Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-102023 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 29 Jun 2020
Organism information
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus
Kingdom Orthornavirae
Phylum Pisuviricota
Class Pisoniviricetes
Order Picornavirales
Family Ciliciviridae
Genus Lagovirus
Species Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus
  • Rabbit calicivirus (RCV)
  • RHDV
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Additional classification
IV ((+)ssRNA)
Viruses
Characteristics related to biosafety
RHD first appeared in 1984 in the People's Republic of China. Scientists cannot pinpoint its exact origins; however, it is believed the disease emerged from a virulent calicivirus spreading asymptomatically in European rabbit populations, particularly in the German Democratic Republic. The Chinese outbreak was spread by the angora rabbit, which had originated in Europe. Fourteen million domesticated rabbits died within nine months in the outbreak.
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Europe, Americas (North and South), Asia, Australia, New Zealand
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RHD virus causes the extremely contagious and often fatal rabbit hemorrhagic disease in domesticated and wild rabbits. This disease affects only rabbits of the species Oryctolagus cuniculus.
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  • Vaccine
Additional Information
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