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Modified Organism
Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2008-06-11 16:55 UTC (mia.crager@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2016-10-03 17:04 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2016-10-03 17:04 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

Living Modified Organism identity
The image below identifies the LMO through its unique identifier, trade name and a link to this page of the BCH. Click on it to download a larger image on your computer. For help on how to use it go to the LMO quick-links page.

LMO name
Transformation event
The Glofish either have a green fluorescent protein (GFP) that was originally extracted from a jellyfish (Aequorea victoria), or the red fluorescent protein (RFP) originated from Discosoma sp., an Indo-Pacific ocean relative of sea anemones and coral.
Recipient Organism or Parental Organisms
The term Recipient organism refers to an organism (either already modified or non-modified) that was subjected to genetic modification, whereas Parental organisms refers to those that were involved in cross breeding or cell fusion.
Danio rerio - Zebra fish, leopard danio, zebra danio
Characteristics of the transformation process
Introduced or modified genetic elements
Some of these genetic elements may be present as fragments or truncated forms. Please see notes below, where applicable.
Green Fluorescent Protein gene - Aequorea victoria - Crystal Jellyfish, Water Jellyfish, AEQVI
Selectable marker genes and reporter genes
Red Fluorescent Protein gene - Discosoma sp. - Coral anemones, Sea anemones
Selectable marker genes and reporter genes
Notes regarding the genetic elements introduced or modified in this LMO
DNA constructs were made by fusing a zebrafish muscle-specific promoter to the green and red fluorescent protein genes. These constructs were then microinjected into the zebrafish embryos at the one- or two-cell stage. Fluorescent proteins are expressed in the skeletal muscle and are readily visible under normal daylight.
LMO characteristics
Modified traits
  • Selectable marker genes and reporter genes
Common use(s)
  • Ornamental
Additional Information
Additional Information
GloFish® Starfire Red™ Zebra, GloFish® Electric Green™ Zebra, and GloFish® Sunburst Orange™ Zebra
Other relevant website address or attached documents

Records referencing this document (5)
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