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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2020-02-10 14:24 UTC (austein.mcloughlin@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2020-02-10 14:24 UTC (austein.mcloughlin@cbd.int)

General Information
Articulating 'free, prior and informed consent' (FPIC) for engineered gene drives
Dalton R. George, Todd Kuiken, Jason A. Delborne
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Recent statements by United Nations bodies point to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) as a potential requirement in the development of engineered gene drive applications. As a concept developed in the context of protecting Indigenous rights to self-determination in land development scenarios, FPIC would need to be extended to apply to the context of ecological editing. Without an explicit framework of application, FPIC could be interpreted as a narrowly framed process of community consultation focused on the social implications of technology, and award little formal or advisory power in decision-making to Indigenous peoples and local communities. In this paper, we argue for an articulation of FPIC that attends to issues of transparency, iterative community-scale consent, and shared power through co-development among Indigenous peoples, local communities, researchers and technology developers. In realizing a comprehensive FPIC process, researchers and developers have an opportunity to incorporate enhanced participation and social guidance mechanisms into the design, development and implementation of engineered gene drive applications.
Thematic areas
  • Biosafety policy and regulation
  • Free, prior and informed consent
  • Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
doi: 10.1098/rspb.2019.1484
Publisher and its location
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
The Royal Society Publishing
Open aceess
PDF - 8 pages (246 KB)
Peer-reviewed journal article
Keywords and any other relevant information
IPLC, FPIC, gene drive, Indigenous, social