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Organism
Record information and status
Record ID
12081
Status
Published
Date of creation
2006-04-04 14:01 UTC (kirsty.mclean.consultant@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2014-02-27 14:07 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2014-02-27 14:07 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

Organism information
Scientific name
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Taxonomic Classification
KingdomBacteria
PhylumProteobacteria
ClassAlphaproteobacteria
OrderRhizobiales
FamilyRhizobiaceae
GenusAgrobacterium
Speciestumefaciens
Scientific name synonyms(s)
Rhizobium radiobacter
Common name(s)
Agrobacterium
Rhizobium
RHIRD
Additional Classification
Type of organism
  • Bacteria
Additional Information
Additional Information
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a species of bacteria that causes tumors (commonly known as 'galls' or 'crown galls') in dicots. This bacterium causes crown gall by inserting a small segment of DNA (known as the T-DNA, for 'transfer DNA') into the plant cell, which is incorporated at a semi-random location into the plant genome.

A. tumefaciens is commonly used as a vector to introduce DNA carried on a plasmid into a recipient organism. The vector is 'disarmed' since it lacks the genes which encode the tumorigenic functions of A. tumefaciens. This type of vector has been used frequently for introducing new genes into plants without causing biosafety concerns: the procedures used generally ensure that no Agrobacterium remains in the regenerated transgenic plants.
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Records referencing this document (15)
IDDescription
15record(s) found
Gene and DNA Sequence15 records