The Guidelines cover the regulations on biosafety of rDNA research
and handling of hazardous microorganisms and GE organisms or cells
in India. It has described stringent and robust facility structures
for handling of microorganisms, animals, plants, insects and
aquatic organisms and has provided clear instruction on disposal
and decontamination of laboratory wastes, emergency procedures etc.
The guidelines include a list of risk group agents and determined
appropriate containment level for their handling in India. Within
the purview of Rules, Institutional Biosafety Committees have been
empowered to take adequate
precautionary measures for research conducted on risk group 1 and 2
organisms. The approval from RCGM is only required for experiments
involving risk group 3 and 4 organisms.
In addition, a separate laboratory certification system for
handling of risk group 3 and 4 organisms has been developed.
Following implementation of these guidelines, it shall be mandatory
for all existing high containment facilities at biosafety levels 3
and 4 to acquire this accreditation for working with risk group 3
and 4 organisms. Adoption of these guidelines shall be binding pan
India for all public and private organizations involved in
research, development and handling of GE organisms (organism
microorganisms, animals, plants, arthropods, aquatic animals, etc.)
and non-GE hazardous microorganisms (microorganism includes
parasites, protozoa, algae, fungi, bacteria, virus, prions, etc.)
and products produced through exploration of such organisms.