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last updated: 09 May 2016
- Perilla ocymoides
- Perilla ocimoides
- Perilla nankinensis
Wild species in mountain areas. The species is also widely cultivated and may be found n cultivation worldwide.EN
China, India, Japan, Korea and South Asia. Also in cultivation elsewhere in the world.EN
Perilla frutescens is widely used as a colorant and traditional medicine in Asia. Leaves are also used as a food. Reports of toxicity are restricted to livestock where excess grazing of the plant has been associated with a typical interstitial pneumonia or acute bovine pulmonary emphysema. The rosmarinic acid found in Perilla frutescens actually exhibits an anti-allergenic effect. No allergenicity is known.EN