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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-05-04 18:23 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2012-05-08 14:52 UTC (andrew.bowers@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-05-08 14:52 UTC (andrew.bowers@cbd.int)

General Information
Safety of Virus-Resistant Transgenic Plants Two Decades after Their Introduction: Lessons from Realistic Field Risk Assessment Studies
Marc Fuchs and Dennis Gonsalves
Author’s contact information
Marc Fuchs
Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University
New York State Agricultural Experiment Station
Geneva, NY 14456
email: mf13@cornell.edu

Dennis Gonsalves
United States Department of Agriculture
Agriculture Research Service, Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center
Hilo, Hawaii 96720
email: dgonsalves@pbarc.ars.usda.gov
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents

Potential safety issues have been raised with the development and release of virus-resistant transgenic plants. This review focuses on safety assessment with a special emphasis on crops that have been commercialized or extensively tested in the field such as squash, papaya, plum, grape, and sugar beet. We discuss topics commonly perceived to be of concern to the environment and to human health-heteroencapsidation, recombination, synergism, gene flow, impact on nontarget organisms, and food safety in terms of allergenicity. The wealth of field observations and experimental data is critically evaluated to draw inferences on the most relevant issues. We also express inside views on the safety and benefits of virus-resistant transgenic plants, and recommend realistic risk assessment approaches to assist their timely deregulation and release.
Thematic areas
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
doi: 10.1146/annurev.phyto.45.062806.094434
Publisher and its location
Annual Reviews
Copyright © 2007 by Annual Reviews
32 Page PDF
Annual Review of Phytopathology
Keywords and any other relevant information
Keywords: pathogen-derived resistance, virus transgenes, RNA silencing,
perceived safety issues, real risks, benefits

Citation: Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2007. 45:173-202