This report focuses on the implementation of the Plant Protection
Act. The focus is largely on forest trees, as opposed to fruit
trees, ornamental trees, or trees oriented to bioremediation. The
perspective examined is multiple and includes: a description of the
Act and how it is being implemented by APHIS; the reactions to the
regulations by a variety of groups including tree breeders and
developers; users of both the prospective unregulated products,
that is, both tree germplasm and products from transgenic wood;
environmentalists; and others.
The report describes the implementation and outcomes of procedures
related to the authorized field tests for transgenic trees and a
description of the types of tests and how they are evaluated. The
report also evaluates the potential environmental benefits and
concerns of transgenic trees.