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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2014-11-12 21:53 UTC (lojeda@conap.gob.gt)
Date of last update
2014-11-21 09:42 UTC (lojeda@conap.gob.gt)
Date of publication
2014-12-18 16:11 UTC (helmut.gaugitsch@umweltbundesamt.at)

This document is also available in the following languages:
General Information
Native Crops of Guatemala and Biosafety in the Use of Living Modified Organisms (free translation)
Dr. César Azurdia
Author’s contact information
Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas
Teléfono: 24226700 extensión 1612
Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (CONAP)
5ta avenida 6-06 zona 1, Edificio IPM, Niveles 5, 6 y 7
Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala
Guatemala, Guatemala
Guatemala, 01001
Phone:+502 2422-6700
Fax:+502 2238-3118 / +502 2253-4141
Url:Portal oficial del Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (CONAP)
  • Spanish
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
(free translation)

The National Council of Protected Areas (CONAP) is the government agency responsible for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity throughout the territory of Guatemala. As such, CONAP is the focal point of the Cartagena Protocol, which aims to contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from the modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Guatemala, as part of the megadiverse countries and as a center of origin and diversity of cultivated plants, contains in its territory genetic richness that is important at national and global levels; therefore, their conservation and sustainable use is a priority. The Cartagena Protocol mandates the development of regulations governing the use of LMOs, and emphasizes the need to conduct environmental risk analysis based on scientific knowledge. Due to the unprecedented importance of the development of LMOs for use in agriculture, it is necessary to have a baseline for major crops native to Guatemala to support risk analysis .

The baseline must at least include information such as the presence and distribution of wild relatives, diversity of cultivated native species, biological aspects such as flowering, pollination, gene flow, hybridisation, invasive capacity, among others. There is also a need for information on the current status of development of LMOs through biotechnology and their current use in regions around Guatemala.

The professional experience of the senior author has amalgamated the existing knowledge about nine crops native to Guatemala and one of Asian origin, but with wild relatives in the country. It is hoped that this information will be valuable for regulators in the competent national authorities dealing with LMOs and to the national scientific community.
Thematic areas
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Book / Book chapter
Documento Técnico No. 4-2014
Publisher and its location
Azucena Caremina Barrios
Se sugiere citar el documento de la siguiente manera:
Azurdia, C. Cultivos Nativos de Guatemala y Bioseguridad del Uso de Organismos Vivos Modificados. Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas. Documento Técnico No. 4-2014
Documento Original
Keywords and any other relevant information
Cultivos nativos
Access to the resource
How to obtain the resource
Para obtener copias físicas puede contactarse a la Oficina Técnica de Biodiversidad, del Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas. 5ta. calle 6-06 zona 1,  Edificio IPM, 6to nivel, ciudad de Guatemala.