Iris sp. (Iris, IRIOR) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-110307 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 09 May 2016
Organism information
Iris sp.
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Angiosperms
Class Monocots
Order Asparagales
Family Iridaceae
Genus Iris
Species sp.
  • Iris
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  • IRIOR
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Ornamentals
Domesticated
Characteristics related to biosafety
There are approximately 300 Iris species. Taxonomy is complex and there are multiple centers of origin; South West Asia; southern Europe and Mediterranean.
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The genus is found in North America, Europe and Asia.
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Cultivated varieties of this species are found in cultivation only.
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Iris is cultivated in temperate regions of the world and cut flowers may be distributed globally.
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Iris species are non-epiphytic. Some species of Iris (for example Iris pseudacorus) are known to have poisoned cattle and swine and if the rhizomes are ingested are also toxic to humans. Plant extracts may also can cause dermatitis in sensitive humans. The compounds conferring toxicity are irisin, iridin, or irisine.
EN
  • Ornamental
Additional Information
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Records referencing this document Show in search
Record type Field Record(s)
Genetic element Donor organism(s) 1