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Law, Regulation or Guideline
Record information and status
Record ID
26
Status
Published
Date of creation
2001-11-27 15:57 UTC (helmut.gaugitsch@umweltbundesamt.at)
Date of last update
2018-05-15 11:41 UTC (anita.greiter@umweltbundesamt.at)
Date of publication
2018-05-15 11:41 UTC (anita.greiter@umweltbundesamt.at)

General Information
Country
  • Austria
Title of document
Austrian GMO-Act (Gentechnikgesetz BGBl. Nr. 510/1994, i.d.F. BGBl. I Nr. 112/2016)
Legislative details
Type of document
  • National Law
Subject areas
  • Contained use
  • Handling, transport, packaging and identification
  • Intentional introduction into the environment (AIA)
  • LMOs for direct use as feed
  • LMOs for direct use as food
  • LMOs for processing
  • Public awareness and participation
  • Transboundary movement (import/export)
  • Transit
Types of LMOs addressed
  • All types of organisms
Brief description of the document including objective and scope:
The objective of the Austrian Law on Genetic Engineering is to ensure the protection of human health and the environment from adverse effects resulting from applications of living modified organisms which were produced with GM technology and GMO products derived from LMOs. Furthermore the law aims to establish a legal framework to assist scientific research in the field of Biotechnology, as well as the development and the application of GMO products for the good of mankind.

The framework law regulates contained use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), deliberate release of GMOs into the environment, the placing on the market of products that are produced from GMOs or contain GMOs. Furthermore the legislation applies to applications of GM technology in human medicine, such as gene analysis and gene therapy. The act lays down the rules for the establishment and operation of a special Advisory Board on Genetechnology (Gentechnikkommission) and its three scientific committees. Separate sections regulate liability for damages due to applications of GMOs or GM technology, outline the establishment of coexistence measures and establish sanctions for offenses against the law.
Date of entry into force
1995-01-01
Document details
Document text
DE
Gentechnikgesetz.pdf (753 KB)
Consolidated text of the Austrian GMO Act (Gentechnikgesetz). This regulation is the core element of the Austrian national Biosafety framework at the federal level. The text in German language incorporates all amendmends until the most recent one from January 2006. Currently no official translation is available for the GMO Act.
EN
Austrian GMO Act.pdf (753 KB)
Consolidated text of the Austrian GMO Act (Gentechnikgesetz). This regulation is the core element of the Austrian national Biosafety framework at the federal level. The text in German language incorporates all amendmends until the most recent one from January 2006. Currently no official translation is available for the GMO Act.
Unofficial documents
EN
http://bmg.gv.at/home/Schwerpunkte/Gentechnik/Fachinformation_Allgemeines/Description_of_Austrian_Regulations_on_Genetic_Engineering
Description of the Austrian Regulations on Genetic Engineering. This document published by the Austrian Federal Ministry for Health (BMG), the Austrian lead competent authority for applications of LMOs, describes the Austrian Biosafety framework. It lists and describes the individual regulations which apply to LMOs on a federal as well as regional level. It furthermore describes the regulation introduced for the labelling of foods produced without LMOs.
Regulatory contact information
Contact person
Austrian Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Health and Consumer Protection
Radetzkystrasse 2
Vienna
Austria, 1030
Phone:+43 1 71100-644486
Email:dietmar.vybiral@bmgf.gv.at
Url:Austrian Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Health and Consumer Protection
Additional Information
Additional Information
The European Directives 90/219/EEC and 90/220/EEC have been implemented by the Austrian Law on Genetic Engineering (in force since 1 January 1995 and amended 22 May 1998). Directives 98/81/EC and 2001/18/EC were transposed with further amendments in 2002, 2004 and 2005. The following additional Regulations (Ordinances) complement the framework law:

1) March 1996 (amended November 2002) : Ordinance on Work with GMOs in Contained Use ("Systemverordnung");

2) February 1997 (amended August 2005): Ordinance on Deliberate Release of GMOs into the Environment ("Freisetzungsverordnung");

3) February 1997 (amended May 1998): Ordinance on Public Hearings ("Anhörungsverordnung");

4) November 1997: Ordinance on the Limitation of GMO Emissions with Liquid Effluents ("AEV Gentechnik");

5) July 1998: Ordinance on the Protection of Employees against Hazards caused by Biological Agents ("Verordnung biologische Arbeitsstoffe"):

6) May 2001: Ordinance on Genetically Modified Seed ("Saatgut-Gentechnik-Verordnung);

7) May 2005: Ordinance on Arable Land for the Production of Seed ("Saatgut-Anbaugebiete-Verordnung");

8) April 2006: Ordinance on GMO-Registers ("Gentechnik-Registerverordnung");

9) January 2006: Ordinance on Labelling of Products which Contain or Consist of GMOs ("Gentechnik-Kennzeichnungsverordnung");

Austria introduced as safeguard measures according to Directives 90/220/EEC and 2001/18/EC national bans on the use of four specific GMOs with the following ordinances:

1) February 1997: Ordinance prohibiting the use and sale of the Bt-Maize 176;

2) June 1999: Ordinance prohibiting the cultivation of Bt-Maize MON810;

3) April 2000: Ordinance prohibiting the placing on the market of herbicide tolerant maize T25;

4) April 2006: Ordinance prohibiting the placing on the market of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape GT73;

Relevant other regulations include:

1) a revision in the year 2000 on the Federal Law on Environmental Impact Assessment, which also covers certain activities with genetically modified micro-organisms in contained use (risk class 3, large scale), and
the Federal Law on Environmental Information;

2) specific laws by the Austrian Federal Länder enaced in the timespan from November 2004 to September 2005 to ensure coexistence in their territories ("Gentechnikvorsorgegesetze der Bundesländer");

In April 1998 the Austrian Codex Alimentarius Commission has adopted a guideline on criteria for labelling food as "gene technology-free". The websites of the Competent National Authorities contain relevant information, including databases and legal texts in German language. A summary of the Austrian National Biosafety Framework in English is available.

Amendments:

1998-05-22
2002-06-25
2004-11-16
2005-11-18
2006-01-20
Other relevant website address or attached documents

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