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Parties to the Cartagena Protocol and its Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress

  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
  • Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress

Status of Ratification and Entry into Force

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on 29 January 2000. In accordance with its Article 36, the Protocol was opened for signature at the United Nations Office at Nairobi by States and regional economic integration organizations from 15 to 26 May 2000, and remained open for signature at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 June 2000 to 4 June 2001. By that date the Protocol had received 103 signatures. The Protocol entered into force on 11 September 2003, ninety days after receipt of the 50th instrument of ratification (Article 37).

The list below contains information on date of signature and the latest communication on ratification, and entry into force from the Depositary of the Protocol - the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The column entitled 'Date instrument of rtf/acs deposited' indicates the dates when the instrument of ratification (rtf), acceptance (acs), approval (apv) or accession (acs) is deposited with the Depositary. The column entitled 'Entry into force' indicates the dates when the Protocol enters into force for the respective State or regional economic integration organization, i.e. ninety days after it has deposited instrument of ratification, approval, acceptance or accession.

#CountryDate of signatureDate instrument of rtf/acs depositedDate of entry into force
1AfghanistanFeb 20, 2013ACSMay 21, 2013
2AlbaniaFeb 08, 2005ACSMay 09, 2005
3AlgeriaMay 25, 2000Aug 05, 2004RTFNov 03, 2004
4AngolaFeb 27, 2009ACSMay 28, 2009
5Antigua and BarbudaMay 24, 2000Sep 10, 2003RTFDec 09, 2003
6ArmeniaApr 30, 2004ACSJul 29, 2004
7AustriaMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
8AzerbaijanApr 01, 2005ACSJun 30, 2005
9BahamasMay 24, 2000Jan 15, 2004RTFApr 14, 2004
10BahrainFeb 07, 2012ACSMay 07, 2012
11BangladeshMay 24, 2000Feb 05, 2004RTFMay 05, 2004
12BarbadosSep 06, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
13BelarusAug 26, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
14BelgiumMay 24, 2000Apr 15, 2004RTFJul 14, 2004
15BelizeFeb 12, 2004ACSMay 12, 2004
16BeninMay 24, 2000Mar 02, 2005RTFMay 31, 2005
17BhutanAug 26, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
18Bolivia (Plurinational State of)May 24, 2000Apr 22, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
19Bosnia and HerzegovinaOct 01, 2009ACSDec 30, 2009
20BotswanaJun 01, 2001Jun 11, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
21BrazilNov 24, 2003ACSFeb 22, 2004
22BulgariaMay 24, 2000Oct 13, 2000RTFSep 11, 2003
23Burkina FasoMay 24, 2000Aug 04, 2003RTFNov 02, 2003
24BurundiOct 02, 2008ACSDec 31, 2008
25Cabo VerdeNov 01, 2005ACSJan 30, 2006
26CambodiaSep 17, 2003ACSDec 16, 2003
27CameroonFeb 09, 2001Feb 20, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
28Central African RepublicMay 24, 2000Nov 18, 2008RTFFeb 16, 2009
29ChadMay 24, 2000Nov 01, 2006RTFJan 30, 2007
30ChinaAug 08, 2000Jun 08, 2005APVSep 06, 2005
31ColombiaMay 24, 2000May 20, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
32ComorosMar 25, 2009ACSJun 23, 2009
33CongoNov 21, 2000Jul 13, 2006RTFOct 11, 2006
34Costa RicaMay 24, 2000Feb 06, 2007RTFMay 07, 2007
35Côte d'IvoireMar 12, 2015ACSJun 10, 2015
36CroatiaSep 08, 2000Aug 29, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
37CubaMay 24, 2000Sep 17, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
38CyprusDec 05, 2003ACSMar 04, 2004
39Czech RepublicMay 24, 2000Oct 08, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
40Democratic People's Republic of KoreaApr 20, 2001Jul 29, 2003RTFOct 27, 2003
41Democratic Republic of the CongoMar 23, 2005ACSJun 21, 2005
42DenmarkMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
43DjiboutiApr 08, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
44DominicaJul 13, 2004ACSOct 11, 2004
45Dominican RepublicJun 20, 2006ACSSep 18, 2006
46EcuadorMay 24, 2000Jan 30, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
47EgyptDec 20, 2000Dec 23, 2003RTFMar 21, 2004
48El SalvadorMay 24, 2000Sep 26, 2003RTFDec 25, 2003
49EritreaMar 10, 2005ACSJun 08, 2005
50EstoniaSep 06, 2000Mar 24, 2004RTFJun 22, 2004
51EswatiniJan 13, 2006ACSApr 13, 2006
52EthiopiaMay 24, 2000Oct 09, 2003RTFJan 07, 2004
53European UnionMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002APVSep 11, 2003
54FijiMay 02, 2001Jun 05, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
55FinlandMay 24, 2000Jul 09, 2004RTFOct 07, 2004
56FranceMay 24, 2000Apr 07, 2003APVSep 11, 2003
57GabonMay 02, 2007ACSJul 31, 2007
58Gambia (the)May 24, 2000Jun 09, 2004RTFSep 07, 2004
59GeorgiaNov 04, 2008ACSFeb 02, 2009
60GermanyMay 24, 2000Nov 20, 2003RTFFeb 18, 2004
61GhanaMay 30, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
62GreeceMay 24, 2000May 21, 2004RTFAug 19, 2004
63GrenadaMay 24, 2000Feb 05, 2004RTFMay 05, 2004
64GuatemalaOct 28, 2004ACSJan 26, 2005
65GuineaMay 24, 2000Dec 11, 2007RTFMar 10, 2008
66Guinea-BissauMay 19, 2010ACSAug 17, 2010
67GuyanaMar 18, 2008ACSJun 16, 2008
68HondurasMay 24, 2000Nov 18, 2008RTFFeb 16, 2009
69HungaryMay 24, 2000Jan 13, 2004RTFApr 12, 2004
70IndiaJan 23, 2001Jan 17, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
71IndonesiaMay 24, 2000Dec 03, 2004RTFMar 03, 2005
72Iran (Islamic Republic of)Apr 23, 2001Nov 20, 2003RTFFeb 18, 2004
73IraqMar 03, 2014ACSJun 01, 2014
74IrelandMay 24, 2000Nov 14, 2003RTFFeb 12, 2004
75ItalyMay 24, 2000Mar 24, 2004RTFJun 22, 2004
76JamaicaJun 04, 2001Sep 25, 2012RTFDec 24, 2012
77JapanNov 21, 2003ACSFeb 19, 2004
78JordanOct 11, 2000Nov 11, 2003RTFFeb 09, 2004
79KazakhstanSep 08, 2008ACSDec 07, 2008
80KenyaMay 15, 2000Jan 24, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
81KiribatiSep 07, 2000Apr 20, 2004RTFJul 19, 2004
82KuwaitJun 01, 2017ACSAug 30, 2017
83KyrgyzstanOct 05, 2005ACSJan 03, 2006
84Lao People's Democratic RepublicAug 03, 2004ACSNov 01, 2004
85LatviaFeb 13, 2004ACSMay 13, 2004
86LebanonFeb 06, 2013ACSMay 07, 2013
87LesothoSep 20, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
88LiberiaFeb 15, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
89LibyaJun 14, 2005ACSSep 12, 2005
90LithuaniaMay 24, 2000Nov 07, 2003RTFFeb 05, 2004
91LuxembourgJul 11, 2000Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
92MadagascarSep 14, 2000Nov 24, 2003RTFFeb 22, 2004
93MalawiMay 24, 2000Feb 27, 2009RTFMay 28, 2009
94MalaysiaMay 24, 2000Sep 03, 2003RTFDec 02, 2003
95MaldivesSep 02, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
96MaliApr 04, 2001Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
97MaltaJan 05, 2007ACSApr 05, 2007
98Marshall IslandsJan 27, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
99MauritaniaJul 22, 2005ACSOct 20, 2005
100MauritiusApr 11, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
101MexicoMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
102MongoliaJul 22, 2003ACSOct 20, 2003
103MontenegroOct 23, 2006SCSJun 03, 2006
104MoroccoMay 25, 2000Apr 25, 2011RTFJul 24, 2011
105MozambiqueMay 24, 2000Oct 21, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
106MyanmarMay 11, 2001Feb 13, 2008RTFMay 13, 2008
107NamibiaMay 24, 2000Feb 10, 2005RTFMay 11, 2005
108NauruNov 12, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
109NetherlandsMay 24, 2000Jan 08, 2002ACPSep 11, 2003
110New ZealandMay 24, 2000Feb 24, 2005RTFMay 25, 2005
111NicaraguaMay 26, 2000Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
112NigerMay 24, 2000Sep 30, 2004RTFDec 29, 2004
113NigeriaMay 24, 2000Jul 15, 2003RTFOct 13, 2003
114NiueJul 08, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
115North MacedoniaJul 26, 2000Jun 14, 2005RTFSep 12, 2005
116NorwayMay 24, 2000May 10, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
117OmanApr 11, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
118PakistanJun 04, 2001Mar 02, 2009RTFMay 31, 2009
119PalauMay 29, 2001Jun 13, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
120PanamaMay 11, 2001May 01, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
121Papua New GuineaOct 14, 2005ACSJan 12, 2006
122ParaguayMay 03, 2001Mar 10, 2004RTFJun 08, 2004
123PeruMay 24, 2000Apr 14, 2004RTFJul 13, 2004
124PhilippinesMay 24, 2000Oct 05, 2006RTFJan 03, 2007
125PolandMay 24, 2000Dec 10, 2003RTFMar 09, 2004
126PortugalMay 24, 2000Sep 30, 2004ACPDec 29, 2004
127QatarMar 14, 2007ACSJun 12, 2007
128Republic of KoreaSep 06, 2000Oct 03, 2007RTFJan 01, 2008
129Republic of MoldovaFeb 14, 2001Mar 04, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
130RomaniaOct 11, 2000Jun 30, 2003RTFSep 28, 2003
131RwandaMay 24, 2000Jul 22, 2004RTFOct 20, 2004
132Saint Kitts and NevisMay 23, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
133Saint LuciaJun 16, 2005ACSSep 14, 2005
134Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAug 27, 2003ACSNov 25, 2003
135SamoaMay 24, 2000May 30, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
136Saudi ArabiaAug 09, 2007ACSNov 07, 2007
137SenegalOct 31, 2000Oct 08, 2003RTFJan 06, 2004
138SerbiaFeb 08, 2006ACSMay 09, 2006
139SeychellesJan 23, 2001May 13, 2004RTFAug 11, 2004
140Sierra LeoneJun 15, 2020ACSSep 13, 2020
141SlovakiaMay 24, 2000Nov 24, 2003RTFFeb 22, 2004
142SloveniaMay 24, 2000Nov 20, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
143Solomon IslandsJul 28, 2004ACSOct 26, 2004
144SomaliaJul 26, 2010ACSOct 24, 2010
145South AfricaAug 14, 2003ACSNov 12, 2003
146SpainMay 24, 2000Jan 16, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
147Sri LankaMay 24, 2000Apr 28, 2004RTFJul 26, 2004
148State of PalestineJan 02, 2015ACSApr 02, 2015
149SudanJun 13, 2005ACSSep 11, 2005
150SurinameMar 27, 2008ACSJun 25, 2008
151SwedenMay 24, 2000Aug 08, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
152SwitzerlandMay 24, 2000Mar 26, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
153Syrian Arab RepublicApr 01, 2004ACSJun 30, 2004
154TajikistanFeb 12, 2004ACSMay 12, 2004
155ThailandNov 10, 2005ACSFeb 08, 2006
156TogoMay 24, 2000Jul 02, 2004RTFSep 30, 2004
157TongaSep 18, 2003ACSDec 17, 2003
158Trinidad and TobagoOct 05, 2000ACSSep 11, 2003
159TunisiaApr 19, 2001Jan 22, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
160TürkiyeMay 24, 2000Oct 24, 2003RTFJan 24, 2004
161TurkmenistanAug 21, 2008ACSNov 19, 2008
162UgandaMay 24, 2000Nov 30, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
163UkraineDec 06, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
164United Arab EmiratesSep 12, 2014ACSDec 11, 2014
165United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandMay 24, 2000Nov 19, 2003RTFFeb 17, 2004
166United Republic of TanzaniaApr 24, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
167UruguayJun 01, 2001Nov 02, 2011RTFJan 31, 2012
168UzbekistanOct 25, 2019ACSJan 23, 2020
169Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)May 24, 2000May 13, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
170Viet NamJan 21, 2004ACSApr 20, 2004
171YemenDec 01, 2005ACSMar 01, 2006
172ZambiaApr 27, 2004ACSJul 25, 2004
173ZimbabweJun 04, 2001Feb 25, 2005RTFMay 26, 2005
174Andorra
175ArgentinaMay 24, 2000
176Australia
177Brunei Darussalam
178CanadaApr 19, 2001
179ChileMay 24, 2000
180Cook IslandsMay 21, 2001
181Equatorial Guinea
182HaitiMay 24, 2000
183Holy See
184IcelandJun 01, 2001
185Israel
186Liechtenstein
187Micronesia (Federated States of)
188MonacoMay 24, 2000
189NepalMar 02, 2001
190Russian Federation
191San Marino
192Sao Tome and Principe
193Singapore
194South Sudan
195Timor-Leste
196Tuvalu
197United States of America
198Vanuatu

For declarations and other notes, you may visit the United Nations Treaty Collection web site.

Status of Ratification and Entry into Force

The Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on 15 October 2010. In accordance with its Article 17, the Supplementary Protocol was opened for signature on 7 March 2011 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York by Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It remained open for signature until 6 March 2012. The Supplementary Protocol entered into force on 5 March 2018, the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession (Article 18).

The list below contains information on date of signature and the latest communication on ratification, and entry into force from the Depositary of the Supplementary Protocol - the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The column entitled 'Date instrument of rtf/acs deposited' indicates the dates when the instrument of ratification (rtf), acceptance (acs), approval (apv) or accession (acs) is deposited with the Depositary. The column entitled 'Entry into force' indicates the dates when the Supplementary Protocol enters into force for the respective State or regional economic integration organization, i.e. ninety days after it has deposited instrument of ratification, approval, acceptance or accession.

#CountryDate of signatureDate instrument of rtf/acs depositedDate of entry into force
1AlbaniaJan 29, 2013ACSMar 05, 2018
2AustriaMay 11, 2011May 20, 2021RTFAug 18, 2021
3BelgiumSep 20, 2011Jul 15, 2022RTFOct 13, 2022
4BulgariaMay 11, 2011Dec 06, 2012RTFMar 05, 2018
5Burkina FasoOct 04, 2013ACSMar 05, 2018
6CambodiaAug 30, 2013ACSMar 05, 2018
7Central African RepublicMar 06, 2012Jun 15, 2017RTFMar 05, 2018
8ColombiaMar 07, 2011Apr 14, 2020RTFJul 13, 2020
9CongoMay 16, 2016ACSMar 05, 2018
10CroatiaSep 06, 2019ACSDec 05, 2019
11CubaApr 26, 2017ACSMar 05, 2018
12Czech RepublicMay 11, 2011Feb 13, 2012RTFMar 05, 2018
13Democratic People's Republic of KoreaOct 01, 2019ACSDec 30, 2019
14Democratic Republic of the CongoOct 04, 2017ACSMar 05, 2018
15DenmarkMar 07, 2011Feb 25, 2015APVMar 05, 2018
16EstoniaFeb 06, 2015ACSMar 05, 2018
17EswatiniSep 21, 2016ACSMar 05, 2018
18European UnionMay 11, 2011Mar 21, 2013APVMar 05, 2018
19FinlandMay 11, 2011Apr 25, 2014ACPMar 05, 2018
20FranceMay 11, 2011Oct 01, 2019RTFDec 30, 2019
21GermanySep 20, 2011Aug 27, 2013RTFMar 05, 2018
22Guinea-BissauFeb 01, 2012Sep 24, 2013ACPMar 05, 2018
23HungaryMay 11, 2011Dec 09, 2013RTFMar 05, 2018
24IndiaOct 11, 2011Dec 19, 2014RTFMar 05, 2018
25IrelandMay 11, 2011Jan 14, 2013RTFMar 05, 2018
26ItalyJun 14, 2011Apr 09, 2019RTFJul 08, 2019
27JapanMar 02, 2012Dec 05, 2017ACPMar 05, 2018
28LatviaMay 11, 2011Nov 30, 2011RTFMar 05, 2018
29LiberiaAug 17, 2015ACSMar 05, 2018
30LithuaniaMay 11, 2011Dec 06, 2012RTFMar 05, 2018
31LuxembourgMay 11, 2011May 14, 2013RTFMar 05, 2018
32MaliJun 23, 2016ACSMar 05, 2018
33MexicoMar 05, 2012Sep 26, 2012RTFMar 05, 2018
34MongoliaJan 26, 2012May 21, 2013RTFMar 05, 2018
35NetherlandsMar 07, 2011Dec 30, 2013ACPMar 05, 2018
36NigeriaFeb 01, 2012Jun 29, 2022RTFSep 27, 2022
37NorwayNov 01, 2012ACSMar 05, 2018
38PeruMay 04, 2011Sep 09, 2022RTFDec 08, 2022
39Republic of MoldovaJan 25, 2012Jul 30, 2018RTFOct 28, 2018
40RomaniaMay 11, 2011Oct 04, 2013RTFMar 05, 2018
41SlovakiaJan 20, 2012Apr 28, 2015RTFMar 05, 2018
42SloveniaMay 11, 2011May 08, 2014RTFMar 05, 2018
43SpainJul 21, 2011Dec 04, 2012RTFMar 05, 2018
44SwedenMar 07, 2011Oct 12, 2012RTFMar 05, 2018
45SwitzerlandMay 11, 2011Oct 27, 2014RTFMar 05, 2018
46Syrian Arab RepublicNov 05, 2012ACSMar 05, 2018
47TogoSep 27, 2011Feb 08, 2016RTFMar 05, 2018
48UgandaJun 25, 2014ACSMar 05, 2018
49United Arab EmiratesSep 12, 2014ACSMar 05, 2018
50United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandFeb 22, 2012Mar 17, 2015RTFMar 05, 2018
51Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)Oct 10, 2018ACSJan 08, 2019
52Viet NamApr 23, 2014ACSMar 05, 2018
53Afghanistan
54Algeria
55Andorra
56Angola
57Antigua and BarbudaAug 09, 2011
58Argentina
59Armenia
60Australia
61Azerbaijan
62Bahamas
63Bahrain
64Bangladesh
65Barbados
66Belarus
67Belize
68BeninOct 28, 2011
69Bhutan
70Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
71Bosnia and Herzegovina
72Botswana
73BrazilMar 06, 2012
74Brunei Darussalam
75Burundi
76Cabo VerdeSep 26, 2011
77Cameroon
78Canada
79ChadJan 31, 2012
80Chile
81China
82Comoros
83Cook Islands
84Costa Rica
85Côte d'Ivoire
86CyprusDec 29, 2011
87Djibouti
88Dominica
89Dominican Republic
90Ecuador
91Egypt
92El Salvador
93Equatorial Guinea
94Eritrea
95Ethiopia
96Fiji
97Gabon
98Gambia (the)
99Georgia
100Ghana
101Greece
102Grenada
103Guatemala
104Guinea
105Guyana
106Haiti
107Holy See
108Honduras
109Iceland
110Indonesia
111Iran (Islamic Republic of)
112Iraq
113Israel
114Jamaica
115Jordan
116Kazakhstan
117Kenya
118Kiribati
119Kuwait
120Kyrgyzstan
121Lao People's Democratic Republic
122Lebanon
123Lesotho
124Libya
125Liechtenstein
126MadagascarSep 22, 2011
127Malawi
128Malaysia
129Maldives
130Malta
131Marshall Islands
132MauritaniaMay 18, 2011
133Mauritius
134Micronesia (Federated States of)
135Monaco
136MontenegroMay 11, 2011
137Morocco
138MozambiqueSep 26, 2011
139Myanmar
140Namibia
141Nauru
142Nepal
143New Zealand
144Nicaragua
145Niger
146Niue
147North Macedonia
148Oman
149Pakistan
150Palau
151PanamaMay 03, 2011
152Papua New Guinea
153Paraguay
154Philippines
155PolandSep 20, 2011
156PortugalSep 20, 2011
157Qatar
158Republic of Korea
159Russian Federation
160Rwanda
161Saint Kitts and Nevis
162Saint Lucia
163Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
164Samoa
165San Marino
166Sao Tome and Principe
167Saudi Arabia
168SenegalJan 26, 2012
169Serbia
170Seychelles
171Sierra Leone
172Singapore
173Solomon Islands
174Somalia
175South Africa
176South Sudan
177Sri Lanka
178State of Palestine
179Sudan
180Suriname
181Tajikistan
182ThailandMar 06, 2012
183Timor-Leste
184Tonga
185Trinidad and Tobago
186TunisiaMay 11, 2011
187Türkiye
188Turkmenistan
189Tuvalu
190UkraineJan 30, 2012
191United Republic of Tanzania
192United States of America
193Uruguay
194Uzbekistan
195Vanuatu
196Yemen
197Zambia
198Zimbabwe

For declarations and other notes, you may visit the United Nations Treaty Collection web site.