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Information Resource
Record information and status
Record ID
48402
Status
Published
Date of creation
2009-03-13 16:29 UTC (andrew.bowers@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2012-05-08 19:22 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-05-08 19:22 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Title
Science-based risk assessment for non-target effects of transgenic crops
Author
DAVID A. ANDOW AND ANGELIKA HILBECK
Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
D. A. Andow
Department of Entomology
University of Minnesota
219 Hodson Hall
St Paul, MN
United States of America, 55108
Email:dandow@umn.edu
Language(s)
  • English
Publication date
2004-07
Subject
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Author's Abstract:

Nontarget risk assessment for transgenic crops should be case specific, depending on the plant, the transgene, and the intended release environment. We propose an ecological risk-assessment model that preserves the strengths and avoids the deficiencies of two other commonly used models, the ecotoxicology and nonindigenous-species models. In this model, locally occurring nontarget species are classified into  groups according to their ecological function.Within each group, ecological criteria are used to select the species that are most likely to be affected by the transgenic crop. Initial experimental assessments are conducted in the laboratory and consist of two kinds of test: toxicity tests using purified transgene product, and whole-plant tests using intact transgenic plants. For nontarget natural enemy species, it will also be important to evaluate both direct bitrophic impacts and indirect tritrophic impacts.
Thematic areas
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Yes
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
Publisher and its location
American Institute of Biological Sciences
Rights
© 2004 American Institute of Biological Sciences
Format
13-page article
PDF
Source
Bioscience
Keywords and any other relevant information
transgenic plants, risk assessment, nontarget effects, ecotoxicology, nonindigenous species
LMO categories: Plants