Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) | BCH-ORGA-SCBD-15023 | Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Organism (ORGA)

last updated: 30 Jun 2020
Organism information
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus
Kingdom Orthornavirae
Phylum Pisuviricota
Class Stelpaviricetes
Order Patatavirales
Family Potyviridae
Genus Potyvirus
Species Zucchini yellow mosaic virus
  • ZYMV
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Additional classification
IV ((+)ssRNA)
Viruses
Characteristics related to biosafety
ZYMV was first discovered in 1973 in northern Italy and has since appeared in southern France, Spain, Israel, Morocco, Germany, northeast U.S., and most recently Florida.
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Spreads in Algeria, Australia, Egypt, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritius, Morocco, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, the UK, and the USA.
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The natural host range of ZYMV is Cucurbita pepo (zucchini squash), Cucumis melo (muskmelon), Cucumis sativus (cucumber) and Citrullus lanatus (watermelon) where it causes mosaic, yellowing, shoestring leaves, stunting, and fruit and seed deformation. In Melothria pendula it causes mosaic and yellowing.  It is transmitted by mechanical inoculation by an insect vector, Aphis citricola, Aphis gossypii, Myzus persicae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Aphis middletonii, Aphis craccivora, Acrythosiphon pisum, Lipaphis erysimi and Uroleucon sp..
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