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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-05-11 16:36 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-05-11 16:36 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Use of Genetically Engineered Fruit Fly and Pink Bollworm in APHIS Plant Pest Control Programs, Final Environmental Impact Statement.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Author’s contact information
Agency Contact:

David A. Bergsten
Biological Scientist
Policy and Program Development
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
4700 River Road, Unit 149
Riverdale, MD  20737-1238
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Table of Contents:

Executive Summary

I. Purpose and Need
A. Introduction
  1. History of Infestations
  2. Fruit Fly Sterile Insect Technique History
  3. Fruit Fly Control Methods Development
  4. Pink Bollworm Sterile Insect Technique History
  5. Cooperative Control Programs
B. Purpose and Need for Action
  1. Purpose
  2. Need
  3. Authority to Take Action
  4. Statutory Authority
C. Scope and Focus of the Environmental Impact Statement
  1. Hosts and Potential Hosts
  2. Potential Locations for Program Activities
  3. Potential Sites for Rearing Facilities
  4. Potential Actions to Consider
D. Programmatic Analysis and Application-specific Review

II. Alternatives
A. Introduction
B. Description of Alternatives
  1. No Action
  2. Expansion of Existing Programs
  3. Integration of Genetically Engineered Insects into Programs
C. Component Methods of the No Action and Expansion of Current Program Alternatives
D. Component Methods of the Preferred Alternative
E. Potential Alternatives and Components Not Analyzed in Detail
  1. Use of Genetically Engineered Transgenes
  2. Nonuse of Autocidal Gene for Pink Bollworm
  3. Pink Bollworm Program without Genetic Engineering
  4. Pink Bollworm Control without Sterile Insect Technique

III. Affected Environment
A. Host Plant Ranges
  1. Mexican Fruit Fly (Anastrepha ludens)
  2. Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata)
  3. Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)
  4. Pink Bollworm
B. Comparative Wild Nongenetically Engineered Insect and Genetically Engineered Insect Biology
  1. Pink Bollworm Fitness or Performance Testing in 2007
  2. Research and Development Plans
C. Description of the Affected Environment
  1. Ecoregions of the Potential Program Area
  2. The Physical Environment
  3. The Human Population
  4. Nontarget Species

IV. Environmental Consequences
A. Program Alternatives
  1. No Action
  2. Expansion of Existing Programs7
  3. Integration of Genetically Engineered Insects into Programs
  4. Potential Cumulative Impacts
B. Special Programmatic Considerations
  1. Applicable Environmental Statutes
  2. Special Concerns
  3. Logistical Considerations for Mass-rearing and Quality Control
  4. Program Mitigations and Risk Reduction Strategies
  5. Irreversible and Irretrievable Commitment of Resources
  6. Program Monitoring
  7. APHIS Regulatory Oversight of Genetically Engineered Insects in Control Programs
Thematic areas
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 5. Risk assessment of living modified mosquitoes species that act as vectors of human and animal diseases
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
Publisher and its location
334 page PDF