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Handling, Transport, Packaging and Identification



Article 18 of the Cartagena Protocol addresses the issue of the handling, transport, packaging and identification of living modified organisms (LMOs).

Paragraph 1 of the Article concerns the safe handling, transport and packaging of LMOs (see FAQ 16). Each Party to the Protocol has the obligation to take necessary measures to require that LMOs be handled, packaged and transported under conditions of safety, taking into consideration relevant international rules and standards.

Paragraph 2 sets out obligations on each Party to take measures to require the identification of LMOs in accompanying documentation. These identification requirements vary depending on the intended use of the LMOs. Accordingly there are different requirements for:
  • LMOs intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing (LMOs-FFP) (subparagraph (a)),
  • LMOs destined for contained use (subparagraph (b)), and
  • LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment (subparagraph (c)).

Paragraph 3 of Article 18 requires the Parties to consider whether there is a need to develop standards on identification, handling, packaging and transport practices and if there is, how these standards should be developed. More>>

At its seventh meeting, the COP-MOP, in decision BS-VII/8, requested Parties and urged other Governments to continue to take measures ensuring the implementation of requirements in paragraph 2(a) of Article 18 and of decision BS-III/10. The COP-MOP also requested Parties and urged other Governments to continue to identify transboundary movements of living modified organisms intended for direct use as food, feed or processing by incorporating the information identified in decision BS-III/10 into existing documentation accompanying living modified organisms; to cooperate with and support developing country Parties in order to build capacity to implement the identification requirements of paragraph 2(a) of Article 18 and related decisions; and to make available to the BCH any domestic regulatory requirements related to the documentation of living modified organisms intended for direct use as food, feed or processing. The COP-MOP also decided that a further review of the need for a stand-alone document is not required unless a subsequent meeting of the Parties decides otherwise in light of the experience gained.

At its seventh meeting, the COP-MOP, in decision BS-VII/8 took note of the additional analysis conducted by the Secretariat on information concerning potential gaps and inconsistencies in existing standards relevant to the handling, packaging and identification of LMOs and requested the Executive Secretary to collaborate with relevant international standard-setting bodies and to keep Parties abreast of any new developments in relevant international regulations and to make such information readily available through the BCH. The COP-MOP also encouraged Parties, other Governments and relevant organizations to provide the Executive Secretary with any additional information that may assist Parties in identifying and applying existing rules and standards, and requested the Executive Secretary to make such information available through the BCH.

   
   
web   Portal on Detection and Identification of Living Modified Organisms

Green Customs Initiative

Green Customs
Green Customs Guide to Multilateral Environmental Agreements
 
Video Introductory video on the Green Customs Initiative
 
Video Webcast of Green Customs Initiative-CBD Secretariat side event at MOP-4

Further resources on this issue:

Biosafety Protocol News
Newsletter on Art. 18


Art. 18 - Examples of integration of information requirements into existing documentation (Decision BS-I/6):
- Article 18.2 (b) on contained use
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- Article 18.2 (c) on intentional introduction into the environment
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