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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2011-08-18 13:21 UTC (Guy.VAN-DEN-EEDE@ec.europa.eu)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:50 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:04 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Guidance on the Post-Market Environmental Monitoring (PMEM) of genetically modified plants 
EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
Largo N. Palli 5/A
Italy, I-43100
Phone:+39 0521 036111
Fax:+39 0521 036110
Url:EFSA website
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
The European Commission asked the Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms of the European Food
Safety Authority (EFSA GMO Panel) to update its 2006 scientific opinion on Post-Market
Environmental Monitoring (PMEM) of Genetically Modified Plants (GMPs). For doing so, the EFSA
GMO Panel made use of the experience gained from its assessment of applications on GMPs for
cultivation and considered different sources of information such as the PMEM reports on cultivated
GMPs, relevant scientific literature and stakeholders comments. This scientific opinion aims to clarify
the objectives, tasks, tools and requirements for PMEM. Firsly, the present document explains the
scientific rationale for PMEM, including the concept of developing management and monitoring
strategies based on the overall conclusions and assumptions of the Environmental Risk Assessment.
Secondly, it provides examples and guidance to applicants on how to develop and implement their
plans for Case-Specific Monitoring (CSM), taking into account the case-by-case character of CSM. In
addition, it provides guidance to applicants on the strategy, methodology and reporting of General
Surveillance (GS). Different tools and approaches to implement a plan for GS are considered. The
EFSA GMO Panel proposes a holistic and integrative approach for monitoring GMPs in the EU that
considers GS within a framework of general environmental protection monitoring. Finally, the EFSA
GMO Panel makes proposals to risk managers for the future conduct of PMEM in the EU and suggests
that access to PMEM data could be facilitated by setting-up standardised and centralised reporting
centres. This scientific opinion repeals the former 2006 scientific opinion of the EFSA GMO Panel on
Thematic areas
  • LMO use and transboundary movement
    • LMOs for introduction into the environment (Environmental releases)
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
    • Risk management
    • Environmental Monitoring
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 6. Monitoring of Living Modified Organisms Released into the Environment
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Report / Review / Fact sheet / Notes
Publisher and its location
EFSA Panel on GMO; Scientific Opinion on guidance on the Post-Market Environmental Monitoring
(PMEM) of genetically modified plants. EFSA Journal 2011;9(8):2316. [40 pp.] doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2316. Available
online: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/efsajournal
EFSA Panel on GMO; Scientific Opinion on guidance on the Post-Market Environmental Monitoring
Keywords and any other relevant information
Genetically Modified Plant (GMP), Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA), Post-Market Environmental
Monitoring (PMEM), risk management strategies, Case-Specific Monitoring (CSM), General Surveillance (GS),
protection goals, Directive 2001/18/EC.