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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-04-12 18:45 UTC (david.quist@uit.no)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:50 UTC (manoela.miranda@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:16 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Determining indicators, methods and sites for monitoring potential adverse effects of genetically modified plants to the environment: the legal and conceptional framework for implementation.
Züghart, W., Benzler A, Berhorn F, Sukopp U, Graef F.
Author’s contact information
Dr. Wiebke Züghart
Konstantinstraße 110
Bonn, North-Rhine-Westfalia
Germany, 53179

Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN)
Konstantinstr. 110
Bonn, 53179
Phone:+49 228 8491 0
Fax:+49 228 8491 9999
Url:German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN)
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
According to Directive 2001/18/EC commercial cultivation of genetically modified plants (GMPs) have to be monitored. The aim of the monitoring is to identify potential adverse effects of the GMPs and their use on human health and the environment. There are few concepts showing how GMP monitoring may be implemented. This article indicates monitoring requirements with a focus on environmental issues. GMP monitoring has to be appropriate to detect direct and indirect, immediate and long-term as well as unforeseen effects. For choosing suitable monitoring indicators and methods, we propose a case-by-case approach, which is hypothesis-driven and related to specified protection targets. We present criteria for selecting suitable monitoring sites and demonstrate possibilities to integrate GMP monitoring with existing environmental monitoring programmes. To ensure comparability, interpretability and quality of GMP monitoring data a harmonisation on both national and international
level is proposed.
Thematic areas
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 6. Monitoring of Living Modified Organisms Released into the Environment
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
Publisher and its location
Copyrighted Scientific Journal
Euphytica 164:845-852
Keywords and any other relevant information
LMO monitoring
Access to the resource
Link to the resource(s)