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last updated: 01 Apr 2015
- Betula alba
European white birchEN
Betula pubescens is a species of birch, native and abundant throughout northern Europe, Iceland, northern Asia and GreenlandEN
Downy birch extends farther north into the Arctic than any other broadleaf tree. Specimens of the subarctic populations are usually small and very contorted, and are often distinguished as "arctic" downy birch, Betula pubescens subsp. tortuosa (not to be confused with Betula nana). This subspecies is notable as being one of few trees native to Iceland and Greenland, where large specimens can reach 13 metres (43 ft).EN