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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-02-28 15:34 UTC (mwach@ilsi.org)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:50 UTC (manoela.miranda@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:15 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Problem formulation in the environmental risk assessment for genetically modified plants
Jeffrey D. Wolt, Paul Keese, Alan Raybould, Julie W. Fitzpatrick, Moisés Burachik, Alan Gray, Stephen S. Olin, Joachim Schiemann, Mark Sears, Felicia Wu
Author’s contact information
J. D. Wolt
Biosafety Institute for Genetically Modified Agricultural
Products, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA
e-mail: jdwolt@iastate.edu
Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
Center for Environmental Risk Assessment (CERA)
1156 15th Street, NW
Second Floor
Washington, DC
United States of America, 20005-1743
Phone:+1 202 659-3306
Fax:+1 202 659-3617
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Problem formulation is the first step in environmental risk assessment (ERA) where policy goals, scope, assessment endpoints, and methodology are distilled to an explicitly stated problem and approach for analysis. The consistency and utility of ERAs for genetically modified (GM) plants can be improved through rigorous problem formulation (PF), producing an analysis plan that describes relevant exposure scenarios and the potential consequences of these scenarios. A properly executed PF assures the relevance of ERA outcomes for decision-making. Adopting a harmonized approach to problem formulation should bring about greater uniformity in the ERA process for GM plants among regulatory regimes globally. This paper is the product of an international expert group convened by the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Research Foundation.
Thematic areas
  • Capacity building
  • LMO use and transboundary movement
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 2. Risk assessment of living modified plants with stacked genes or traits
  • 3. Risk assessment of living modified plants with tolerance to abiotic stress
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
Publisher and its location
Keywords and any other relevant information
ecological risk assessment, GMO, genetically engineered, hazard identification
Access to the resource