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Organism
Record information and status
Record ID
48969
Status
Published
Date of creation
2009-06-20 19:05 UTC (manoela.miranda@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2014-02-10 20:24 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2014-02-10 20:24 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

Organism information
Scientific name
Gallid herpesvirus 2
Taxonomic Classification
OrderHerpesvirales
FamilyHerpesviridae
GenusMardivirus
SpeciesGallid herpesvirus 2
Scientific name synonyms(s)
Marek's disease virus type 1, MDV1, GaHV-2, GAHVM
Additional Classification
Type of organism
  • Viruses
Characteristics related to biosafety
Known pathogenicity and/or allergenicity
The gallid herpesvirus 2 is an alphaherpesvirus that causes Marek's disease, a highly contagious viral neoplastic disease in chickens.

Marek's Disease (MD) is a viral neoplasia affecting young birds, characterized by tumors that may be found in the birds guts, central and peripheral nervous system, skin and globe of the eye. The disease is also  characterized by presence of T cell lymphoma as well as infiltration of nerves and organs by lymphocytes. Birds infected with GaHV-2 can be carriers and shedders of the virus for life.

After infection, microscopic lesions are present after one to two weeks, and gross lesions are present after three to four weeks. The virus is spread in dander from feather follicles and transmitted by inhalation. Symptoms in practically all forms of the disease frequently lead to prostration, paralysis and eventually death.

There are three serotypes, one virulent in chicken (MDV1) and two avirulent found in chicken (MDV2/ GaHV3) and turkeys (Meleagrid herpesvirus 1/ Turkey Herpesvirus/ HVT/ MDV3). Virulent serotype 1 is oncogenic and causes T cell lymphomas and peripheral nerves demyelization in chicken.  MDV1 is the only one of these viruses known to be pathogenic and due to the antigenic similarity between the three viruses the other two have been used to vaccinate against Marek's disease. These viruses have double stranded DNA genomes with no RNA intermediate.

Marek's Disease is easily transmitted and characterizes by displaying particles associated to, or inside the, host cell after its replication. The infection route is usually respiratory. This disease has harmful effects in the poultry farming since 1970, but is controllable by immunization.

Additional Information
Other relevant website address or attached documents

Records referencing this document (3)
IDDescription
3record(s) found
Gene and DNA Sequence1 record
Modified Organism2 records