Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG, MYCGL) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-105337 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 27 Feb 2014
Organism information
Mycoplasma gallisepticum
Kingdom Bacteria
Phylum Mollicutes
Class Mollicutes
Order Mycoplasmatales
Family Mycoplasmataceae
Genus Mycoplasma
Species gallisepticum
  • MG
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  • MYCGL
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Bacteria
Characteristics related to biosafety
The disease caused by this bacterium was first described in 1905. It was described as a respiratory disease that was found in domestic poultry. However, it wasn't for another 50 years that the causative agent, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, was cultivated.
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M gallisepticum is commonly involved in the polymicrobial "chronic respiratory disease" of chickens; in turkeys, it frequently results in swollen infraorbital sinues and is called "infectious sinusitis." These diseases affect chickens and turkeys worldwide, causing the most significant economic losses in large commercial operations, and are commonly seen in noncommercial flocks. Infection also occurs in pheasants, chukar partridges, peafowl, pigeons, quail, ducks, geese, and psittacine birds. Songbirds are generally resistant, although M gallisepticum causes conjunctivitis in wild house finches (and some similar species) in North America.
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  • Vaccine
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Record type Field Record(s)
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