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Online Discussions: Review of a module on public education regarding LMOs

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Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8306]
POSTED ON BEHALF OF THE MODERATORS OF THE FORUM

Dear Forum Participants,

We would like to thank you for the active participation of the discussions of Theme 1.

To continue the discussion, under Theme 2, we will continue to discuss a draft text that will be developed into an e-learning module on public education regarding LMOs and has been made available as an attachment in the Online Forum. Forum participants are invited to review the draft text and then answer the guiding questions below that will be moderated.

We would like to know if this section of the module on procedures and practices of public education is in line with your national experience (e.g. comprehensive, useful, clear, applicable and/or complete)

Please have in mind that some of the materials in the text is long and will be developed into exercises, scenarios and visual materials. However, prior to that we would like to hear your comments on the text.

Lesson 1: Roles and responsibilities of public authorities and other stakeholders

1. Are the roles and responsibilities in line with your national experiences?
2. What may be the general aim of the primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders?
3. In your opinion, who is or should be the primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders?
4. Would it be useful to make the good practices into an exercise or checklist or should the good practices be more integrated with the next lesson on administrative mechanisms and procedures?

Lesson 2: Administrative mechanisms and procedures

5. Are the procedures for top-down mechanism in line with your national experience?
6. Are the procedures for bottom-up mechanism in line with your national experience? 
7. Could you provide statements and good practices on the importance of mainstreaming and integrating biosafety into biodiversity and other related environmental education at all levels?
8. Could the general good practices for the two mechanisms be useful as a checklist or good practice?
9. Could you provide good practices or case studies from your national experiences for the top-down and bottom-up approaches and mechanisms?

Lesson 3: Learning principles and teaching methods

10. Are the learning principles clear and comprehensive enough to understand the importance in using these in education and training activities?
11. Are the teaching methods clear, comprehensive and useful in education and training activities?
12. Could you share some benefits in your national experience of organizing training and educational activities or developing resource guides for academic institutions using learning principles and teaching methods, such as online or offline methods?

Please note that the discussions for Theme 2 is from 10 April 2017 (9:00 a.m. EDT) to 14 April 2017 (5:00 p.m. EDT).

Please note that participants must register and sign into the BCH in order to post messages.

Individuals wishing to participate via e-mail after these initial messages can choose to “watch” the discussions taking place under the different themes. These individuals will then receive copies of the posted messages by e-mail.

We look forward to reading your suggestions and comments.

We would also like to announce that the importance of participating in the other modules to understand how the final product of the module will be developed as a storyboard and to ensure that you may be selected to upcoming workshops on the priority areas/activities of the programme of work. Please find the link to these modules at https://scbd.unssc.org/course/index.php?categoryid=9 

Best regards,

• CEE: Ms. Galina Mozgova, (g.mozgova@yandex.by)
• Western Europe and other States: Ms. Suzanne Loret (suzanne.loret@unamur.be)
• Africa: Mr. Bongani Nkhabindze (English)  (bongani@SEA.ORG.SZ) and Ms. Yosra Mekni (yosratorjmen.mekni@gmail.com) (French)
• GRULAC: Ms. Sol Ortiz García (sortiz@conacyt.mx) (Spanish) and Mr. Fred Phillips (parhelion1@gmail.com)
• Asia and the Pacific: Mr. Pisey Oum (poum39@gmail.com), Mr. Ruel Maningas (rvmconsult@yahoo.com) and Mr. Ho-Min Jang (hmjang@kribb.re.kr)
• UN Environment: Mr. Alex Owusu-Biney (bineya@gmail.com)
(edited on 2017-04-21 17:40 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson)
posted on 2017-04-10 12:55 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson, UNEP/SCBD/Biosafety
Attachement Topic 2 .ppt - 421 KB
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8307]
Publicado en nombre de Sol Ortiz Garcia:

Estimados Participantes en el Foro,

Quisiéramos agradecerles su activa participación en las discusiones del Tema 1.

Para seguir con la discusión, en el Tema 2 continuaremos trabajando con un borrador de texto que será desarrollado como un módulo de enseñanza electrónica relativo a los OVMs y que ha sido distribuido como un documento adjunto en el Foro en Línea. Los participantes en el foro están invitados a revisar el texto del borrador y responder las preguntas guía que se indican abajo, mismas que serán moderadas.

Quisiéramos saber si esta sección del módulo sobre procedimientos y prácticas de la educación pública está alineada con sus experiencias nacionales (Por ejemplo: es integral, útil, clara, aplicable y/o completa).

Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunos de los materiales en el texto son largos y serán desarrollados en ejercicios, escenarios y materiales visuales. Sin embargo, antes de eso, quisiéramos saber sus comentarios sobre el texto.

Lección 1: Roles y responsabilidades de las autoridades públicas y otros actores

1. ¿Están alineados los roles y responsabilidades con sus experiencias nacionales?
2. ¿Cuál podría ser el objetivo general de los actores primarios, secundarios y terciarios?
3. En su opinión, ¿quién es o deberían ser los actores primarios, secundarios y terciarios?
4. ¿Sería útil hacer que las buenas prácticas sean un ejercicio o checklist o deberían estar más integradas en la siguiente lección sobre mecanismos administrativos y procedimientos?

Lección 2: Mecanismos administrativos y procedimientos

5. ¿Se encuentran los procedimientos para mecanismos arriba-abajo alineados con su experiencia nacional?
6. ¿Se encuentran los procedimientos para mecanismos abajo-arriba alineados con su experiencia nacional?
7. ¿Podría proporcionar enunciados/ejemplos  y buenas prácticas sobre la importancia de integrar la bioseguridad en la biodiversidad y otra educación relacionada a todos niveles?
8. ¿Podrían ser útiles las buenas prácticas generales de los dos mecanismos como un checklist o buena práctica?
9. ¿Podría proporcionar experiencias nacionales sobre buenas prácticas o casos de estudio sobre los enfoques y mecanismos arriba-abajo y abajo-arriba?

Lección 3: Aprendiendo principios y enseñando métodos
10. ¿Son claros y suficientemente completos los principios de aprendizaje para entender la importancia en utilizarlos para actividades de educación y capacitación?
11. ¿Son claros suficientemente completos y útiles los métodos de enseñanza para educación y actividades de capacitación?
12. ¿Podría compartir algunos beneficios de su experiencia nacional sobre organizar actividades de capacitación y educativas, o bien desarrollar guías para instituciones académicas utilizando principios de aprendizaje y métodos de enseñanza, como son métodos en línea o fuera de línea?

Por favor note que las discusiones del Tema 2 se llevarán a cabo del 10 de abril (9:00 a.m. EDT) al 14 de abril de 2017 (5:00 p.m. EDT).

Por favor note que los participantes deberán estar registrados y acceder en el CIISB (BCH) para poder publicar sus mensajes.

Aquellas personas que deseen participar por correo electrónico después de este mensaje inicial pueden elegir “observar” la discusión que tiene lugar bajo los distintos temas. Estas personas recibirán copias de los mensajes publicados por correo electrónico.

Estaremos atentos a sus sugerencias y comentarios.

También quisiéramos anunciar la importancia de participar en los otros módulos para entender cómo el producto final del módulo será desarrollado como un guion gráfico y para asegurar que usted pueda ser seleccionado en los talleres próximos sobre las áreas de prioridad/actividades del programa de trabajo. Por favor encuentre la liga a estos módulos en https://scbd.unssc.org/course/index.php?categoryid=9

Saludos cordiales,

• CEE: Ms. Galina Mozgova, (g.mozgova@yandex.by)
• Western Europe and other States: Ms. Suzanne Loret (suzanne.loret@unamur.be)
• Africa: Mr. Bongani Nkhabindze (English)  (bongani@SEA.ORG.SZ) and Ms. Yosra Mekni (yosratorjmen.mekni@gmail.com) (French)
• GRULAC: Ms. Sol Ortiz García (sortiz@conacyt.mx) (Spanish) and Mr. Fred Phillips (parhelion1@gmail.com)
• Asia and the Pacific: Mr. Pisey Oum (poum39@gmail.com), Mr. Ruel Maningas (rvmconsult@yahoo.com) and Mr. Ho-Min Jang (hmjang@kribb.re.kr)
• UN Environment: Mr. Alex Owusu-Biney (bineya@gmail.com)
(edited on 2017-04-10 18:40 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson)
posted on 2017-04-10 18:39 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson, UNEP/SCBD/Biosafety
Attachement Topic 2 .ppt - 423 KB
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8316]
Bonjour
Je ne comprends pas je n'arrive pas à accéder à ce ficher topic 2 que peux je faire?
posted on 2017-04-14 09:02 UTC by M. Guy Mboma Akani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8308]
Publié au nom de Yosra Mekni:

Chers participants au forum en ligne,

Nous vous remercions de vos participations actives aux discussions du thème 1.

Afin de poursuivre la discussion, dans le cadre du thème 2, nous continuerons de discuter d'un projet de texte qui sera développé dans un module d'e-learning sur l'éducation publique concernant les OVM et qu'il a été mis à votre disposition en tant que pièce jointe dans le Forum en ligne.

Les participants au forum sont invités à réviser le projet de texte, ensuite répondre aux questions suivantes ci-dessous qui seront modérées.
Nous aimerions savoir si cette section du module sur les différents éléments de l'éducation publique est en ligne à votre expérience nationale (par exemple, complète, utile, claire, applicable et / ou complète)

Merci de noter que certains éléments du projet du texte sont assez longs et seront développés en exercices, scénarios et matériaux visuels. Cependant, et avant d’aborder le sujet, nous aimerions bien avoir vos commentaires sur le texte.

Leçon 1: Rôles et responsabilités des autorités publiques et d'autres parties prenantes

1. Les rôles et les responsabilités sont-ils conformes à vos expériences nationales?
2. Quel est l'objectif général de chaque partie prenante?
3. À votre avis, qui devrait être le principal, secondaire et tertiaire parties prenantes?
4. À votre avis, est-ce qu'il serait utile de faire des bonnes pratiques dans un exercice ou une liste de contrôle (check list)?

Leçon 2: Mécanismes et procédures administratives

5. Est-ce que les procédures et les mécanismes installés/identifiées selon l’approche « descendante »
basée sur la collaboration avec les autorités publiques répondent-elles à votre expérience nationale du pays?
6. Est-ce que les procédures et les mécanismes installés/identifiées selon l’approche « ascendante »
basée sur la collaboration avec les institutions académiques et la société civile répondent-elles à votre expérience nationale du pays?
7. Pourriez-vous fournir des exemples et des bonnes pratiques sur l'importance d'intégrer la biosécurité dans la biodiversité ainsi que dans d’autres domaines d’éducation environnementales liés ?
8. Est-ce que les bonnes pratiques identifiées pour les deux mécanismes « ascendant » et « descendant » peuvent-elles être utiles en tant que liste de contrôle (check list)?
9. Pourriez-vous fournir des exemples de bonnes pratiques ou des études de cas liés à vos expériences nationales selon les deux approches « descendante » et « descendant » ainsi que les mécanismes disponibles ?

Leçon 3: Principes d'apprentissage et méthodes d'enseignement

10. Est-ce que les principes d'apprentissage sont assez clairs et compréhensifs pour comprendre l'importance de leurs utilisations dans les activités d'éducation et de formation?
11. Est-ce que les méthodes d'enseignement sont-elles claires, facile à comprendre et pratiques pour les activités d'éducation et de formation ?

Veuillez noter que les discussions pour le thème 2 se déroulent du 10 avril 2017 (9:00 a.m. EDT) au 14 avril 2017 (5:00 p.m. EDT).

Veuillez noter que les participants doivent s'inscrire et se connecter au BCH afin de poster des messages.

Les personnes souhaitant participer par courrier électronique après ces messages initiaux peuvent choisir de «regarder» les discussions qui se déroulent sous les différents thèmes. Ces personnes recevront ensuite des copies des messages affichés par courrier électronique.
Nous sommes impatients de lire vos suggestions et commentaires !

Nous aimerions également vous annoncer que l'importance de participer aux autres modules pour comprendre comment le produit final du module sera développé en tant que storyboard et pour que vous puissiez être sélectionné pour les ateliers à venir sur les domaines / activités prioritaires du programme.

Bien à vous

• CEE: Ms. Galina Mozgova, (g.mozgova@yandex.by)
• Western Europe and other States: Ms. Suzanne Loret (suzanne.loret@unamur.be)
• Africa: Mr. Bongani Nkhabindze (English)  (bongani@SEA.ORG.SZ) and Ms. Yosra Mekni (yosratorjmen.mekni@gmail.com) (French)
• GRULAC: Ms. Sol Ortiz García (sortiz@conacyt.mx) and Mr. Fred Phillips (parhelion1@gmail.com)
• Asia and the Pacific: Mr. Pisey Oum (poum39@gmail.com), Mr. Ruel Maningas (rvmconsult@yahoo.com) and Mr. Ho-Min Jang (hmjang@kribb.re.kr)
Mr. Alex Owusu-Biney (bineya@gmail.com)
posted on 2017-04-11 13:38 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson, UNEP/SCBD/Biosafety
Attachement Topic 2 .ppt - 423 KB
Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8310]
Dear participants,

This week we have the opportunity to share our experience on procedures and practices in public education in biosafety.
This subject is not easy to access, since human beings are not spontaneously procedural, we are not inclined to identify the components of the hierarchical line followed by a "Top-Down" procedure. Yet it is extremely important to identify these different levels when advocating for public education, in order to be able to interact effectively with them when we want to go back to political decision-makers in a bottom-up procedure. It is only in this direction that citizen action can be exercised.
While it is easy to identify primary (at governmental) and secondary (in educational institutions) stakeholders, it is sometimes much less easy to identify tertiary stakeholders who may be very diverse groups who do not necessarily collaborate. To give just one example, in Belgium the government's technical expert on biosafety is also the focal point for Article 17-19 and 20 of the Cartagena Protocol is the Institute of Public Health (IPH) /http://www.biosafetyprotocol.be/FP.html. While this service is in charge of the biosafety protocol http://www.biosafetyprotocol.be/, it is the Royal Institute of Natural Sciences (RINS) that is in charge of the management of the secretariat of the convention of biodiversity. Thus, on the one hand, biosafety experts at IPH are more at the service of LMO users / producers, while biodiversity "keepers" are generally more in contact with the general public (exhibitions, conferences, etc.), but have little or no knowledge of LMOs and biosafety. Ideally, these two bodies should intensify their collaboration in public education projects.

The last lesson of this module focuses on the types of pedagogical approaches that could be developed. However, most people interested in the education of the public are more motivated by the pedagogical objectives and effectiveness of education in terms of public awareness than by teaching methods per se. This cleavage highlights the major difficulties of this type of project and more precisely to allow the efficacious collaboration of different expert groups: pedagogues, political decision-makers who may not be interested in pedagogical aspects and field actors eager to transmit knowledge, but who are perhaps not in phase with either the pedagogues or the political decision-makers. While it is clear that public education should rather be based on an informal (if possible on the internet) and modular approach (allowing learners to progress at his/her own pace), the project must involve communication specialists. Moreover, it requires the collaboration of the 3 stakeholder levels, which implies having identified all the actors of the tertiary level to ensure sweeping away all aspects of the issue. As aforementioned this identification is not always easy.

I would be happy to learn your opinion about my analysis of this second theme.

Suzanne LORET - Western Europe and other States: Ms. Suzanne Loret (suzanne.loret@unamur.be)
posted on 2017-04-12 08:38 UTC by Mrs Suzanne LORET, University of Namur
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8321]
Bonjour
est ce qu'il n'y a pas moyen d'avoir le orojet de tecte en PDF ou autre version, parce que j'ai tenté à plusieurs reprises d'ouvrir cette version sans succès
posted on 2017-04-19 12:10 UTC by M. Guy Mboma Akani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8322]
Dear Guy,

Please find as an attachment the PDF file of the draft text as requested.

I have also sent you these in an email.

Please let us know if you are able to open these.

Best regards,
Ulrika
posted on 2017-04-19 12:28 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson, UNEP/SCBD/Biosafety
Attachement Topic 2 .pdf - 677 KB
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8323]
Bonjour Mr Guy,

La version disponible pour le moment est en langue anglaise. Merci de trouver en attache les deux documents (Topic1&2) en format pdf.

Cdt,
posted on 2017-04-19 20:11 UTC by Ms Yosra Torjmen Mekni
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8314]
Please find  attached the response from Evelyn Lutalo, Uganda
posted on 2017-04-13 13:20 UTC by Evelyn Lutalo, National Environment Management Authority
Attachement Theme 2.docx - 20 KB
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8315]
Dear participants,

Please note that the online discussions under Theme 2 will be extended to 21 April 2017 to ensure that more participants have the possibility to post messages.

Please note that Theme 3 will take place from 24 – 28 April 2017.

The forum will be closed on 28 April 2017 (5:00 p.m. EDT).

Best regards,

• CEE: Ms. Galina Mozgova, (g.mozgova@yandex.by)
• Western Europe and other States: Ms. Suzanne Loret (suzanne.loret@unamur.be)
• Africa: Mr. Bongani Nkhabindze (English)  (bongani@SEA.ORG.SZ) and Ms. Yosra Mekni (yosratorjmen.mekni@gmail.com) (French)
• GRULAC: Ms. Sol Ortiz García (sortiz@conacyt.mx) (Spanish) and Mr. Fred Phillips (parhelion1@gmail.com)
• Asia and the Pacific: Mr. Pisey Oum (poum39@gmail.com), Mr. Ruel Maningas (rvmconsult@yahoo.com) and Mr. Ho-Min Jang (hmjang@kribb.re.kr)
• UN Environment: Mr. Alex Owusu-Biney (bineya@gmail.com)
posted on 2017-04-13 21:00 UTC by Ms. Ulrika Nilsson, UNEP/SCBD/Biosafety
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8317]
Dear Participants

Greetings!  Following are some observation on Theme 2 based on national experience.

LESSON 1: ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES AND OTHER STAKEHOLDERS

1. Are the roles and responsibilities in line with your national experiences?

Yes.  

As per India’s experience we may include Alumina, Entrepreneurs and Employers in the tertiary stakeholders. 

In today’s scenario, alumni relations are an important part of an institution's progress for many reasons. They enhance fundraising opportunities, they bring in benefits from new skills, experience and share the institutions achievement in the social and global networking. In India, many accomplished alumni are serving as think tanks to the Government and public institutions. They are a role model for various start-ups.

Currently, there is demand from enrolled students and professionals already in employment, for developing skills to enhance their employability.  Similarly, there is also a growing awareness among leaders and senior managers on the importance of entrepreneurship and enterprise education for future employability and job creation.   Indian educational institutions are trying to adapt to this current need by  incorporating  skill development, enterprise education or entrepreneurship in their programs.  These  situations provide new platforms and opportunities for integrating biosafety.

2. What may be the general aim of the primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders?

Aim of the primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders is to provide an enabling environment through appropriate legal framework &, guidelines, provide adequate budget, develop structured inter and intra agency coordination mechanism to avoid overlaps, develop policies and programs which integrate international scientific developments and mechanisms for time bound review.
The objective is to ensure that national biosafety education and training programs focus on developing in-country expertise for effective environmental and food safety assessment, management and communication on biosafety issues in a manner understandable to different categories of stakeholders.

3. In your opinion, who is or should be the primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders?

Primary stakeholders:   Government organizations comprising of Ministries and departments involved in biosafety regulation, research and education as well as those engaged in developing science and technology policies and program. 

Secondary Stakeholder:  Public institutions involved in the implementation of   various Acts related to education, science and technology, agriculture, health & environment; agencies/institutions /committees involved in formal education;  academia; research institutions  both public and private; judiciary. 

Tertiary Stakeholders:   Civil society, media, communication specialist, , parents, teachers, alumina, entrepreneurs’ employers, industry, international organization,  accreditation bodies and agriculture extension systems.

Sustainable improvements in the educational scenario can take place only with the active participation of all key stakeholders – all need to be involved in proactive partnerships. This calls for capacity enhancement that can facilitate informed dialogue and action so that educational reforms can be taken in a timely manner. In this context, I suggest we include a fourth category of Stakeholder namely “Beneficiaries”.  

Beneficiaries:  Students, teachers, parents, researchers, employees, local communities and indigenous groups, local governments, women, farmers disadvantaged groups etc.  

4. Would it be useful to make the good practices into an exercise or checklist or should the good practices be more integrated with the next lesson on administrative mechanisms and procedures?

Preferably in the form of an exercise through a case study.   It would be useful if the case study highlights how sustainability was achieved or can be achieved.


LESSON 2: ADMINISTRATIVE MECHANISMS AND PROCEDURES

5. Are the procedures for top-down mechanism in line with your national experience?
&
6. Are the procedures for bottom-up mechanism in line with your national experience? 

The procedures for the top-down and bottom-up are in line with the national experience for various educational program.    However, biosafety being relatively new, has not received much attention in the formal education system.  

7. Could you provide statements and good practices on the importance of mainstreaming and integrating biosafety into biodiversity and other related environmental education at all levels?

Mainstreaming is extremely important for several reasons -  garners Political will, improves informed decision making, enhance trust in Government’s decision, people will have access to validated and reliable information, improve the inhouse capacity of professional risk assessors, promote public awareness on biosafety,  improve infrastructure and human resource capacity  for LMO detection,  generates baseline information on biodiversity/ natural resources,   useful in identifying gap areas, possibility of improved resource commitments or rather resource optimization,  integration of biodiversity concerns in the economic and social development agenda,  facilitates implementation of commitments under CBD, CBP, Nagoya Protocol on ABS.

8. Could the general good practices for the two mechanisms be useful as a checklist or good practice?

Good Practices.

9. Could you provide good practices or case studies from your national experiences for the top-down and bottom-up approaches and mechanisms?

a. India has a legal framework for regulating LMOs.  The role and responsibilities of the regulators are well defined in the legislation and guidelines.  
b. Ministries, departments, research institutions, involved in development of policies and programs related to science and technology, biotechnology, human and animal health, agriculture etc have been identified.
c. Role of enforcement agencies in the import and export of biological materials including food is well defined. Gaps and areas of strengthening in the context of LMOs and biosecurity have been identified.
d. The recent National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 formulated by the Department of Biotechnology focuses on promoting bioscience research, education and entrepreneurship.  This initiative is envisaged to provide a structured biotechnology and biosafety program.
e. The National Biodiversity Action Plan, 2008 and addendum 2014 has identified public awareness, education on biodiversity conservation, management and detection of LMOs as one of the 12 National Biodiversity targets to meet commitments under AICHI Targets.
f. Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change has undertaken several capacity building programs to enhance awareness on biosafety through training programs, development of resource materials and e-learning modules for CFT.  The stakeholders involved include administrator, regulators, scientists, researchers, media, plant quarantine, customs, seed inspector, food inspectors, State Biodiversity Boards. 
g. The training programs focused on risk assessment & management, LMO detection, public awareness and importance of communication.
h. Module on commitments under CBD and CPB and BCH as a repository of information on LMOs is an integral part of the training and awareness program on biosafety organized in India.
i. As part of regional co-operation, India has organized several workshops including the hosting of CoP 6 which provided a platform for sharing experiences, identifying capacity building needs and dissemination of resource material.  India also participated in the CEPA Fair during CoP-MoP 7 and CoP-MoP 8

However, these programs have been on an Ad-hoc basis depending on availability of resources.  A more structured and decentralized approach is necessary to mainstream public education, awareness and participation into NBSAPs and other environmental programs.


LESSON 3: LEARNING PRINCIPLES AND TEACHING METHODS

10. Are the learning principles clear and comprehensive enough to understand the importance in using these in education and training activities?   Yes,

11. Are the teaching methods clear, comprehensive and useful in education and training activities?   Yes.

12. Could you share some benefits in your national experience of organizing training and educational activities or developing resource guides for academic institutions using learning principles and teaching methods, such as online or offline methods?

Online Teaching Tools:

The National Mission on Education (Vision 2030) combined with the Digital India program is focusing on providing technology driven educational system. As part of this initiative, the National Council on Education and Research and Training has developed e-resources (from class 1 to XII) including textbooks, audio, video, periodicals and a variety of other print and non-print materials through website and mobile app. for showcasing and disseminating all educational materials.  All the concerned stakeholders such as students, teachers, educators and parents can access e-books through multiple technology platforms i.e. mobile phones (android, ios and windows platforms), and tablets (as e-pub) and on web through laptops and desktops (as flipbooks). Currently the e-contents are available in Hindi, English and Urdu. This facility is being extended to all States/ UTs in the regional languages in a phased manner. 

A similar exercise has been initiated for the postgraduate education program. The University Grants Commission is developing e-content in 77 subjects across all disciplines of social sciences, arts, fine arts & humanities, natural & mathematical sciences, life sciences linguistics and languages.  

Offline Learning Tools:

Several initiatives are underway to improve the quality and access to traditional classes room style education.   The online learning is an extension of classical forms of learning. It is accepted that not even the best online courses especially at the school level can fully replace traditional methods which provides for all round personality growth and human relationships that develop in a group through personal interaction with a teacher , other  students or societal groups from diverse backgrounds.    

Biosafety Learning tool:

As far as the biosafety capacity building initiatives are concerned, class room style training combined with online e-resources have been used.  The resource materials and related links have also been made available in the BCH.     Some of the resource materials have been translated into 8 regional languages.
posted on 2017-04-15 15:41 UTC by Dr. Ranjini Warrier, India
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8318]
Thanks Dr. Ranjini for your contribution.  Taking from here, I encourage also other stakeholders from the Asia-Pacific Region to take part in the discussion to be able to solicit a comprehensive feedback on said theme, and other themes to follow.

Ruel
posted on 2017-04-16 07:09 UTC by Dr. Ruel Maningas, Colegio de San Juan de Letran
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8320]
Bonjour à tous

Je suis attentivement la discussion actuelle, pour ma part le module qui a été développé est très intéressant tant pour la formation formelle qu'informelle. Ici au Gabon, la formation sur la biosécurité a été incorporée au niveau universitaire car nous avons une Ecole supérieure dénommée INSAB qui veut dire Institut National Supérieur d'Agronomie et de Biotechnologie.  Cet Institut forme des Ingénieurs des Techniques (Bac+3) et des Ingénieurs à Bac+5. Le public cible ce sont des universitaires mais il existe des formations de courte durée destinée aux professionnels.
posted on 2017-04-18 19:03 UTC by Mr. Jean Bruno Mikissa, Gabon
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8324]
Dear All,

First of all I would like to thank Ulrika for drafting the training module for public education. The structure of the module involves multiple components and functions that made it very useful and overarching for each country, even the countries have unique educational system and various practices.

It was interesting to learn from the reach experience of Belgium and India thanks to Suzanne Loret’s and Ranjini Warrier’s contributions to this forum. Thank you. 

Based on the Moldova’s practices in biosafety public education, I would mention that the biosafety being relatively new, has not received much attention in the formal education system.
However a number of good practices and legislative and administrative efforts made possible to reach good success in general understanding of the biosafety topic and provide awareness for decision makers, sectorial people, business, agriculture and mass media. 

In case of Moldova, the Ministry of Education is the main public authority responsible for formal educational process staring from the pre-scholar level, primary school education, gymnasium and lyceum education, professional (technical) education, university education and post-university education levels. The formal education is developed under the Educational Code that is the horizontal legal act. A number of informal educations are available, ex. extracurricular activities, trainings and workshops, clubs, Olympiads, thematic concourses, student conferences, summer schools and summer professional practices, study tours etc. are available and provide good support to maintain interest and motivation of children and students. The university curricula development and the organization of extracurricular or informal education is the privilege of universities, as the decentralized administration. In this sense I would consider the university administration to classify as the primary category of stakeholders which can play important role for promoting educational practices in biosafety.

The topic of Biosafety is raised by the Law on Biosafety (2001), art. 39 and the draft Law on GMOs (now is under approval in the Parliament) and stipulates requirement for public information, education and public participation to decision making. Following this requirement, the Ministry of Environment, as the national competent biosafety authority, organizing a number of workshops, press conferences, seminars and meetings with the topic of Biosafety, in cooperation with the academia and universities.  However, this activity is not undertaken at a regular base, and is due to availability of financial support, as external as well as extra-budgetary.

A number of universities have developing a special biosafety courses within the university curricula on molecular biology program for undergraduate education, master degree and doctoral degree.  As example, several university course are teaching in the State University of Moldova, Biology faculty that are related to Biosafety issues: the GMOs course - for license level, Biosafety and sustainable development – for master degree students, Classic and modern biotechnology course for undergraduate students etc. Since 2016 a new curricula for master degree – Biosafety – has been developed to have a multidisciplinary approach and involve students and lecturers from molecular biology, genetics, environmental studies, animal and human biology, geography, botany and zoology, microbiology etc. It is consulted and submitted for approval. A number of initiatives to expand biosafety education through the student mobility programs, as well as bilateral and regional cooperation have been undertaken.

As regards to the educational materials, there are limited resources to ensure the educational process. It is urgent need to produce training materials, manuals, books with the topic of biosafety in the national language to be available and accessible for educational scopes. E-learning would be very much useful to be developed. The proposed educational tool would be very welcome to use and apply for these activities in the country.

To establish good coordination and cross sectorial cooperation between the environmental sector as well as educational, agricultural, health care and other sectors, as well as top-down and down-top mechanisms are strongly necessary to improve and mainstream the biosafety education in all relevant areas and contribute to improve professional knowledge and skills of personnel and regulators.

The educational tool is in line with the NBSAP provisions under the objective B, that request establishment of a Center of public information on biodiversity and biosafety and to promote biodiversity and biosafety education and professional skills.

The national BCH system may serve to the scope of public information and education. Availability of educational tooks through the BCH on-line  can contribute for formal and in-formal education on specific biosafety topics, and accessible for political level to universities and schools.

The proposed tool, the topic 2 is very much useful and helpful, is according with the country educational system and country needs.

Best wishes,
Angela Lozan
MD
posted on 2017-04-20 11:54 UTC by Ms. Angela Lozan, Republic of Moldova
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8325]
First, I’d like to thank for the opportunity to participate in this forum and to thank for all the contributions made so far. It is a very important topic and it needs careful consideration and development to achieve its goals in an effective way. 
Potential environmental and health risks associated with LMOs, must be seen in the context. The e-learning platform when talking about the importance of public access to information (module 1) mentions the importance about making known the potential risks to the environment and human health but it does not refer to the potential or already known benefits for the environment and human health associated with biotechnology. In order to improve the quality of decisions on LMOs it is equally important to make it clear the benefits associated with biotechnology as it is to consider the potential risks. Both aspect should come next to each other with equal importance. The e-learning platform is a nice initiative and thoughtful review should be done.
One of the questions is to provide examples of good practices. Though there’s probably the need to increase and develop material for different target audiences and different objectives to achieve public awareness, education, participation, access to information… in an effective and wise way. If one looks at the list of Capacity Building Activities, Projects and Opportunities mentioned in the documents provided for this forum, link
http://bch.cbd.int/database/results?searchid=664162 This list is very small, it does not reflect the available opportunities and some of the resources are outdated (there is example of courses that were for instance, offered a decade ago and do not run any longer and they are not obvious from the list until you dig into the linked information). While there are gaps in the public education and awareness initiatives to be worked on. It would be important to have a better overview of the existing opportunities, their scope, aim and target audience, as well as up-to-date possibilities. As an example of good practice for the general public, Cornell university offers a  free online MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) once a year https://www.edx.org/course/science-politics-gmo-cornellx-gmo101x that explains the meaning of GMOs (LMOs inclusive), etc. in an easy to understand way, with the aid of explanatory videos, additional reading material and the possibility of online discussions. It is a content that would be accessible to lay audience with internet access but it is not listed in the BCH. This year the ICGEB (The International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology) has offered a course on “Risk Analysis for the release of GMOs into the environment” and some of their workshops’ and courses’ presentations are made available online including as podcasts and videos which could also benefit a wider number of professionals who could not attend the event if it were better known. This is again an example of a relevant scientific resource, for a specific aim and target audience, not listed on the BCH. We should think of ways to promote the sharing of educational/capacity building opportunities through the BCH.  In addition, the BCH should offer better ways to search and filter for Capacity Building Activities, Projects and Opportunities. One could consider having possibilities to quickly screen characteristics such as language, costs/availability of grants, target audience, aim, whether it’s still available…
best wishes, Lúcia de Souza
posted on 2017-04-21 06:49 UTC by Ms. Lúcia de Souza, PRRI - Public Research and Regulation Initiative/ANBio (Associação Nacional de Biossegurança - Brazilian Biosafety Association)
RE: Theme 2: Feedback on the topic on procedures and practices of public education [#8326]
Dear Ms. Lúcia de Souza,
I would like to thank you for your contribution to the forum and very good point that participants should think of ways to promote the sharing of educational and capacity-building opportunities through the BCH, including the Capacity-building project database (http://bch.cbd.int/database/activities/). I support this and kindly ask for the participants to update and make records in the database on a constant base, including the category for Accredited Biosafety Courses, Projects and Opportunities and make information about such opportunity available for your colleagues in your countries.
It should be also mentioned that participants can update and make records on educational materials in the Biosafety Information Resource Center at http://bch.cbd.int/database/results?searchid=676672 and at http://bch.cbd.int/database/results?searchid=676698 (universities and institutions).

Best wishes,
Galina
posted on 2017-04-22 14:21 UTC by Dr. Galina Mozgova, Belarus