of the Protocol requires Parties to cooperate in the development and/or strengthening of human resources and institutional capacities in biosafety, including biotechnology to the extent that it is required for biosafety, for the purpose of ensuring the effective implementation of the Protocol. In doing so, they are required to take fully into account the needs of developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition for financial resources and access to and transfer of technology and know-how.
In order to be able to implement their obligations, Parties need appropriate institutional mechanisms and infrastructure, well-trained human resources, adequate funding, access to relevant information and other types of capacities.
Since the adoption of the Protocol, a number of decisions and initiatives have been taken and mechanisms established at the global, regional and national levels to facilitate the strengthening of the capacities of Parties. For example, an action plan
has been developed, a coordination mechanism
has been put in place and a Roster of Biosafety Experts
has been established.