Anopheles coluzzii (African malaria mosquito, Malaria mosquito, Mosquito) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-260477 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House


Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 30 May 2022
Organism information
Anopheles coluzzii
Kingdom Metazoa
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Diptera
Suborder Nematocera
Family Culicidae
Subfamily Anophelinae
Genus Anopheles
Species Anopheles coluzzii
  • Anopheles coluzzii Coetzee & Wilkerson, 2013
  • Anopheles gambiae M
  • African malaria mosquito
  • Malaria mosquito
  • Mosquito
Characteristics related to biosafety
Likely Western Africa
There are two main sub-Saharan habitats; aquatic and terrestrial. Eggs are laid and develop in aquatic habitats; small pools of open shallow fresh or non-polluted water, irrigation areas, or in ephemeral bodies of standing water such as hoof prints, tyre tracks, exposed to sunlight. Adults are found in terrestrial habitats, close to and/or inside human habitations. The larval stages tolerate high levels of salinity and organic pollution in breeding habitats.

Compared to other species in the Anopheles gambiae species complex, An. coluzzii prevails in larger, more permanent aquatic habitats associated with irrigation, and is more tolerant of aridity or dessication stress and is found closer to sea levels. The species is also predominant in urban environments. 
Found throughout tropical sub-Saharan Africa.
  • BCH-ORGA-SCBD-260392-1 Organism Anopheles gambiae (African malaria mosquito, Mosquito, Malaria mosquito, ANOGA)
Anopheles coluzzii (along with An.gambiae and An.arabiensis) is a main vector of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. 
  • Research
Additional Information
While hybrid males from most crosses between species of the An. gambiae complex are sterile, males from crosses between An. gambiae and An. coluzzii do not show signatures of genetic incompatibilities and are fully fertile, with no obvious loss in fitness under laboratory conditions.

Anopheles gambiae sensu lato is a complex of biological siblings which are genetically and behaviourally distinct and vary in their importance as malaria vectors. The members of the complex are morphologically indistinguishable as adults and are identified using molecular methodologies. The Anopheles gambiae complex of sibling species (1974; Coetzee et al., 2013) comprises nine related but reproductively isolated species that are almost indistinguishable morphologically: Anopheles amharicus (Hunt et al., 2013), Anopheles arabiensis (Patton 1905), Anopheles bwambae (White 1985), Anopheles gambiae (Giles 1902), Anopheles coluzzii (Coetzee & Wikerson 2013), Anopheles melas (Theobald 1903), Anopheles merus (Dönitz 1902), and Anopheles fontenillei (Barron et al., 2018). 

Additional information on the distribution of mosquito species that transmit malaria, can be found at the Malaria Atlas Project: