0.48 Kb
 
 
Cry1A.105
3.53 Kb
 
 
Heat shock protein 17.3 terminator
0.21 Kb
 
 
FMV 35S promoter
0.56 Kb
 
 
Hsp70 intron
0.80 Kb
 
 
Transit peptide and first intron of Rubisco SSU
0.40 Kb
 
 
Cry2Ab2
1.91 Kb
 
 
Nopaline Synthase Gene Terminator
0.25 Kb
 
 
Ti plasmid right border repeat
0.23 Kb
 
Further details
Notes regarding the genetic elements introduced or modified in this LMO
DNA insert from Bt11 vector pZO1502
Transcription of the Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ab gene is under control of the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus (CaMV) 35S promoter and the Agrobacterium tumefaciens nopaline synthase (nos) terminator. The transcript initially contains Zea mays alcohol dehydrogenase 1 intron 6, which enhance gene expression.

Transcription of the Streptomyces viridochromogenes phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (pat) is under control of the CaMV 35S promoter and nos terminator. The transcript initially contains Zea mays alcohol dehydrogenase 1 intron 2 to enhance gene expression.

Note:
- The CaMV promoter associated with cry1Ab, was isolated from the CM1841 strain of CaMV using DdeI restriction digestion. However, the DdeI sites were converted into SacI sites.
- The CaMV promoter associated with pat was isolated from the Cabb-S strain of CaMV (AluI to DdeI fragment) and subsequently modified.
- The cry1Ab coding sequence encodes a truncated version corresponding to the N-terminal 615 amino acids of the full length Cry1Ab gene.
- The cloning of pat did not result in any amino acid sequence changes in the parental line.
- The nos terminator corresponds to the 423 to 678 basepairs of the nopaline synthase gene in A. tumefaciens.

DNA insert from MON89034 vector PV-ZMIR245:
Maize line MON89034 expresses two Bt-toxins encoded by Bacillus thuringiensis cry1A.105  and cry2Ab2.

Transcription of cry1A.105 begins at the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus (CaMV) Enhanced 35S promoter and finishes at the wheat (Triticum aestivum) wheat heat shock protein 17.3 terminator. The transcript initially includes (5' to 3'): wheat 5' untranslated leader from the chlorophyll a/b-binding protein, Oryza sativa (rice) actin 1 intron and Cry1A.105. The wheat 5' untranslated leader sequence and the rice intron enhance the expression of cry1A.105.

Transcription of cry2Ab2 commences from the Figwort Mosaic Virus (FMV) 35S promoter and terminates at the Agrobacterium tumefaciens nopaline synthase (nos) terminator. The transcript initially includes (5' to 3'): maize heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) intron, maize transit peptide and first intron from the small subunit of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and cry2Ab32. The hsp70 regulates and enhances gene expression, while the transit peptide targets Cry2Ab2 to the chloroplast.

Note:
- The viral promoters are expected to be constitutively active and promote high levels of transcription.
- The coding sequence of cry2Ab2 was codon-optimized for expression within plant systems.
- A second T-DNA insertion (containing CaMV 35S promoter, Escherichia coli neomycin phosphotransferase and A. tumefaciens nos  terminator) was initially inserted into the genome for kanamycin selection during transformation. However, once transformants were regenerated, the selectable marker was bred out of the parental line using convention breeding techniques.
- Southern blot analyses indicated a single copy of the cry1A.105 and the cry2Ab2 cassettes. No backbone plasmid DNA or nptII sequences were detected. PCR and DNA sequence analyses provided the complete DNA sequence of the insert and confirmed the organization of the elements within the insert. Furthermore, sequence analysis indicated that MON 89034 no longer has the duplicated enhancer elements compared to the original e35S promoter in PV-ZMIR245, possibly due to a recombination event that resulted in its deletion.

For more information, please refer to the parental records.
LMO characteristics
Modified traits
Common use(s)
  • Food
  • Feed
Additional Information
Other relevant website address or attached documents