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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-04-16 07:27 UTC (marco.gielkens@rivm.nl)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:50 UTC (manoela.miranda@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:17 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
General surveillance of genetically modified plants; Possibilities for implementation in the Netherlands
D.C.M. Glandorf
Author’s contact information
Dr. D.C.M. Glandorf
Expertise Centre of Substances/GMO office
Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
P.O. Box 1
Netherlands, 3720 BA
Phone:+31 30 274 9111
Fax:+31 30 274 2971
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents

General Surveillance of genetically modified plants in the Netherlands:
European legislation stipulates that the commercial cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops should be monitored (General Surveillance, GS) to check whether unexpected, adverse effects on the environment could occur. The general idea in the EU is that the focus of GS should be on aspects such as biodiversity and a healthy soil. Since unexpected effects are difficult to track, it has not been clear how GS should be set up. Therefore, initially, GS will make use of already existing monitoring networks.

Suitable networks:
Within this context, the RIVM investigated which networks could be used for the general surveillance of genetically modified crops in the Netherlands. These were the Ecological Monitoring Network that follows the development of flora and fauna in the Netherlands, and the Biological Indicator System of Soil Quality that keeps track of soil quality. In addition, satellite observations can be used to detect changes in vegetation. It is possible that GM crops will be cultivated on a commercial scale in the Netherlands in the near future.

Research method:
This research was commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, and offers guidance with regard to existing networks. Firstly, existing networks in the Netherlands were systematically documented. Thereafter, they were examined based on criteria that ensures the long-term collection of reliable and relevant data for GS on biodiversity and soil quality. Subsequently, the possibilities of detecting unexpected environmental effects through GS was investigated. The report drawn up from this research can also be used to set up a GS system in other EU member states, or to come to an integrated European GS system.
Thematic areas
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 6. Monitoring of Living Modified Organisms Released into the Environment
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Report / Review / Fact sheet / Notes
RIVM Report 601040001/2012
Publisher and its location
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)

© RIVM, 2012, Parts of this publication may be reproduced, provided acknowledgement is given to the 'National Institute for Public Health and the Environment', along with the title and year of publication
61 page PDF
Original document
Keywords and any other relevant information
Keywords: Post-market monitoring, General Surveillance, genetically modified crops, GMO's, monitoring networks
Access to the resource
How to obtain the resource
Please see contact details of author for further information.