Brassica juncea (Indian mustard, Brown mustard, Chinese mustard, Leaf mustard, Vegetable mustard, Mustard greens, BRAJU) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-115905 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 22 Feb 2021
Organism information
Brassica juncea
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Tracheophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Order Brassicales
Family Brassicaceae
Genus Brassica
Species Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
  • Sinapis juncea L.
  • Indian mustard
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  • Brown mustard
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  • Chinese mustard
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  • Leaf mustard
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  • Vegetable mustard
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  • Mustard greens
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  • BRAJU
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Crops
Characteristics related to biosafety
Russia and Central Asia
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Brassica juncea grows in many environments (Boreal to tropical wet zones), tolerating precipitation between 500 and 4200 mm, temperatures between 6 and 27°C and soil pH  between 4.3 and 8.3. Brown mustard tolerates light shade. Ideal conditions for the mustard are organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun.
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The species is distributed worldwide, expect for northern and polar regions with temperatures below 6°C.
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  • Food
Additional Information
Brassica juncea is a natural amphidiploid hybrid (AABB genome, 2n = 36) of Brassica rapa (AA genome, 2n = 20) and Brassica nigra (BB genome, 2n=16). The  species is mainly self-pollinated, but 20-30% cross-pollination was reported. Inter-specific crosses are possible between B. juncea and other mustard relatives. However, most hybridization events have required human intervention to achieve.

Brown mustard has been listed as a weed species.
The species is fast growing and has a broad range of  growing environments.

Brown mustard is grown primarily for culinary purposes (edible leaves, stems and seed; cooking oil from the seeds). The essential oils from the seeds have been used in ethno-botany.
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Records referencing this document Show in search
Record type Field Record(s)
Living Modified Organism Recipient Organism” or “Parental Organisms 3