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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2013-11-06 16:06 UTC (mwach@ilsi.org)
Date of last update
2013-11-06 16:19 UTC (mwach@ilsi.org)
Date of publication
2014-01-09 10:20 UTC (helmut.gaugitsch@umweltbundesamt.at)

General Information
Environmental risk assessment of GE plants under low-exposure conditions
Andrew Roberts, Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, Yann Devos, European Food Safety Authority, Alan Raybould, Syngenta, Patrick Bigelow, Michigan State University, Alan Gray, Center for Ecology and Hydrology
Author’s contact information
Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, ILSI
Research Foundation, Washington, DC, USA
e-mail: aroberts@ilsi.org
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
The requirement for environmental risk assessment (ERA) of genetically engineered (GE) plants prior to large scale or commercial introduction into the environment is well established in national laws and regulations, as well as in international agreements. Since the first introductions of GE plants in commercial agriculture in the 1990s, a nearly universal paradigm has emerged for conducting these assessments based on a few guiding principles. These include the concept of case-by-case assessment, the use of comparative assessments, and a focus of the ERA on characteristics of the plant, the introduced trait, and the receiving environment as well as the intended use. In practice, however, ERAs for GE plants have frequently focused on achieving highly detailed characterizations of potential hazards at the expense of consideration of the relevant levels of exposure. This emphasis on exhaustive hazard characterization can lead to great difficulties when applied to ERA for GE plants under low-exposure conditions. This paper presents some relevant considerations for conducting an ERA for a GE plant in a low-exposure scenario in the context of the generalized ERA paradigm, building on discussions and case studies presented during a session at ISBGMO 12.
Thematic areas
  • Biosafety policy and regulation
    • Transit
    • Import / Export
    • National policies
    • National decision making system
  • LMO use and transboundary movement
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
DOI 10.1007/s11248-013-9762-z
Publisher and its location
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.
Article from a journal
Keywords and any other relevant information
ERA; Agricultural biotechnology; low exposure; risk assessment
Access to the resource
Link to the resource(s)