Infectious bursal disease virus (Gumboro virus) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-105222 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 28 Jan 2014
Organism information
Infectious bursal disease virus
Family Birnaviridae
Genus Avibirnavirus
Species infectious bursal disease virus
  • IBDV
  • Avian infectious bursal disease virus
  • Gumboro virus
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Viruses
Characteristics related to biosafety
The disease was first discovered in Gumboro, Delaware in 1962
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Gumboro Disease or Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a chicken disease targeting the Bursa of Fabricius, an important organ in the young chicken's developing immune system. The causative agent, a Birna virus, destroys immature B-lymphocytes in the Bursa of Fabricius resulting in immunosuppression. Very virulent strains of IBDV can result in mortality of up to 40%. Control is best achieved by improved biosecurity and vaccination.
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Record type Field Record(s)
Genetic element Donor organism(s) 1