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Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2007-09-02 12:51 UTC (UNEP-GEF)
Date of last update
2012-05-09 19:59 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2012-05-09 19:59 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

General Information
International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures: Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests, including analysis of environmental risks and living modified organisms (2004)
Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention, FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO)
Organization(s) involved in the publication of this resource
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Italy
  • English
Publication date
Summary, abstract or table of contents
Objective: To help countries assess the risks of LMOs and determine whether some should be considered as weeds or other organisms that damage plants in order to reduce the risks of releasing LMOs that are weedy and likeky to harm crops and plant ecosystems. The guidelines will also help to harmonize and standardize the way countries analyse risks that LMOs may pose to plant health.  

Scope/level of support: These Guidelines constitute one of the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs), endorsed by the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). It is recognized as the basis for phytosanitary measures applied by Members of the World Trade Organization under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. A country may now use the guidelines to determine which LMOs pose a threat and, if necessary, can subsequently prohibit or restrict their import and domestic use. The guidelines provide details for the conduct of pest risk analysis (PRA) to determine if pests are quarantine pests. They describe the integrated processes to be used for risk assessment as well as the selection of risk management options. The guidelines include supplementary text on environmental risks is marked with "S1" and the supplementary text on LMOs is marked with "S2". They include details regarding the analysis of risks of plant pests to the environment and biological diversity, including those risks affecting uncultivated/unmanaged plants, wild flora, habitats and ecosystems contained in the PRA area. Some explanatory comments on the scope of the IPPC in regard to environmental risks are given in Annex 1.   The Standard also includes guidance on evaluating potential phytosanitary risks to plants and plant products posed by living modified organisms (LMOs). This guidance does not alter the scope of ISPM No. 11 but is intended to clarify issues related to the PRA for LMOs. Some explanatory comments on the scope of the IPPC in regard to PRA for LMOs are given in Annex 2.
Thematic areas
  • Scientific and technical issues
    • Risk assessment
Background material to the “Guidance on risk assessment of living modified organisms”
Is this document is recommend as background material for the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms”
Section(s) of the “Guidance on Risk Assessment of Living Modified Organisms” this background material is relevant
Additional Information
Type of resource
  • Report (including scientific reports, workshop proceedings, project outcomes and case studies)
Adobe Acrobat Reader (41 pages)
Keywords and any other relevant information
LMO categories: All living modified organisms