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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2012-05-15 13:57 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2012-05-25 18:52 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-06-01 19:25 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
Monitoring the environmental impacts of GM maize in South Africa.
South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI)
Author’s contact information
South African National Biodiversity Institute
Private Bag X101
Pretoria 0001
South Africa

Tel +27 12 843 5000 Fax: +27 12 804 3211

Physical Address: 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria, Pretoria.
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Table of Contents:


Current global status of GMOs
GMOs and South Africa
Regulatory framework in South Africa
Genetically Modified Organisms Act
The National Environmental Management Act
The National Environmental Management Biodiversity Act
Biosafety landscape in South Africa
South Africa - Norway Environmental Biosafety Cooperation Project
Why GM Maize?

Southern African Biosafety Course
Student training and development
Biosafety Centre of Excellence
GenØk: lessons applicable to South Africa
Proposed elements for the Centre of Excellence

Current monitoring activities in Europe
Current monitoring in South Africa
Compliance monitoring
Independent Monitoring
A framework for monitoring GMOs in South Africa
Conclusions and the way forward


Assessing the impact of commercially produced GMOs on the environment (with specific reference to Bt maize) using a sound scientific approach
Principal Investigators
The use of a multi-stakeholder ERA framework to determine post-market monitoring criteria for MON810
Protein profiling of GM and non-GM maize plants
Study to characterize the protein structure of the CryIAb transgenic(Bt) protein from MON810 maize and a comparison to the same protein produced in bacteria
Profiling of MicroRNA
Study of Bt expression in diverse plant tissues at different stages following planting
A study on the impact of gene flow on the expression of Bt toxin
Assessing the impact of target pests (Lepidoptera) in areas cultivated with MON810 maize
The role of refugia in resistance development
Assessing the impact of Bt maize on non-target Lepidoptera and selected non-target insects on Bt and conventional maize
The effect of direct and indirect consumption of Bt maize on selected non-target insects
Effects of growing Bt maize and its incorporated leaf litter on microbial diversity and mycorrhizal fungi in soil
Conference submissions
Thematic areas
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
  • 6. Monitoring of Living Modified Organisms Released into the Environment
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Report / Review / Fact sheet / Notes
Publisher and its location
2011 by SANBI
60 page PDF
Access to the resource