The 35S promoter was isolated from the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus
(CaMV) and is one of the most widely used promoters in plant
The 35S promoter is a very strong constitutive promoter, resulting
in high levels of gene expression in dicot plants. However, it is
less effective in monocots, especially in cereals.
Nagy, F. et al. (1985) Properties of expression of the 35S promoter
from CaMV in transgenic tobacco plants. Biotechnology in Plant
Science - Relevance to Agriculture in the Eighties. Ed. M. Zaitlin,
P. Day, A. Hollaender, C. M. Wilson. p. 227-235.