This is a collaborative project (see collaborating organizations
above) designed to assess the agricultural and ecological impacts
of introducing GM crops and to build capacity in the field of risk
assessment/risk analysis. It is funded by the Danida Programme on
Enhancement of Research Capacity (ENRECA). Phase 1 of the project
started in December 2004 and will last three years.
The project has three components: 1) Training Activities; 2)
Biosafety Training Laboratory; 3) Research on Biosafety of GM
crops. For more details, see 'National Level Activities'
National level activities
Human resources development:
(1) MSc and PhD-level educational training on agricultural and
environmental impacts of GM plants, through joint African-Danish
supervision at the local universities/research institutes.
Currently 4 PhD and 6 MSc students are working on their Theses in
the 3 partner countries.
(2) Specialist biosafety courses have been developed and held in
Kenya. The second course is to takeplace in July 2007 in
A GM Biosafety Level 2 glasshouse is under construction at KARI,
Kenya, a Gm detection training laboratory at the University of
Nairobi, Kenya; an Arthropod Biosafety and quarantine Laboratory
was developed in Uganda, and a training lab + Gm glasshouse is
under construction at the Univ. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
*Research on Biosafety of GM crops:
Of the ongoing projects, 3 are in entomology, 3 in weed science, 3
in gene flow/population genetics, and one in soil science. The
crops involved are maize, cotton, and rice.
International level activities
Strengthening north-south and South-South co-operation:
The training material was developed in co-operation with the
Swiss-funded GMO-ERA Project,and in collaboration with The BioSeg
project, implemented by Embrapa, Brazil.
We held the training course in Niamey, Niger, at the invitation of
AGRHYMET, in November 2006. BiosafeTrain is co-organising the
Second Meeting of Academic Institutions involved in Biosafety
Training, Malaysia, April 2007.
Andow, D.A., Lövei G.L. & Arpaia S. 23006. Bt transgenic
crops, natural enemies and implications for environmental risk
assessment. Nature Biotechnology 24, 749-751.
Andow DA, Birch NE, Dusi A, Fontes E, Hilbeck A, Lang A, Lövei GL,
Pires C, Sujii E, Underwood E, Wheatley RA 2006. Non-target and
biodiversity ecological risk assessment for GM crops. Proceedings
of 9th International Symposium on the Biosafety of Genetically
Modified Organisms (ISBR), September 24-29 2006, Jeju Island,
Korea, pp 68-73.
Lövei, GL. 2006. Biological control as an ecosystem service and its
relevance to GMO biosafety testing. In: Hansen, LS, Enkegaard, A,
Steenberg, T, Ravnskov, S., Larsen, J. (Eds) Implementation of
biocontrol practice in temperate regions - present and near future.
Danish Inst Agricultural Sciences Report Series 119, 37-42.
Andow, D. A., Arpaia, S., Fontes, E. M. G., Hilbeck, A., Lövei, G.
L., Nelson, K. C., Treon, A., Underwood, E. (in press)
International Project on GMO Environmental Risk Assessment
Methodologies (GMO ERA Project). Environmental Biosafety Research
Topping, C.J., Lövei, G.L. 2006. The potential for landscape-scale
ecological impact assessment of GMO crops using agent-based
modeling. Proceedings of the NJF seminar No. 379, Aspects of
Growing Transgenic Crops.B.Boelt (Ed), pp. 40-42.
Hilbeck A, Andow DA, Arpaia S, Birch ANE, Fontes EMG, Lövei GL,
Sujii E, Wheatley R, Underwood E. 2006.Non-target and Biodiversity
Risk Assessment Methodology Ch 5 in: Hilbeck, A., Andow, D.A.,
Fontes, E. (Eds.) Environmental Risk Assessment of Transgenic
Organisms: A Case Study of Bt cotton in Brazil. CABI International,
Wallingsford. U.K. Pp. 115-132.
Sujii ER, Lövei GL, Sétamou M, Silvie P, Fernandes MG, Dubois GSJ,
Almeida RP 2006. Non-target and biodiversity impacts: non-target
herbivorous pests. Ch 6 in: Hilbeck, A., Andow, D.A., Fontes, E.
(Eds.) Environmental Risk Assessment of Transgenic Organisms: A
Case Study of Bt cotton in Brazil. CABI International,
Wallingsford. U.K. Pp. 136-154.
Other source of funding
The project is funded by the Danish Agency for International