Beta vulgaris (Common beet, Sugarbeet, BETMA) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-12097 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

published: 05 Apr 2006 last updated: 29 Jan 2015
Organism information
Beta vulgaris
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Caryophyllales
Family Chenopodiaceae
Genus Beta
Species Beta vulgaris
  • Beta macrocarpa
  • Common beet
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  • Sugarbeet
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  • BETMA
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Crops
Domesticated
Characteristics related to biosafety
The wild forms from which the crop could have been derived are widely distributed over the Mediterranean basin and the Near East.Sugar beet originates from the cultivated form of beet around the Mediterranean area; region A1 (Near East). It is possible that all cultivated beets originated from B. maritima. Sugar beet was introduced to North America around 1830 and to South America circa 1850.
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Typically sugar beet root crops are planted in the spring and harvested in the autumn of the same year. For seed production, however, an overwintering period of cold temperatures of 4 - 7°C (vernalization) is required for the root to bolt in the next growing season and for the reproductive stage to be initiated
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France, the United States, Germany, Russia and Turkey are the world's five largest sugar beet producers.
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  • Food
Additional Information
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