Francisella tularensis | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-45410 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House


Organism (ORGA)

published: 12 Jun 2008 last updated: 21 Jun 2012
Organism information
Francisella tularensis
Kingdom Bacteria
Phylum Proteobacteria
Class Gammaproteobacteria
Order Thiotrichales
Family Francisellaceae
Genus Francisella
Species Francisella tularensis
Characteristics related to biosafety
This species was discovered in ground squirrels in Tulare County, California in 1911; Bacterium tularense was soon isolated by George Walter McCoy of the US Plague Lab in San Francisco and reported in 1912
Francisella tularensis is a pathogenic species of gram-negative bacteria. A member of the genus Francisella, F. tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia or rabbit fever. F. tularensis is capable of infecting a number of small mammals such as voles, rabbits, and muskrats, as well as humans. Despite this, no case of tularemia has been shown to be initiated by human-to-human transmission. Rather, tularemia is caused by contact with infected animals or vectors such as ticks and mosquitos.
Additional Information
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Record type Field Record(s)
Living Modified Organism Recipient Organism” or “Parental Organisms 1