Influenza A virus (Influenza, Flu, Avian flu, Human flu, Swine influenza, Equine influenza, Bird flu) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-45782 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

Loading...
  |  

Organism (ORGA)

published: 10 Jul 2008 last updated: 01 May 2020
Organism information
Influenza A virus
Phylum Negarnaviricota
Class Insthoviricetes
Order Articulavirales
Family Orthomyxoviridae
Genus Alphainfluenzavirus
Species Influenza A virus
  • Influenza
    EN
  • Flu
    EN
  • Avian flu
    EN
  • Human flu
    EN
  • Swine influenza
    EN
  • Equine influenza
    EN
  • Bird flu
    EN
Viruses
Characteristics related to biosafety
EN
EN
EN
EN
Influenza viruses that cause influenza in vertebrates, including birds, humans, and other mammals.
EN
  • Vaccine
Additional Information
Influenza A virus genome is comprised of 8 negative-sense RNA segments, encoding 10 proteins (hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (N), membrane channel protein, nucleoprotein, matrix protein, polymerase basic 1, polymerase basic 2, polymerase acidic protein, nonstructural protein 1 and nonstructural protein 2). The HA protein is categorized into 18 subtypes and confers the H number in the influenza strain (e.g. H1, H3, etc). Similarly, the N protein has 11 sub-types and confers the N number in the influenza strain (e.g. N1, N2, etc.). During co-infection of two strains, reassortment can occur to produce new strains of influenza.
EN
Records referencing this document Show in search
Record type Field Record(s)
Living Modified Organism Recipient Organism” or “Parental Organisms 1
Genetic element Donor organism(s) 10