| | english | español | français |
Go to record ID

  Home|Finding Information|Record details   Printer-friendly version

Information Resource
Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-02-07 11:02 UTC (fred.wassenaar@rivm.nl)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:50 UTC (manoela.miranda@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:10 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Inventory of observed unexpected environmental effects of genetically modified crops
L. van den Brink, C.B. Bus, A.C. Franke, J.A.M. Groten, L.A.P. Lotz, R.D. Timmer, C.C.M. van de Wiel
Author’s contact information
DLO Foundation, Applied Plant Research, Lelystad, The Netherlands
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
In the EU, the consent holder of a particular GM crop is obliged to monitor the occurrence of unexpected adverse effects after its release on the market. As there is only limited experience with monitoring of unexpected environmental effects of GM crops, a literature inventory was performed of the unexpected environmental effects observed in countries where GM crops have been grown already on large areas in the last 10 - 15 years. The objective of this inventory was to find clues for developing protocols for monitoring environmental effects during post-release growing of GM crops.
The inventory primarily focused on crops grown in the Netherlands: maize (Zea mays), sugar beet (Beta vulgaris), potato (Solanum tuberosum), oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and alfalfa (lucerne, Medicago sativa). In addition, information was also gathered about soybean (Glycine max) and cotton (Gossypium spp.). The inventory was restricted to field cultivation, post-harvest storage and transport to the processing industry. Effects during and after processing or effects on human health (food safety), and effects only observed under laboratory conditions were not considered.
Thematic areas
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 6. Monitoring of Living Modified Organisms Released into the Environment
Information on Organisms or LMOs
Organism(s) identification
Zea mays - Maize, Corn, MAIZE
Beta vulgaris - Common beet, Sugarbeet, BETMA
Solanum tuberosum - Potato, SOLTU
Brassica napus - Turnip, Rapeseed, Canola Plant, Oilseed Rape, Rape, BRANA
Medicago sativa - Alfalfa, Lucerne, MEDSV
The reference is invalid, the item may have been unpublished.
Gossypium hirsutum - Cotton
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Report / Review / Fact sheet / Notes
Publisher and its location
COGEM (Netherlands Commission on Genetic Modification), Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Copyright holder: the authors; available for educational and non-profit use