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Parties to the Protocol and signature and ratification of the Supplementary Protocol

  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
  • Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress

Status of Ratification and Entry Into Force

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on 29 January 2000. In accordance with its Article 36, the Protocol was opened for signature at the United Nations Office at Nairobi by States and regional economic integration organizations from 15 to 26 May 2000, and remained open for signature at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 June 2000 to 4 June 2001. By that date the Protocol had received 103 signatures. The Protocol entered into force on 11 September 2003, ninety days after receipt of the 50th instrument of ratification (Article 37).

The list below contains information on date of signature and the latest communication on ratification, and entry into force from the Depositary of the Protocol - the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The column entitled 'Date instrument of rtf/acs deposited' indicates the dates when the instrument of ratification (rtf), acceptance (acs), approval (apv) or accession (acs) is deposited with the Depositary. The column entitled 'Entry into force' indicates the dates when the Protocol enters into force for the respective State or regional economic integration organization, i.e. ninety days after it has deposited instrument of ratification, approval, acceptance or accession.

#CountryDate of signatureDate instrument of rtf/acs depositedDate of entry into force
1AfghanistanFeb 20, 2013ACSMay 21, 2013
2AlbaniaFeb 08, 2005ACSMay 09, 2005
3AlgeriaMay 25, 2000Aug 05, 2004RTFNov 03, 2004
4AngolaFeb 27, 2009ACSMay 28, 2009
5Antigua and BarbudaMay 24, 2000Sep 10, 2003RTFDec 09, 2003
6ArmeniaApr 30, 2004ACSJul 29, 2004
7AustriaMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
8AzerbaijanApr 01, 2005ACSJun 30, 2005
9BahamasMay 24, 2000Jan 15, 2004RTFApr 14, 2004
10BahrainFeb 07, 2012ACSMay 07, 2012
11BangladeshMay 24, 2000Feb 05, 2004RTFMay 05, 2004
12BarbadosSep 06, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
13BelarusAug 26, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
14BelgiumMay 24, 2000Apr 15, 2004RTFJul 14, 2004
15BelizeFeb 12, 2004ACSMay 12, 2004
16BeninMay 24, 2000Mar 02, 2005RTFMay 31, 2005
17BhutanAug 26, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
18Bolivia (Plurinational State of)May 24, 2000Apr 22, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
19Bosnia and HerzegovinaOct 01, 2009ACSDec 30, 2009
20BotswanaJun 01, 2001Jun 11, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
21BrazilNov 24, 2003ACSFeb 22, 2004
22BulgariaMay 24, 2000Oct 13, 2000RTFSep 11, 2003
23Burkina FasoMay 24, 2000Aug 04, 2003RTFNov 02, 2003
24BurundiOct 02, 2008ACSDec 31, 2008
25Cabo VerdeNov 01, 2005ACSJan 30, 2006
26CambodiaSep 17, 2003ACSDec 16, 2003
27CameroonFeb 09, 2001Feb 20, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
28Central African RepublicMay 24, 2000Nov 18, 2008RTFFeb 16, 2009
29ChadMay 24, 2000Nov 01, 2006RTFJan 30, 2007
30ChinaAug 08, 2000Jun 08, 2005APVSep 06, 2005
31ColombiaMay 24, 2000May 20, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
32ComorosMar 25, 2009ACSJun 23, 2009
33CongoNov 21, 2000Jul 13, 2006RTFOct 11, 2006
34Costa RicaMay 24, 2000Feb 06, 2007RTFMay 07, 2007
35Côte d'IvoireMar 12, 2015ACSJun 10, 2015
36CroatiaSep 08, 2000Aug 29, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
37CubaMay 24, 2000Sep 17, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
38CyprusDec 05, 2003ACSMar 04, 2004
39Czech RepublicMay 24, 2000Oct 08, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
40Democratic People's Republic of KoreaApr 20, 2001Jul 29, 2003RTFOct 27, 2003
41Democratic Republic of the CongoMar 23, 2005ACSJun 21, 2005
42DenmarkMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
43DjiboutiApr 08, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
44DominicaJul 13, 2004ACSOct 11, 2004
45Dominican RepublicJun 20, 2006ACSSep 18, 2006
46EcuadorMay 24, 2000Jan 30, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
47EgyptDec 20, 2000Dec 23, 2003RTFMar 21, 2004
48El SalvadorMay 24, 2000Sep 26, 2003RTFDec 25, 2003
49EritreaMar 10, 2005ACSJun 08, 2005
50EstoniaSep 06, 2000Mar 24, 2004RTFJun 22, 2004
51EthiopiaMay 24, 2000Oct 09, 2003RTFJan 07, 2004
52European UnionMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002APVSep 11, 2003
53FijiMay 02, 2001Jun 05, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
54FinlandMay 24, 2000Jul 09, 2004RTFOct 07, 2004
55FranceMay 24, 2000Apr 07, 2003APVSep 11, 2003
56GabonMay 02, 2007ACSJul 31, 2007
57GambiaMay 24, 2000Jun 09, 2004RTFSep 07, 2004
58GeorgiaNov 04, 2008ACSFeb 02, 2009
59GermanyMay 24, 2000Nov 20, 2003RTFFeb 18, 2004
60GhanaMay 30, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
61GreeceMay 24, 2000May 21, 2004RTFAug 19, 2004
62GrenadaMay 24, 2000Feb 05, 2004RTFMay 05, 2004
63GuatemalaOct 28, 2004ACSJan 26, 2005
64GuineaMay 24, 2000Dec 11, 2007RTFMar 10, 2008
65Guinea-BissauMay 19, 2010ACSAug 17, 2010
66GuyanaMar 18, 2008ACSJun 16, 2008
67HondurasMay 24, 2000Nov 18, 2008RTFFeb 16, 2009
68HungaryMay 24, 2000Jan 13, 2004RTFApr 12, 2004
69IndiaJan 23, 2001Jan 17, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
70IndonesiaMay 24, 2000Dec 03, 2004RTFMar 03, 2005
71Iran (Islamic Republic of)Apr 23, 2001Nov 20, 2003RTFFeb 18, 2004
72IraqMar 03, 2014ACSJun 01, 2014
73IrelandMay 24, 2000Nov 14, 2003RTFFeb 12, 2004
74ItalyMay 24, 2000Mar 24, 2004RTFJun 22, 2004
75JamaicaJun 04, 2001Sep 25, 2012RTFDec 24, 2012
76JapanNov 21, 2003ACSFeb 19, 2004
77JordanOct 11, 2000Nov 11, 2003RTFFeb 09, 2004
78KazakhstanSep 08, 2008ACSDec 07, 2008
79KenyaMay 15, 2000Jan 24, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
80KiribatiSep 07, 2000Apr 20, 2004RTFJul 19, 2004
81KyrgyzstanOct 05, 2005ACSJan 03, 2006
82Lao People's Democratic RepublicAug 03, 2004ACSNov 01, 2004
83LatviaFeb 13, 2004ACSMay 13, 2004
84LebanonFeb 06, 2013ACSMay 07, 2013
85LesothoSep 20, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
86LiberiaFeb 15, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
87LibyaJun 14, 2005ACSSep 12, 2005
88LithuaniaMay 24, 2000Nov 07, 2003RTFFeb 05, 2004
89LuxembourgJul 11, 2000Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
90MadagascarSep 14, 2000Nov 24, 2003RTFFeb 22, 2004
91MalawiMay 24, 2000Feb 27, 2009RTFMay 28, 2009
92MalaysiaMay 24, 2000Sep 03, 2003RTFDec 02, 2003
93MaldivesSep 02, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
94MaliApr 04, 2001Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
95MaltaJan 05, 2007ACSApr 05, 2007
96Marshall IslandsJan 27, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
97MauritaniaJul 22, 2005ACSOct 20, 2005
98MauritiusApr 11, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
99MexicoMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
100MongoliaJul 22, 2003ACSOct 20, 2003
101MontenegroOct 23, 2006SCSJun 03, 2006
102MoroccoMay 25, 2000Apr 25, 2011RTFJul 24, 2011
103MozambiqueMay 24, 2000Oct 21, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
104MyanmarMay 11, 2001Feb 13, 2008RTFMay 13, 2008
105NamibiaMay 24, 2000Feb 10, 2005RTFMay 11, 2005
106NauruNov 12, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
107NetherlandsMay 24, 2000Jan 08, 2002ACPSep 11, 2003
108New ZealandMay 24, 2000Feb 24, 2005RTFMay 25, 2005
109NicaraguaMay 26, 2000Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
110NigerMay 24, 2000Sep 30, 2004RTFDec 29, 2004
111NigeriaMay 24, 2000Jul 15, 2003RTFOct 13, 2003
112NiueJul 08, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
113NorwayMay 24, 2000May 10, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
114OmanApr 11, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
115PakistanJun 04, 2001Mar 02, 2009RTFMay 31, 2009
116PalauMay 29, 2001Jun 13, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
117PanamaMay 11, 2001May 01, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
118Papua New GuineaOct 14, 2005ACSJan 12, 2006
119ParaguayMay 03, 2001Mar 10, 2004RTFJun 08, 2004
120PeruMay 24, 2000Apr 14, 2004RTFJul 13, 2004
121PhilippinesMay 24, 2000Oct 05, 2006RTFJan 03, 2007
122PolandMay 24, 2000Dec 10, 2003RTFMar 09, 2004
123PortugalMay 24, 2000Sep 30, 2004ACPDec 29, 2004
124QatarMar 14, 2007ACSJun 12, 2007
125Republic of KoreaSep 06, 2000Oct 03, 2007RTFJan 01, 2008
126Republic of MoldovaFeb 14, 2001Mar 04, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
127RomaniaOct 11, 2000Jun 30, 2003RTFSep 28, 2003
128RwandaMay 24, 2000Jul 22, 2004RTFOct 20, 2004
129Saint Kitts and NevisMay 23, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
130Saint LuciaJun 16, 2005ACSSep 14, 2005
131Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAug 27, 2003ACSNov 25, 2003
132SamoaMay 24, 2000May 30, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
133Saudi ArabiaAug 09, 2007ACSNov 07, 2007
134SenegalOct 31, 2000Oct 08, 2003RTFJan 06, 2004
135SerbiaFeb 08, 2006ACSMay 09, 2006
136SeychellesJan 23, 2001May 13, 2004RTFAug 11, 2004
137SlovakiaMay 24, 2000Nov 24, 2003RTFFeb 22, 2004
138SloveniaMay 24, 2000Nov 20, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
139Solomon IslandsJul 28, 2004ACSOct 26, 2004
140SomaliaJul 26, 2010ACSOct 24, 2010
141South AfricaAug 14, 2003ACSNov 12, 2003
142SpainMay 24, 2000Jan 16, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
143Sri LankaMay 24, 2000Apr 28, 2004RTFJul 26, 2004
144State of PalestineJan 02, 2015ACSApr 02, 2015
145SudanJun 13, 2005ACSSep 11, 2005
146SurinameMar 27, 2008ACSJun 25, 2008
147SwazilandJan 13, 2006ACSApr 13, 2006
148SwedenMay 24, 2000Aug 08, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
149SwitzerlandMay 24, 2000Mar 26, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
150Syrian Arab RepublicApr 01, 2004ACSJun 30, 2004
151TajikistanFeb 12, 2004ACSMay 12, 2004
152ThailandNov 10, 2005ACSFeb 08, 2006
153The former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaJul 26, 2000Jun 14, 2005RTFSep 12, 2005
154TogoMay 24, 2000Jul 02, 2004RTFSep 30, 2004
155TongaSep 18, 2003ACSDec 17, 2003
156Trinidad and TobagoOct 05, 2000ACSSep 11, 2003
157TunisiaApr 19, 2001Jan 22, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
158TurkeyMay 24, 2000Oct 24, 2003RTFJan 24, 2004
159TurkmenistanAug 21, 2008ACSNov 19, 2008
160UgandaMay 24, 2000Nov 30, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
161UkraineDec 06, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
162United Arab EmiratesSep 12, 2014ACSDec 11, 2014
163United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandMay 24, 2000Nov 19, 2003RTFFeb 17, 2004
164United Republic of TanzaniaApr 24, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
165UruguayJun 01, 2001Nov 02, 2011RTFJan 31, 2012
166Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)May 24, 2000May 13, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
167Viet NamJan 21, 2004ACSApr 20, 2004
168YemenDec 01, 2005ACSMar 01, 2006
169ZambiaApr 27, 2004ACSJul 25, 2004
170ZimbabweJun 04, 2001Feb 25, 2005RTFMay 26, 2005

For declarations and other notes, you may visit the United Nation Treaty Collection web site.

Status of Signature, and ratification, acceptance, approval or accession

The Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on 15 October 2010. In accordance with its Article 17, the Supplementary Protocol was opened for signature on 7 March 2011 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York by Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It remained open for signature until 6 March 2012. The Protocol will enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession (Article 18).

The list below contains information on date of signature and the latest communication on ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

#CountryDate of signatureDate instrument of rtf/acs depositedDate of entry into force
1AlbaniaJan 29, 2013ACS
2Antigua and BarbudaAug 09, 2011
3AustriaMay 11, 2011
4BelgiumSep 20, 2011
5BeninOct 28, 2011
6BrazilMar 06, 2012
7BulgariaMay 11, 2011Dec 06, 2012RTF
8Burkina FasoOct 04, 2013ACS
9Cabo VerdeSep 26, 2011
10CambodiaAug 30, 2013ACS
11Central African RepublicMar 06, 2012
12ChadJan 31, 2012
13ColombiaMar 07, 2011
14CyprusDec 29, 2011
15Czech RepublicMay 11, 2011Feb 13, 2012RTF
16DenmarkMar 07, 2011Feb 25, 2015APV
17EstoniaFeb 06, 2015ACS
18European UnionMay 11, 2011Mar 21, 2013APV
19FinlandMay 11, 2011Apr 25, 2014ACP
20FranceMay 11, 2011
21GermanySep 20, 2011Aug 27, 2013RTF
22Guinea-BissauFeb 01, 2012Sep 24, 2013ACP
23HungaryMay 11, 2011Dec 09, 2013RTF
24IndiaOct 11, 2011Dec 19, 2014RTF
25IrelandMay 11, 2011Jan 14, 2013RTF
26ItalyJun 14, 2011
27JapanMar 02, 2012
28LatviaMay 11, 2011Nov 30, 2011RTF
29LithuaniaMay 11, 2011Dec 06, 2012RTF
30LuxembourgMay 11, 2011May 14, 2013RTF
31MadagascarSep 22, 2011
32MauritaniaMay 18, 2011
33MexicoMar 05, 2012Sep 26, 2012RTF
34MongoliaJan 26, 2012May 21, 2013RTF
35MontenegroMay 11, 2011
36MozambiqueSep 26, 2011
37NetherlandsMar 07, 2011Dec 30, 2013ACP
38NigeriaFeb 01, 2012
39NorwayNov 01, 2012ACS
40PanamaMay 03, 2011
41PeruMay 04, 2011
42PolandSep 20, 2011
43PortugalSep 20, 2011
44Republic of MoldovaJan 25, 2012
45RomaniaMay 11, 2011Oct 04, 2013RTF
46SenegalJan 26, 2012
47SlovakiaJan 20, 2012Apr 28, 2015RTF
48SloveniaMay 11, 2011May 08, 2014RTF
49SpainJul 21, 2011Dec 04, 2012RTF
50SwedenMar 07, 2011Oct 12, 2012RTF
51SwitzerlandMay 11, 2011Oct 27, 2014RTF
52Syrian Arab RepublicNov 05, 2012ACS
53ThailandMar 06, 2012
54TogoSep 27, 2011
55TunisiaMay 11, 2011
56UgandaJun 25, 2014ACS
57UkraineJan 30, 2012
58United Arab EmiratesSep 12, 2014ACS
59United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandFeb 22, 2012Mar 17, 2015RTF
60Viet NamApr 23, 2014ACS
61Afghanistan
62Algeria
63Angola
64Armenia
65Azerbaijan
66Bahamas
67Bahrain
68Bangladesh
69Barbados
70Belarus
71Belize
72Bhutan
73Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
74Bosnia and Herzegovina
75Botswana
76Burundi
77Cameroon
78China
79Comoros
80Congo
81Costa Rica
82Côte d'Ivoire
83Croatia
84Cuba
85Democratic People's Republic of Korea
86Democratic Republic of the Congo
87Djibouti
88Dominica
89Dominican Republic
90Ecuador
91Egypt
92El Salvador
93Eritrea
94Ethiopia
95Fiji
96Gabon
97Gambia
98Georgia
99Ghana
100Greece
101Grenada
102Guatemala
103Guinea
104Guyana
105Honduras
106Indonesia
107Iran (Islamic Republic of)
108Iraq
109Jamaica
110Jordan
111Kazakhstan
112Kenya
113Kiribati
114Kyrgyzstan
115Lao People's Democratic Republic
116Lebanon
117Lesotho
118Liberia
119Libya
120Malawi
121Malaysia
122Maldives
123Mali
124Malta
125Marshall Islands
126Mauritius
127Morocco
128Myanmar
129Namibia
130Nauru
131New Zealand
132Nicaragua
133Niger
134Niue
135Oman
136Pakistan
137Palau
138Papua New Guinea
139Paraguay
140Philippines
141Qatar
142Republic of Korea
143Rwanda
144Saint Kitts and Nevis
145Saint Lucia
146Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
147Samoa
148Saudi Arabia
149Serbia
150Seychelles
151Solomon Islands
152Somalia
153South Africa
154Sri Lanka
155State of Palestine
156Sudan
157Suriname
158Swaziland
159Tajikistan
160The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
161Tonga
162Trinidad and Tobago
163Turkey
164Turkmenistan
165United Republic of Tanzania
166Uruguay
167Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
168Yemen
169Zambia
170Zimbabwe

For declarations and other notes, you may visit the United Nation Treaty Collection web site.