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Parties to the Protocol and signature and ratification of the Supplementary Protocol

  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
  • Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress

Status of Ratification and Entry Into Force

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on 29 January 2000. In accordance with its Article 36, the Protocol was opened for signature at the United Nations Office at Nairobi by States and regional economic integration organizations from 15 to 26 May 2000, and remained open for signature at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 June 2000 to 4 June 2001. By that date the Protocol had received 103 signatures. The Protocol entered into force on 11 September 2003, ninety days after receipt of the 50th instrument of ratification (Article 37).

The list below contains information on date of signature and the latest communication on ratification, and entry into force from the Depositary of the Protocol - the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The column entitled 'Date instrument of rtf/acs deposited' indicates the dates when the instrument of ratification (rtf), acceptance (acs), approval (apv) or accession (acs) is deposited with the Depositary. The column entitled 'Entry into force' indicates the dates when the Protocol enters into force for the respective State or regional economic integration organization, i.e. ninety days after it has deposited instrument of ratification, approval, acceptance or accession.

#CountryDate of signatureDate instrument of rtf/acs depositedDate of entry into force
1AfghanistanFeb 20, 2013ACSMay 21, 2013
2AlbaniaFeb 08, 2005ACSMay 09, 2005
3AlgeriaMay 25, 2000Aug 05, 2004RTFNov 03, 2004
4AngolaFeb 27, 2009ACSMay 28, 2009
5Antigua and BarbudaMay 24, 2000Sep 10, 2003RTFDec 09, 2003
6ArmeniaApr 30, 2004ACSJul 29, 2004
7AustriaMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
8AzerbaijanApr 01, 2005ACSJun 30, 2005
9BahamasMay 24, 2000Jan 15, 2004RTFApr 14, 2004
10BahrainFeb 07, 2012ACSMay 07, 2012
11BangladeshMay 24, 2000Feb 05, 2004RTFMay 05, 2004
12BarbadosSep 06, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
13BelarusAug 26, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
14BelgiumMay 24, 2000Apr 15, 2004RTFJul 14, 2004
15BelizeFeb 12, 2004ACSMay 12, 2004
16BeninMay 24, 2000Mar 02, 2005RTFMay 31, 2005
17BhutanAug 26, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
18Bolivia (Plurinational State of)May 24, 2000Apr 22, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
19Bosnia and HerzegovinaOct 01, 2009ACSDec 30, 2009
20BotswanaJun 01, 2001Jun 11, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
21BrazilNov 24, 2003ACSFeb 22, 2004
22BulgariaMay 24, 2000Oct 13, 2000RTFSep 11, 2003
23Burkina FasoMay 24, 2000Aug 04, 2003RTFNov 02, 2003
24BurundiOct 02, 2008ACSDec 31, 2008
25Cabo VerdeNov 01, 2005ACSJan 30, 2006
26CambodiaSep 17, 2003ACSDec 16, 2003
27CameroonFeb 09, 2001Feb 20, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
28Central African RepublicMay 24, 2000Nov 18, 2008RTFFeb 16, 2009
29ChadMay 24, 2000Nov 01, 2006RTFJan 30, 2007
30ChinaAug 08, 2000Jun 08, 2005APVSep 06, 2005
31ColombiaMay 24, 2000May 20, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
32ComorosMar 25, 2009ACSJun 23, 2009
33CongoNov 21, 2000Jul 13, 2006RTFOct 11, 2006
34Costa RicaMay 24, 2000Feb 06, 2007RTFMay 07, 2007
35Côte d'IvoireMar 12, 2015ACSJun 10, 2015
36CroatiaSep 08, 2000Aug 29, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
37CubaMay 24, 2000Sep 17, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
38CyprusDec 05, 2003ACSMar 04, 2004
39Czech RepublicMay 24, 2000Oct 08, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
40Democratic People's Republic of KoreaApr 20, 2001Jul 29, 2003RTFOct 27, 2003
41Democratic Republic of the CongoMar 23, 2005ACSJun 21, 2005
42DenmarkMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
43DjiboutiApr 08, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
44DominicaJul 13, 2004ACSOct 11, 2004
45Dominican RepublicJun 20, 2006ACSSep 18, 2006
46EcuadorMay 24, 2000Jan 30, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
47EgyptDec 20, 2000Dec 23, 2003RTFMar 21, 2004
48El SalvadorMay 24, 2000Sep 26, 2003RTFDec 25, 2003
49EritreaMar 10, 2005ACSJun 08, 2005
50EstoniaSep 06, 2000Mar 24, 2004RTFJun 22, 2004
51EthiopiaMay 24, 2000Oct 09, 2003RTFJan 07, 2004
52European UnionMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002APVSep 11, 2003
53FijiMay 02, 2001Jun 05, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
54FinlandMay 24, 2000Jul 09, 2004RTFOct 07, 2004
55FranceMay 24, 2000Apr 07, 2003APVSep 11, 2003
56GabonMay 02, 2007ACSJul 31, 2007
57Gambia (the)May 24, 2000Jun 09, 2004RTFSep 07, 2004
58GeorgiaNov 04, 2008ACSFeb 02, 2009
59GermanyMay 24, 2000Nov 20, 2003RTFFeb 18, 2004
60GhanaMay 30, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
61GreeceMay 24, 2000May 21, 2004RTFAug 19, 2004
62GrenadaMay 24, 2000Feb 05, 2004RTFMay 05, 2004
63GuatemalaOct 28, 2004ACSJan 26, 2005
64GuineaMay 24, 2000Dec 11, 2007RTFMar 10, 2008
65Guinea-BissauMay 19, 2010ACSAug 17, 2010
66GuyanaMar 18, 2008ACSJun 16, 2008
67HondurasMay 24, 2000Nov 18, 2008RTFFeb 16, 2009
68HungaryMay 24, 2000Jan 13, 2004RTFApr 12, 2004
69IndiaJan 23, 2001Jan 17, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
70IndonesiaMay 24, 2000Dec 03, 2004RTFMar 03, 2005
71Iran (Islamic Republic of)Apr 23, 2001Nov 20, 2003RTFFeb 18, 2004
72IraqMar 03, 2014ACSJun 01, 2014
73IrelandMay 24, 2000Nov 14, 2003RTFFeb 12, 2004
74ItalyMay 24, 2000Mar 24, 2004RTFJun 22, 2004
75JamaicaJun 04, 2001Sep 25, 2012RTFDec 24, 2012
76JapanNov 21, 2003ACSFeb 19, 2004
77JordanOct 11, 2000Nov 11, 2003RTFFeb 09, 2004
78KazakhstanSep 08, 2008ACSDec 07, 2008
79KenyaMay 15, 2000Jan 24, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
80KiribatiSep 07, 2000Apr 20, 2004RTFJul 19, 2004
81KuwaitJun 01, 2017ACSAug 30, 2017
82KyrgyzstanOct 05, 2005ACSJan 03, 2006
83Lao People's Democratic RepublicAug 03, 2004ACSNov 01, 2004
84LatviaFeb 13, 2004ACSMay 13, 2004
85LebanonFeb 06, 2013ACSMay 07, 2013
86LesothoSep 20, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
87LiberiaFeb 15, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
88LibyaJun 14, 2005ACSSep 12, 2005
89LithuaniaMay 24, 2000Nov 07, 2003RTFFeb 05, 2004
90LuxembourgJul 11, 2000Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
91MadagascarSep 14, 2000Nov 24, 2003RTFFeb 22, 2004
92MalawiMay 24, 2000Feb 27, 2009RTFMay 28, 2009
93MalaysiaMay 24, 2000Sep 03, 2003RTFDec 02, 2003
94MaldivesSep 02, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
95MaliApr 04, 2001Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
96MaltaJan 05, 2007ACSApr 05, 2007
97Marshall IslandsJan 27, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
98MauritaniaJul 22, 2005ACSOct 20, 2005
99MauritiusApr 11, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
100MexicoMay 24, 2000Aug 27, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
101MongoliaJul 22, 2003ACSOct 20, 2003
102MontenegroOct 23, 2006SCSJun 03, 2006
103MoroccoMay 25, 2000Apr 25, 2011RTFJul 24, 2011
104MozambiqueMay 24, 2000Oct 21, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
105MyanmarMay 11, 2001Feb 13, 2008RTFMay 13, 2008
106NamibiaMay 24, 2000Feb 10, 2005RTFMay 11, 2005
107NauruNov 12, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
108NetherlandsMay 24, 2000Jan 08, 2002ACPSep 11, 2003
109New ZealandMay 24, 2000Feb 24, 2005RTFMay 25, 2005
110NicaraguaMay 26, 2000Aug 28, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
111NigerMay 24, 2000Sep 30, 2004RTFDec 29, 2004
112NigeriaMay 24, 2000Jul 15, 2003RTFOct 13, 2003
113NiueJul 08, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
114NorwayMay 24, 2000May 10, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
115OmanApr 11, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
116PakistanJun 04, 2001Mar 02, 2009RTFMay 31, 2009
117PalauMay 29, 2001Jun 13, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
118PanamaMay 11, 2001May 01, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
119Papua New GuineaOct 14, 2005ACSJan 12, 2006
120ParaguayMay 03, 2001Mar 10, 2004RTFJun 08, 2004
121PeruMay 24, 2000Apr 14, 2004RTFJul 13, 2004
122PhilippinesMay 24, 2000Oct 05, 2006RTFJan 03, 2007
123PolandMay 24, 2000Dec 10, 2003RTFMar 09, 2004
124PortugalMay 24, 2000Sep 30, 2004ACPDec 29, 2004
125QatarMar 14, 2007ACSJun 12, 2007
126Republic of KoreaSep 06, 2000Oct 03, 2007RTFJan 01, 2008
127Republic of MoldovaFeb 14, 2001Mar 04, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
128RomaniaOct 11, 2000Jun 30, 2003RTFSep 28, 2003
129RwandaMay 24, 2000Jul 22, 2004RTFOct 20, 2004
130Saint Kitts and NevisMay 23, 2001ACSSep 11, 2003
131Saint LuciaJun 16, 2005ACSSep 14, 2005
132Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAug 27, 2003ACSNov 25, 2003
133SamoaMay 24, 2000May 30, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
134Saudi ArabiaAug 09, 2007ACSNov 07, 2007
135SenegalOct 31, 2000Oct 08, 2003RTFJan 06, 2004
136SerbiaFeb 08, 2006ACSMay 09, 2006
137SeychellesJan 23, 2001May 13, 2004RTFAug 11, 2004
138SlovakiaMay 24, 2000Nov 24, 2003RTFFeb 22, 2004
139SloveniaMay 24, 2000Nov 20, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
140Solomon IslandsJul 28, 2004ACSOct 26, 2004
141SomaliaJul 26, 2010ACSOct 24, 2010
142South AfricaAug 14, 2003ACSNov 12, 2003
143SpainMay 24, 2000Jan 16, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
144Sri LankaMay 24, 2000Apr 28, 2004RTFJul 26, 2004
145State of PalestineJan 02, 2015ACSApr 02, 2015
146SudanJun 13, 2005ACSSep 11, 2005
147SurinameMar 27, 2008ACSJun 25, 2008
148SwazilandJan 13, 2006ACSApr 13, 2006
149SwedenMay 24, 2000Aug 08, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
150SwitzerlandMay 24, 2000Mar 26, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
151Syrian Arab RepublicApr 01, 2004ACSJun 30, 2004
152TajikistanFeb 12, 2004ACSMay 12, 2004
153ThailandNov 10, 2005ACSFeb 08, 2006
154The former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaJul 26, 2000Jun 14, 2005RTFSep 12, 2005
155TogoMay 24, 2000Jul 02, 2004RTFSep 30, 2004
156TongaSep 18, 2003ACSDec 17, 2003
157Trinidad and TobagoOct 05, 2000ACSSep 11, 2003
158TunisiaApr 19, 2001Jan 22, 2003RTFSep 11, 2003
159TurkeyMay 24, 2000Oct 24, 2003RTFJan 24, 2004
160TurkmenistanAug 21, 2008ACSNov 19, 2008
161UgandaMay 24, 2000Nov 30, 2001RTFSep 11, 2003
162UkraineDec 06, 2002ACSSep 11, 2003
163United Arab EmiratesSep 12, 2014ACSDec 11, 2014
164United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandMay 24, 2000Nov 19, 2003RTFFeb 17, 2004
165United Republic of TanzaniaApr 24, 2003ACSSep 11, 2003
166UruguayJun 01, 2001Nov 02, 2011RTFJan 31, 2012
167Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)May 24, 2000May 13, 2002RTFSep 11, 2003
168Viet NamJan 21, 2004ACSApr 20, 2004
169YemenDec 01, 2005ACSMar 01, 2006
170ZambiaApr 27, 2004ACSJul 25, 2004
171ZimbabweJun 04, 2001Feb 25, 2005RTFMay 26, 2005

For declarations and other notes, you may visit the United Nations Treaty Collection web site.

Status of Signature, and ratification, acceptance, approval or accession

The Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on 15 October 2010. In accordance with its Article 17, the Supplementary Protocol was opened for signature on 7 March 2011 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York by Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It remained open for signature until 6 March 2012. The Protocol will enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession (Article 18).

The list below contains information on date of signature and the latest communication on ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

#CountryDate of signatureDate instrument of rtf/acs depositedDate of entry into force
1AlbaniaJan 29, 2013ACS
2Antigua and BarbudaAug 09, 2011
3AustriaMay 11, 2011
4BelgiumSep 20, 2011
5BeninOct 28, 2011
6BrazilMar 06, 2012
7BulgariaMay 11, 2011Dec 06, 2012RTF
8Burkina FasoOct 04, 2013ACS
9Cabo VerdeSep 26, 2011
10CambodiaAug 30, 2013ACS
11Central African RepublicMar 06, 2012Jun 15, 2017RTF
12ChadJan 31, 2012
13ColombiaMar 07, 2011
14CongoMay 16, 2016ACS
15CubaApr 26, 2017ACS
16CyprusDec 29, 2011
17Czech RepublicMay 11, 2011Feb 13, 2012RTF
18DenmarkMar 07, 2011Feb 25, 2015APV
19EstoniaFeb 06, 2015ACS
20European UnionMay 11, 2011Mar 21, 2013APV
21FinlandMay 11, 2011Apr 25, 2014ACP
22FranceMay 11, 2011
23GermanySep 20, 2011Aug 27, 2013RTF
24Guinea-BissauFeb 01, 2012Sep 24, 2013ACP
25HungaryMay 11, 2011Dec 09, 2013RTF
26IndiaOct 11, 2011Dec 19, 2014RTF
27IrelandMay 11, 2011Jan 14, 2013RTF
28ItalyJun 14, 2011
29JapanMar 02, 2012
30LatviaMay 11, 2011Nov 30, 2011RTF
31LiberiaAug 17, 2015ACS
32LithuaniaMay 11, 2011Dec 06, 2012RTF
33LuxembourgMay 11, 2011May 14, 2013RTF
34MadagascarSep 22, 2011
35MaliJun 23, 2016ACS
36MauritaniaMay 18, 2011
37MexicoMar 05, 2012Sep 26, 2012RTF
38MongoliaJan 26, 2012May 21, 2013RTF
39MontenegroMay 11, 2011
40MozambiqueSep 26, 2011
41NetherlandsMar 07, 2011Dec 30, 2013ACP
42NigeriaFeb 01, 2012
43NorwayNov 01, 2012ACS
44PanamaMay 03, 2011
45PeruMay 04, 2011
46PolandSep 20, 2011
47PortugalSep 20, 2011
48Republic of MoldovaJan 25, 2012
49RomaniaMay 11, 2011Oct 04, 2013RTF
50SenegalJan 26, 2012
51SlovakiaJan 20, 2012Apr 28, 2015RTF
52SloveniaMay 11, 2011May 08, 2014RTF
53SpainJul 21, 2011Dec 04, 2012RTF
54SwazilandSep 21, 2016ACS
55SwedenMar 07, 2011Oct 12, 2012RTF
56SwitzerlandMay 11, 2011Oct 27, 2014RTF
57Syrian Arab RepublicNov 05, 2012ACS
58ThailandMar 06, 2012
59TogoSep 27, 2011Feb 08, 2016RTF
60TunisiaMay 11, 2011
61UgandaJun 25, 2014ACS
62UkraineJan 30, 2012
63United Arab EmiratesSep 12, 2014ACS
64United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandFeb 22, 2012Mar 17, 2015RTF
65Viet NamApr 23, 2014ACS
66Afghanistan
67Algeria
68Angola
69Armenia
70Azerbaijan
71Bahamas
72Bahrain
73Bangladesh
74Barbados
75Belarus
76Belize
77Bhutan
78Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
79Bosnia and Herzegovina
80Botswana
81Burundi
82Cameroon
83China
84Comoros
85Costa Rica
86Côte d'Ivoire
87Croatia
88Democratic People's Republic of Korea
89Democratic Republic of the Congo
90Djibouti
91Dominica
92Dominican Republic
93Ecuador
94Egypt
95El Salvador
96Eritrea
97Ethiopia
98Fiji
99Gabon
100Gambia (the)
101Georgia
102Ghana
103Greece
104Grenada
105Guatemala
106Guinea
107Guyana
108Honduras
109Indonesia
110Iran (Islamic Republic of)
111Iraq
112Jamaica
113Jordan
114Kazakhstan
115Kenya
116Kiribati
117Kuwait
118Kyrgyzstan
119Lao People's Democratic Republic
120Lebanon
121Lesotho
122Libya
123Malawi
124Malaysia
125Maldives
126Malta
127Marshall Islands
128Mauritius
129Morocco
130Myanmar
131Namibia
132Nauru
133New Zealand
134Nicaragua
135Niger
136Niue
137Oman
138Pakistan
139Palau
140Papua New Guinea
141Paraguay
142Philippines
143Qatar
144Republic of Korea
145Rwanda
146Saint Kitts and Nevis
147Saint Lucia
148Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
149Samoa
150Saudi Arabia
151Serbia
152Seychelles
153Solomon Islands
154Somalia
155South Africa
156Sri Lanka
157State of Palestine
158Sudan
159Suriname
160Tajikistan
161The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
162Tonga
163Trinidad and Tobago
164Turkey
165Turkmenistan
166United Republic of Tanzania
167Uruguay
168Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
169Yemen
170Zambia
171Zimbabwe

For declarations and other notes, you may visit the United Nations Treaty Collection web site.