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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-05-15 13:45 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:52 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:25 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
General Surveillance of Genetically Modified Organisms -the Importance of Expected and Unexpected Environmental Effects
B. Breckling and H. Reuter
Author’s contact information
Dr. Broder Breckling,
E-mail: broder@uni-bremen.de

University of Bremen, UFT, Leobener Str.,
D-28334 Bremen, Germany,
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
GMO Monitoring was made mandatory in the European Union. The according regulatory practice, however, is still under development. Recently, the European Food Safety Authority completed a guidance document which attempts to specify the requirements for general surveillance, i. e. the monitoring aspects that go beyond case-specific issues. While case-specific monitoring (CSM) follows relevant or unclear effects of a particular trait, as identified during risk assessment, general surveillance (GS) covers entirely unforeseen effects or those that are cross-functional and difficult to predict (indirect, delayed, or combinatory). Here, we outline an approach how to systemise monitoring issues, give examples for typical General Surveillance topics of oilseed rape and maize and then discuss the guidance how to setup GS monitoring plans.
Thematic areas
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 6. Monitoring of Living Modified Organisms Released into the Environment
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
DOI 10.1007/s00003-006-0078-2
© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 2006
3 page PDF
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit (Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety)
Keywords and any other relevant information
Key words: General Surveillance, GMO, genetically modified organisms,
unexpected effects, EFSA, ACRE, Guidance Document.

Citation: J. Verbr. Lebensm. 1 (2006) Supplement 1: 72-74